This article explores the way in which masculinity and femininity are constructed in Algerian manga, an emerging, understudied sub-genre within the field of Algerian graphic art. Through the exploration of youth-oriented publications of shōjo and shōnen manga, I will demonstrate how these new local works offer a privileged form of expression for and platform to address disaffected Algerian youths. The primary focus of this investigation will be the differences (or lack thereof) between ideals of gender performances as expressed in Algerian manga and ideals of gender identity in society at large. This article will demonstrate that, while some differences manifest a desire for change on the part of both artists and readers, they certainly do not constitute radical revisions of the popular Algerian notions of masculinity and femininity. Ultimately, this study will demonstrate the limits of manga as an imported genre within an Arab-Islamic context, oscillating between the promulgation of alternative social ideals and the reinforcement of social norms.
Performing Gender in Algerian Manga
Maggie Gray, Kees Ribbens, Sebastian Domsch, and Dyfrig Jones
Mahler's Alice in Sussex and Jerzy Szyłak and Mateusz Skutnik's Alicja ) and the self-reflexivity of neo-Victorian shōjo manga (Anna Maria Jones on Moto Naoko's Lady Victorian ). The editors acknowledge right away in their introduction that this
Activist Girl of Early Twentieth Century Japan
or shōjo is now ubiquitous in cultural studies research that relates to Japan, defining this term is a challenge. Noting that the word was circulating by “the first decade of the 1900s” as a “reference to adolescent girls,” Hiromi Tsuchiya Dollase
Nick Nguyen, Philippe Kaenel, Michael Kelly, Charles Forsdick, Rikke Platz Cortsen, Sylvain Rheault, Hugo Frey, and Mark Nixon
and the Victorian era. At the same time, many German female authors such as Christina Plaka or Olga Rogalski got their big break in the comics industry thanks to shōjo manga, a genre that created a new public and made the arrival of new authors