This article considers Germans' relationships with other nations from a perspective of methodological cosmopolitanism. It examines the claim that everincreasing contacts with members of different nations can bring about a sense of trust in these nations. Using data from a 2006 opinion poll, it analyzes Germans' contact with and trust in six other nations. The study suggests that Germany as a whole is too large as a level of analysis. Germans' transnational relationships are better examined at a subnational level such as political districts. It is shown that transnational contact is particularly likely to occur in border regions and in parts of Germany with a high proportion of foreign residents. The two types of contact, however, have a differential effect on Germans' trust in other nations. Cross-border contact appears to be influenced by Germany's long-standing relationships with its western allies, since such contact has a positive effect on trust in western nations but not eastern ones. Conversely, multicultural contact with immigrant communities has a generally positive effect on levels of trust in other nations.
Germans' Transnational Contact and Trust in Other Nations; A Methodologically Cosmopolitan Approach
A Reading of Life of Pi
. In fact, history does not speak of the idea of nationhood as an inherent attribute of humanity; it is rather a modern notion, and Martel, in many ways breaking this theoretical construction, is moving toward the thought of transnationalism. I have
International Cooperation, Transnational Circulation
Escape, Evasion, and Resistance in France, 1940–1945
Belgium, France, or the Netherlands. From enlisting in the air forces to training, running missions, evading capture in Europe, and returning to England, their stories represent some of the clearest transnational trajectories of the Second World War. Men
Transnational Human Rights Litigation
A Means of Obtaining Effective Remedy Abroad?
Corporate impunity for human rights violations is increasingly questioned, contested, and opposed. Transnational corporations (TNCs) can no longer be sure that crimes they commit will remain unobserved, even when they occur in connection with the
Germanness or Rights? Second Generation Young Adults and Citizenship in Contemporary Germany
Scholarship on citizenship-in its definition as nationality or formal membership in the state-has been both the basis for evaluating and comparing national citizenships as "ethnocultural" or "civic," and used to imply the meaning of citizenship to prospective citizens, particularly immigrants and non-citizen residents. Doing so ignores a perspective on citizenship "from below," and oversimplifies the multiplicity of meanings that individuals may attach to citizenship. This article seeks to fill this gap in scholarship by examining young adult second-generation descendants of immigrants in Germany. The second generation occupies a unique position for examining the meaning of citizenship, based on the fact that they were born and grew up in Germany, and are thus more likely than adult immigrants to be able to become citizens as well as to claim national belonging to Germany. Among the varied meanings of citizenship are rights-based understandings, which are granted to some non-citizens and not others, as well as identitarian meanings which may depend on everyday cultural practices as well as national origin. Importantly, these meanings of citizenship are not arbitrary among the second generation; citizenship status and gender appear to inform understandings of citizenship, while national origin and transnational ties appear to be less significant for the meaning of citizenship.
Toward a Definition of Transnational Girlhood
Introduction In this article, I work with the term transnational girlhood to contribute to a dialogue about its definition and value for girls and adults working with girls. Dialogue about what constitutes transnational feminism has defined
An emotional journey of identity change and transformation: The impact of study-abroad experience on the lives and careers of Chinese students and returnees
This article discusses the nature of Chinese students' transnational experiences and its impact on their identities within and beyond national and cultural boundaries. The discussion is located in the theoretical framework of transnationalism and explores in detail the ways in which students adapt, change and develop, both in the host country of their study and also on their return to work in their home countries. Empirical evidence in the article is drawn from the findings of three studies, led by the author, which have investigated the pedagogical, sociocultural and emotional challenges that Chinese students have encountered when studying at British universities, and the perceived impact of their overseas studies on their lives and careers in their home countries. The research findings suggest that there are distinctive patterns of challenges, struggles, adjustments, change and achievement over time – all of which are embedded in the processes of socialisation, enculturation and professionalisation. Such experiences are both transitional and transformational and, most profoundly, they necessitate identity change at and across different layers of boundaries. At the heart of this identity change is a constant, emotional search for a reflexive sense of self as an embodied individual, a member of a professional group and a member of an organisation.
Transnational Politics in Video Games
The Case of German Military Intervention in “Spec Ops: The Line”
culture is firmly situated on transnational digital platforms, video games are a productive site for interrogating the potential expression of regional concerns in a globalized context and vice versa. If video games persuade, the question for the German
Between Transnational Cooperation and Nationalism
The Little Entente of Women in Czechoslovakia
Gabriela Dudeková Kováčová
's movement, and the interconnections among organizations (personal connections, mutual influences, strategies, etc.). 2 Both approaches have proved useful in researching the impact of the regional transnational women's organization known as the Little
Beyond (and Before) the Transnational Turn
Recovering Civil Disobedience as Decolonizing Praxis
Civil Disobedience and the Transnational Turn Can civil disobedience be transnationalized? This is the urgent question posed by scholars about the current landscape of grassroots dissent, as people across the globe confront poverty, violence