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Mega-Plantations in Southeast Asia

Landscapes of Displacement

Miles Kenney-Lazar and Noboru Ishikawa

Southeast Asia has become one of the world's hot spots for industrial agriculture and tree plantation development. The region is the source of 76 percent of the world's natural rubber, 86 percent of the world's palm oil, and 59 percent of the

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Between Intention and Implementation

Recent Legal Reforms on Child Marriage in Contemporary Malaysia

Nurul Huda Mohd. Razif

Kelantan ’, in G.W. Jones , T.H. Hull and M. Mohamad (eds), Changing Marriage Patterns in Southeast Asia: Economic and Socio-Cultural Dimensions ( London : Routledge ), 156 – 170 . McCleary-Sills , J. , L. Hanmer , J. Parsons and J

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States, hinterlands, and governance in Southeast Asia

Jonathan Friedman

James Scott, The art of not being governed: An anarchist history of upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009, pp. 464, ISBN 0300152280.

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The Case of Japan

How COVID-19 Impacted the Procurement and Lives of Migrant Healthcare Workers

Mario Ivan López and Shun Ohno

, nurses and care workers from Southeast Asia have entered the workforce as part of a strategy to cover labor deficits. In early 2020, Japan's dynamic societal context was severely affected by SARS-CoV-2 (henceforth COVID-19) that spread across Japan

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Repositioning security spaces of exclusion, exception, and integration in China–Southeast Asia borderlands

Zhiding Hu and Victor Konrad

To gain understanding of changing security space at borders in globalization, it is necessary to comprehend borderlands evolution. Emerging borderlands between China and Southeast Asia provide an opportunity to examine a complex of economic

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Illiberal Democracy, Modernisation and Southeast Asia

Kenneth Christie

The emergence of an ‘Asian’ form of democracy in distinction to a liberal Western one has called into question longstanding assumptions that economic development leads to democracy, which was a mainstay of modernisation theory from the early 1960s to the present day (i.e. Lipset 1959; Diamond 1992).2 This article will examine some of the assumptions behind Asian democracy (sometimes called ‘illiberal democracy’), its relationship with economic development and the difficulties and tensions between these propositions in Southeast Asia in relation to modernisation and political change.

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Environmental reconfigurations and livelihood transformations in rural Southeast Asia

James F. Eder

English abstract: Degradation and reconfiguration of natural resources in coastal and upland Southeast Asia have set in motion a characteristic process of rural livelihood diversification with significant implications for gender roles and economic well-being. Drawing primarily on case material from the Philippines, this paper explores the transformations in household economies that have accompanied the search for more profitable and sustainable livelihoods and suggests how state and NGO interventions might encourage an entrepreneurial and economically desirable pattern of household-level diversification instead of a debilitating and wage-labor based pattern of individual-level diversification. These interventions include an expanded role for credit; skills training and related forms of support, particularly for women; protection of newly developing household enterprises from competition from large commercial operations; and more consensual and socially equitable forms of environmental governance.

Spanish abstract: La degradación y la reconfiguración de los recursos naturales en zonas costeras y tierras altas del sudeste asiático han impulsado un proceso particular de diversificación de los medios de vida rurales, con significativas consecuencias para los roles de género y el bienestar económico. A partir de una investigación realizada por el autor en las Filipinas, este trabajo explora las transformaciones de la economía de los hogares que han acompañado la búsqueda de medios de vida más rentables y sostenibles. Además, sugiere que las intervenciones del gobierno y de las ONG pueden fomentar un proceso de diversificación de ingresos en la economía de los hogares (household economies), emprendedor y económicamente deseable, en lugar de un modelo de diversificación individual debilitante basado en la relación entre salario y empleo. Estas intervenciones incluyen un rol ampliado de las formas de crédito, capacitacion y otras formas de apoyo, específicos para mujeres, protección de las nacientes empresas familiares frente a la competencia de grandes granjas comerciales, y formas de gobernanza medioambiental más consensuales y socialmente responsables.

French abstract: La dégradation et la reconfiguration des ressources naturelles sur les côtes et les hautes terres de l'Asie du Sud Est ont entamé un processus caractéristique de la diversification des moyens de subsistance en milieu rural, avec des implications considérables pour les rôles de genre et le bien-être économique. Se basant principalement sur des données venant des Philippines, cet article examine les transformations des revenus des ménages qui ont accompagné la recherche de moyens de subsistance plus durables et plus profitables. En outre, l'article suggère de quelle façon les interventions de l'État et des ONG peuvent encourager un modèle audacieux et économiquement souhaitable de diversification au niveau des ménages, au lieu d'un modèle de diversification au niveau de l'individu, débilitant et basé sur la relation salaire/travail. Ces interventions comprennent un rôle accru du crédit, des formations professionnelles et des formes de soutien apparentées (en particulier pour les femmes), la protection des entreprises des ménages tout juste en développement vis à vis de la compétition avec les grandes exploitations commerciales, ainsi que des formes de gouvernance environnementale plus consensuelles et socialement équitables.

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Variants of Frontier Mimesis

Colonial Encounter and Intercultural Interaction in the Lao-Vietnamese Uplands

Oliver Tappe

The history of upland ethnic groups in mainland Southeast Asia shows that they adopted a variety of mimetic practices with the aim of negotiating a beneficial relationship with lowland empires ( Jonsson 2014 ; Tappe 2015b ). State actors from the

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Beyond the Glittering Golden Buddha Statues

Difference and Self-transformation through Buddhist Volunteer Tourism in Thailand

Brooke Schedneck

. 2007 . “ Authenticity, Tourism, and Self-Discovery in Thailand: Self-creation and the Discerning Gaze of Trekkers and Old Hands .” Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia 22 ( 2 ): 153 – 178 . 10.1355/SJ22-2A Kontogeorgopoulos , Nick

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ASEAN's “actorness” and “effectiveness” regarding the COVID-19 pandemic

Vincent Rollet

While health became an important dimension on the agenda of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) from the 1980s onward, when ASEAN health ministers decided to meet regularly “to strengthen and coordinate regional collaboration in