The Santa Claus figure, the Christmas tree and decorations that are associated with this Christian holiday have been adopted by liberal consumers in Turkey, a Muslim country. These Turks envisage Santa Claus, in his trademark red suit, as a gift bearer on the occasion of New Year's Eve. This societal development has consolidated the cultural distance not only between the upper and lower classes but also between the established middle class and the flourishing, new conservative middle class. In protest, the religiously conservative have produced sombre 'alternative gatherings' to remind Turks of their Muslim heritage.
Marcos Farias Ferreira, Máiréad Nic Craith, Markéta Slavková, Linda M. Mülli, Mariann Vaczi, Annika Lems, and Işıl Karataş
Nicholas (the saint of the children) on his home visits in Alpine villages, carrying a cane to punish those who did not behave well. In the days leading up to St Nicholas’ day, packs of Krampuses can be found running wild through the streets of villages and
St. Nicholas and The Youth’s Companion were “portraying young Americans who were capable of succeeding in contemporary society” (2015: 150). Frank Merriwell’s popularity can also be seen as part of this trend. As Anderson puts it, for devoted
India Office Surgeons, medical staff transcription, Frederick Forbes, St. Nicholas, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 22 November 1808. 3 Theodore named her Ann MacDonell in his will, though their son, Frederick, regularly gave “his mother” or “Isobel MacDonald
the skin albeit for different reasons. Is loving a black skin colour a dislike of certain weaknesses associated with wearing a pink skin colour? Is painting oneself black as Peter in the replay of the feast of St Nicholas a residual unconscious