Cinematic tradition suggests that Hollywood films, like plays, are divided into acts. Thompson (1999) streamlined the conception of this largescale film structure by suggesting that most films are composed of four acts of generally equal length—the setup, the complicating action, the development, and the climax (often including an epilog). These acts are based on the structure of the narrative, and would not necessarily have a physical manifestation in shots and transitions. Nonetheless, exploring a sample of 150 Hollywood style films from 1935 to 2005, this article demonstrates that acts shape shot lengths and transitions. Dividing films into quarters, we found that shots are longer at quarter boundaries and generally shorter near the middle of each quarter. Moreover, aside from the beginnings and ends of films, the article shows that fades, dissolves, and other non-cut transitions are more common in the third and less common in the fourth quarters of films.
James E. Cutting, Kaitlin L. Brunick, and Jordan E. Delong
An Interdisciplinary Conversation
Cristina Temenos, Anna Nikolaeva, Tim Schwanen, Tim Cresswell, Frans Sengers, Matt Watson, and Mimi Sheller
Introduction ( Cristina Temenos and Anna Nikolaeva ) How people will move, en masse and individually, is a key question facing a transition to a post- or low-carbon future. While measures seeking to reduce mobility-related emissions are
What Can We Learn from Hybridity?
transitional justice this can include a managed form of hybridity, deliberately bringing together the international and local in order to create more legitimate mechanisms and processes, or it can include reference to trying to understand more spontaneous forms
Corinna Mullin and Ian Patel
To me, this is cinema. … Some players and officials want to reduce our transitional justice misfortunes and sufferings to mere historical anecdotes that we have to forget before any accountability and compensation. … Most associations, especially
Marco Sonnberger and Michael Ruddat
The transition to renewable energy in Germany is an enormous task. It requires long-term and intensive communication as well as the cooperation of all societal groups and systems (politics, economy, science, civil society, and citizens). The
Tracing transnational practices of Albanian migrants in Athens
home and in the country of migration. This is reported by interlocutors as an experience of “permanent transition.” Consequently, despite their strategic behavior, this category of transnational actors does not automatically acquire more spatial choice
Legal Rupture in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Mikael Baaz and Mona Lilja
showcase of liberal post–Cold War transitional justice and state building, the Agreements on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict (henceforth the Paris Peace Agreements) were signed in Paris on 23 October 1991 under UN supervision
The Case of the Transition Network in Portugal
Vera Ferreira and António Carvalho
This article explores narratives and characteristics of sociological transitions displayed by members of the Transition Network (TN) in Portugal. It is informed by scholarly work on grassroots innovations, sociological transition narratives, and environmental engagement in Portugal. It furthers this research in three ways: (1) it analyzes an original case study—the Portuguese TN; (2) it identifies and defines the various socioecological narratives conveyed by its participants; and (3) it interprets the TN’s sociopolitical appeal as a grassroots innovation in the context of environmental mobilization in Portugal. Drawing on 20 semistructured interviews with current and former members of the Portuguese TN, three narratives of sociological transition were identified—utopianism, inevitability, and pessimism—as well as seven characteristics that motivated interviewees’ engagement with the TN.
Girlhoods in Post-Communist Balkan Cinema
In this article, I explore how post-Communist teenagers are represented in cinema, especially in relation to consumption, by examining the Serbian film, Klip and the Romanian film, Ryna. In so doing, I analyze the representation of fatherhood in relation to these teenagers, and the representation of teenage sexuality. I examine these teenage bodies in transition within the broader scenario of countries in transition, thus making a comparison between the relationship to the West of the individual and of the region.
Negotiating, Constructing and Re-constructing Girlhood after the “Fall” in Rural Kenya
This article discusses problems of childbearing as experienced in rural Kenya by girls in their adolescence—a powerfully formative time of transition to adulthood. Findings reveal that girls face unique challenges and harsh choices when they are faced with pre-marital pregnancy such as emotional violence and abuse, early marriage, expulsion from school, unsafe abortion and poverty. Many Kenyans are calling on the government and communities to put into place policies and programs necessary for empowering girls with enough information to make a healthy and safe transition to adulthood.