Territory is an elusive concept. It is material and ideological. It is a product of collectivity and an object of control. Territory is inextricably social. Territory has much in common with closely related concepts such as property, place, or
Sarah Besky and Jonathan Padwe
Policing and the Juridification of Soldiering
Eyal Ben-Ari and Uzi Ben-Shalom
The activities of the ground forces of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (hereafter, Territories) of the West Bank, including areas controlled by the Palestinian Authority, have often been described as
In a recent article published in the Israel Defense Forces’ (IDF) strategic journal Bein HaKtavim , Major-General (Res.) Gershon HaCohen (2018) outlines his strategic vision for the Israeli ‘frontier’, that is, the West Bank territories
The Design Mode of Interwar Engineering in Belgium
Greet De Block and Bruno De Meulder
This article traces the implicit spatial project of Belgian engineers during the interwar period. By analyzing infrastructure planning and its inscribed spatial ideas as well as examining the hybrid modernity advocated by engineers and politicians, this article contributes to both urban and transport history.
Unlike colleagues in countries such as Germany, Italy and the United States, Belgian engineers were not convinced that highways offered a salutary new order to a nation traumatized by the First World War. On the contrary, the Ponts et Chaussées asserted that this new limited access road would tear apart the densely populated areas and the diverse regional identities in Belgium. In their opinion, only an integration of existing and new infrastructure could harmonize the historically fragmented and urbanized territory. Tirelessly, engineers produced infrastructure plans, strategically interweaving different transport systems, which had to result in an overall transformation of the territory to facilitate modern production and export logics.
Nicholas Parlato, Gail Fondahl, Viktoriya Filippova, and Antonina Savvinova
; Sirina 2010 ; Stammler and Ivanova 2016a & b). 1 In this struggle, the spatiolegal formations known as Territories of Traditional Nature Use (TTPs) have proven the most effective tool in asserting their constitutional and federally secured rights
On Anthropological Engagements with Environmental Social Movements
Ståle Knudsen and Arturo Escobar
Arturo Escobar, Territories of Difference: Place, Movements, Life, Redes (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008), 465 pp. ISBN 9780822343448.
Until recently, broadcasting in Europe has been seen by historians and broadcasters alike as intricately related to national territory. Starting immediately after the Second World War, when West German national territory was still uncertain, this article explores how the broadcasting space of the Federal Republic (FRG) shaped and was shaped by material, institutional, and discursive developments in European broadcasting spaces from the end of World War II until the early 1960s. In particular, it examines the border regimes defined by overlapping zones of circulation via broadcasting, including radio hardware, signals and cultural products such as music. It examines these spaces in part from the view of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the federation of (then) Western public service broadcasters in Europe. By reconstructing the history of broadcasting in the Federal Republic within the frame of attempts to regulate European broadcasting spaces, it aims to show how territorial spaces were transgressed, transformed, or reinforced by the emerging global conflict.
Relationships with Roman Roads and Contemporary Livestock Trails
Alejandro Fornell Muñoz and Francisco Guerrero
Within the framework of the new environmental history, this article focuses on the interaction between historical human societies and a given natural environment. Specifically, we study the spatial relationships between wetlands, Roman roads, and contemporary livestock trails, with the aim of verifying the role of wetlands as a support of territory planning since antiquity to the present. The documentation used includes geographical and ecological manuscripts together with ancient sources (texts, archaeology). Our results demonstrate an overlapping that remarks the importance of wetlands in the study area’s territorial ordering during various historical moments. This result also opens the possibility of applying this reality to others parts of the Mediterranean region with the same climatological conditions and a similar history. The clear heritage value of the wetlands are compelling enough to take the necessary protection measures for their conservation in the face of the growing threat of their deterioration and disappearance.
Nir Gazit and Yagil Levy
literature by focusing on the patterns and trends of military policing in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) and along the border with the Gaza Strip. The articles were among the papers presented at the conference “Military and Policing” that was held
The Seventh International Road Congress, Germany 1934
In transnational history of traffic, transport, and mobility, historians have been arguing for studying organizations as “transnational system builders” in the establishment and modification of transnational infrastructure. Emphasis has been placed on examining human actors. Here, I argue that the role of material objects, the nonhuman actors, should also be taken into account by investigating how a particular map matters. The major research issue is, therefore: How can we understand and analyze how the Nazi regime put the map Deutschlandkarte displayed at the exhibition Die Strasse (Munich, 1934) into play? In addition, how did the map figure in transnational system building during and after the seventh International Road Congress arranged by the Permanent International Association of Road Congresses? Insights from transnational history in the fields of traffic, transport, and mobility as well as material cultural studies, critical mapping, and actor-network theory inform this article.