agenda of Siberia’s progressive-minded intellectuals and business people. This issue was rather acute, as the vast region consisting of two provinces—Tobol’sk and Tomsk—and of two governorate-generals—Irkutsk (including the provinces of Irkutsk and
Olga Kharus and Vyacheslav Shevtsov
Marjorie Mandelstam Balzer
This essay, based on field notes from 1976 to 2013, explores resonances of the GULag and exile system in Siberia, focusing on often ignored indigenous peoples in villages and towns. Interethnic relations, diverse community relationships with prison camps, and dynamics of Russian Orthodox and pre-Christian spirituality are explored. Debates about how to understand, teach, and memorialize the significance of the Stalinist system are analyzed, as are issues of shame, moral debilitation, and cultural revitalization. Featured cases include the Khanty of West Siberia, Sibiriaki of West and East Siberia, plus Éveny, Évenki, Yukagir, and Sakha of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The author argues that what local people have chosen to emphasize as they reflect on and process the GULag varies greatly with their and their ancestors' specific experiences of the camps and exiles, as well as with their degrees of indigeneity.
New Scholarship on Exile in the Late Russian Empire
Jeffrey S. Hardy
Exile under the Tsars Daniel Beer (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2017), 496 pp., illustrations, maps, bibliography, index. $35.00 (hardcover). ISBN 978-0-3079-5890-7 The Mass Deportation of Poles to Siberia, 1863–1880 Andrew A. Gentes (Cham, Switzerland
The Republics of Tyva and Altai
Joan F. Chevalier
This interdisciplinary study presents an overview of local and federal policies affecting language education in southern Siberia in the Republic of Altai and the Republic of Tyva. In the 1990s, as part of a broader effort to revitalize local languages, educational policies were adopted that aimed to strengthen local language education. Since 2005, in part due to federal education reforms, priorities in language education have shifted. Grassroots support for strengthening local language education has faded with the introduction of federally mandated high stakes testing. The comparison of policies in these two regions highlights the negative effects of federal education reforms on local language education.
Joachim Otto Habeck
This special issue of Sibirica comprises a selection of papers presented at the conference “'Everything is still before you“: being young in Siberia today' (Halle, November 2003). This introduction opens with a short review of the conventional social-sciences approach toward youth (especially indigenous youth) as an 'object of concern'. A brief summary of the subsequent papers follows, highlighting several crosscutting themes: (1) the concept of youth, the process of becoming an adult and the expectations connected with it; (2) acquisition of knowledge within and outside formal education; and (3) sports, music and games as meaningful and creative spheres of social interaction. The introduction concludes with the argument that the ambit of 'Siberian' anthropology can be significantly enlarged through the integration of sociological and cultural studies approaches and methods into ethnographic inquiry.
Alison K. Smith
In histories of the settlement of Siberia, the eighteenth century is often glossed over. As the story goes, a first wave of Cossacks and servitors ( sluzhilye liudi ) at the end of the sixteenth century was quickly followed by the movement of
Translator : Tatiana Argounova-Low
. Siberia, a region stretching from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean on the east coast is an example of the discrepancy between a large territory and a low population density. This Asiatic part of Russia is comprised of three federal okrugs—the Ural
of the costs, benefits, constraints, and opportunities of different patterns and means of mobility. Evenki Mobility The peoples of the Eastern Siberia forage and migrate in semi-mountainous region of forest, rivers, lakes, bogs, and tundra. The
A. E. Nordenskiöld’s Three Expeditions to the North Asian Coast, 1875–1879
Seija A. Niemi
environmental history in order to highlight Nordenskiöld’s contribution to the history of North Asia and Siberia. The Finnish environmental historian Laura Hollsten suggests that environmental history is an appropriate instrument with which to study the complex
Issues of Conservation, Digitization, and Scientific Use
The history of Siberian newspapers, as in many Russian provinces, starts with provincial broadsheets ( vedomosti ). In Siberia, they were launched for the first time in 1857, 20 years later than in the European part of the country. Provincial