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Mary Elaine Hegland

Bridget Blomfield, The Language of Tears, My Journey into the World of Shi’i Muslim Women (Ashland, OR: White Cloud Press, 2015) Diane D’Souza, Partners of Zaynab: A Gendered Perspective of Shia Muslim Faith (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2014) Karen G. Ruffle, Gender, Sainthood, and Everyday Practice in South Asian Shi’ism (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press)

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Les rites d'âshurâ dans un village de l'Iran contemporain

Révélateur privilégié d'un monde rural en mutation

Anne-Sophie Vivier-Muresan

This article aims to analyse the evolution of âshurâ Shi’ite rituals in an Iranian village, in light of the socio-economic transformations of the last thirty years. Studying these rites as a fait social total, we show that they reflect many aspects of local life. Thus, the increasing dependence of the village on the urban regional centre, the reorganisation of the ties between neighbouring but antagonistic localities, the decreasing status of the great landowners and the increasing social homogenisation, the development of rural exodus and recent national history (the Iran-Iraq war, the establishment of the Islamic Republic and the development of religious reformism) – all have had an influence on the organisation of âshurâ ceremonies. The many functions of this ritual appear then more clearly, manifesting the manner of regional integration, reaffirming internal hierarchies and communal identity, and showing the ever-increasing dependence on the urban world.

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Russia’s ‘Other Ummah’

From ‘Ethnic Shi’ism’ to Ideological Movement?

Bruno De Cordier

Since the beginning of the Syrian War, ties between Russia and the Shia sphere are primarily examined in terms of geopolitics, while little attention is being paid to the indigenous as well as immigrant Shia populations in Russia itself. Depending on the motives and circumstances that brought and bring various individuals and groups to more actively-professed Ja’fari Shi’ism, these can become the most active champions of its cause, or of social movements inspired by this persuasion. As such, the Shia element in Russia might become more relevant and present than its low-profile minority state suggests.

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From the Throes of Anguished Mourning

Shi‘i Ritual Lamentation and the Pious Publics of Lebanon

Fouad Gehad Marei

‘a’, singularized and capitalized, with a definite article as a reference to the (Shi‘i) community, a constructed social category with a particular political implication. I use ‘Shi‘ism’ as a noun formation referring to the faith. Unless otherwise indicated, all

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Rematerializing Martyrs and the Missing Soldiers of the Iran-Iraq War

Sana Chavoshian

.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 20 ( 4 ): 441 – 460 . 10.1017/S135618631000026X Keddie , Nikki R. , ed. 1983 . Religion and Politics in Iran: Shi‘ism from Quietism to Revolution . New Haven, CT

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Circling around the really Real in Iran

Ethnography of Muharram laments among Shi'i volunteer militants in the Middle East

Younes Saramifar

addressing how the Real becomes a realm that is called on, referred to, and navigated by mourners through the traditions and ways of imagining that Shi'ism offers them. Therefore, mourners enable themselves to explain notions such as sacrifice, obedience, and

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The South Side of Heaven

A Journey along the Iranian Collective Memory in Iran-Iraq War Memorial Sites

Younes Saramifar

sacred icons of Shi'ism and who travel towards southern Iran in large numbers to commemorate martyrs and pay homage to them (see Figure 9 ). Figure 1: Shrines of the martyrs in the Talaeeye combat zone, Khuzestan. © Younes Saramifar The

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“Welcome to Divinity College”

Subjectification in Pilgrimage to the Iran-Iraq War Battlefields in Contemporary Iran

Mahshid Zandi

Islamism, specifically for Shi‘ism. Also, “the conception of the nation” remained consistent as “the field and the model in terms of which to think of [all] other commitments and loyalties” ( Ram 2000 ). 14 Shahla Talebi's “Dilemma of an Iranian Martyr