Based on analysis of two case studies in the Canton of Bern, this article examines the question of knowledge transfer from history to transport policy and planning in the recent past in Switzerland. It shows that for several reasons, direct knowledge transfer did not occur. In particular, historians have seldom become actively involved in transport planning and policy discourses, probably partly because the academic system offers no incentive to do so. However, historical knowledge has certainly influenced decision-making processes indirectly, via personal reflection of the actors in the world of practice or through Switzerland's strongly developed modes of political participation. Because the potential for knowledge transfer to contribute to better policy solutions has not been fully utilized, we recommend strengthening the role of existing interfaces between science and policy.
History and Transport Policy
The Swiss Experience
Ueli Haefeli, Fritz Kobi, and Ulrich Seewer
Concluding Thoughts Based on the Case of Switzerland
The way public transportation and highway policies are considered in tandem is determinant of how the means of transportation are used, and that policy choices have implications in the middle and long term as they forge path dependence. This paper discuss this issues, using the case of Switzerland—often considered a best-practice country in terms of coordination—to explore the obstacles encountered when transportation policies à la Swiss are "imported" to other countries.
Transport Infrastructure in Shrinking (East) Germany
Policy on transport infrastructure in Germany will come under increasing pressure thanks to considerable changes in basic conditions. Demographic change, shifts in economic and regional structures, continued social individualization, and the chronic budget crisis in the public sphere are forcing a readjustment of government action. At root, the impact of the changes in demographics and economic structures touches on what Germans themselves think their postwar democracy stands for. Highly consensual underlying assumptions about Germany as a model are being shaken. The doctrine that development of infrastructure is tantamount to growth and prosperity no longer holds. The experience in eastern Germany shows that more and better infrastructure does not automatically lead to more growth. Moreover, uniform government regulation is hitting limits. If the differences between boom regions and depopulated zones remain as large as they are, then it makes no sense to have the same regulatory maze apply to both cases. In transportation policy, that shift would mean recasting the legal foundations of public transport.
Beth Gutelius, Janet Gibson, Dhan Zunino Singh, Steven J. Gold, Alexandra Portmann, Peter Cox, Rudi Volti, Adrian Drummond-Cole, and Steven D. Spalding
interrelationships seriously and thus invites further work in this area. Transportation Policies and Infrastructure as Mobile Networks Sebastián Ureta Assembling Policy: Transantiago, Human Devices, and the Dream of a World-Class Society (Cambridge, MA: MIT
Diverse Driving Emotions
Exploring Chinese Migrants’ Mobilities in a Car-Dependent City
Sophie-May Kerr, Natascha Klocker, and Gordon Waitt
Immigrants in California,” Transportation 35, no. 5 (2008): 601–612; Daniel Chatman and Nicholas Klein, “Immigrants and Travel Demand in the United States: Implications for Transportation Policy and Future Research,” Public Works Transfers Management
Connected or Traversed?
Plans, Imaginaries, and the Actual State of Railway Projects in Mongolia
Maria-Katharina Lang and Baatarnaran Tsetsentsolmon
Transportation Policy, which included plans to build 6,600 kilometers of railroads in three phases. 7 The policy contemplates “a new route of competent transit traffic connecting Asia and Europe taking advantage of passing through the territory of Mongolia based