The perestroika period (1985–1991) and the fall of the Soviet Union have received a great deal of attention in scholarly literature, but only a few studies have explored the detailed dynamics of conceptual change in this period. 1 This article
The Conceptual Innovation of “Self-Management” in Soviet Estonia
the Communist Bloc together. It was an attempt to create an international communist community of sinologists, but it seems to have been unsuccessful. Since the beginning of the Cold War, under the leadership of the Soviet Union, communist states across
The War after the Victory
Vitaly Bezrogov and Dorena Caroli
What changes did the content, structure, and production of Russian primers published in the Soviet Union undergo between 1941 and 1948—that is, during the Second World War and its aftermath? This article answers this question by analyzing language, content, iconography, and the printing process. The first section addresses key characteristics of primers printed between 1941 and 1944, while the second section focuses on the content of postwar primers printed between 1945 and 1948. The final section addresses challenges facing the textbook approval and circulation process experienced by the State Pedagogical Publishing House of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1945 to 1948.
Evolving Soviet Atheist Critiques of Religion and Why They Matter for Anthropology
This article offers a critique of the common notion in contemporary anthropology that a positive attitude toward the people under study is a necessary precondition for a sophisticated understanding of their social world. The empirical sociology of religion that evolved during the last decades of the Soviet Union's existence started from the premise that religion was a harmful phenomenon slated for disappearance. Nonetheless, atheist sociologists produced increasingly complex accounts of religious life in modern socialist societies. Their ideological framework simultaneously constrained Soviet scholars and forced them to pay closer attention to religious phenomena that contradicted political expectations. Drawing on this extreme example of militant atheist scholarship, I argue that studying 'repugnant cultural others' always requires some form of affective motivation. Antagonism can be as powerful, and as problematic, a motivating force as empathetic suspension of judgment.
Socialist Masculinity as Private-Public Performance in the Kamanin Diaries
Erica L. Fraser and Kateryna Tonkykh
parameters of respectability for the post-Stalin socialist man. Nikolai Petrovich Kamanin was born in 1908 and was a lifelong serviceman in the Soviet military. As a pilot, he was awarded the rare Hero of the Soviet Union title in 1934, one of the first
This article investigates cultural trends and promotion of cultural establishments in the northeastern USSR in the 1950s and 1960s. I examine the relationships of the government and intellectual network in the context of new sociocultural policy in the unusual conditions of the outgoing Dalstroy epoch. The Magadan Region underwent a kind of “perestroika” in this period, but it was a “perestroika” within the outlined ideological boundaries and under conditions of strict party control. The cultural policy and authorities’ activity on background changes in public-political life was directed on “de-Dalstroy” process by formation new regional identity and creation of numerous new avenues of regional self-expression in the form of institutions, creative unions, and organizations.
Ideals, Dreams, and Nightmares
Rochelle Goldberg Ruthchild
Kelly Hignett, Melanie Ilic, Dalia Leinarte, and Corina Snitar, Women's Experiences of Repression in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe , London: Routledge, 2018, xiii, 196 pp., $123.09 (hardback), ISBN 978-1-138-04692-4. Lisa Kirschenbaum
Ekaterina Tikhonyuk and Mark McKinney
John Etty, Graphic Satire in the Soviet Union: Krokodil' s Political Cartoons (Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2019). 276 pp. ISBN: 978-1496821089 ($30) John Etty's recent book represents a holistic and meticulous study of
Anti-Immigrant Attitudes and Support for the Alternative for Germany among Russian-Germans
Michael A. Hansen and Jonathan Olsen
emigrated to Russia in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Russian-Germans came to Germany in large numbers in the wake of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of communism in the Soviet Union after 1991. Because of their ethnic German background
Elisabeth Timm and Patrick Laviolette
next issue. With the passing of Ina-Maria Greverus in 2017, AJEC is now orphaned from its two founding editors. At a time when the Soviet Union was collapsing and Europe would begin facing even more drastic changes, Grevenus and Giordano had the