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Between Tribalism and Trust: The IPCC Under the "Public Microscope"

Silke Beck

This article explores how the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has dealt with growing public scrutiny of its workings. It reviews recent initiatives set up to respond to the Climategate controversy. An independent review of the IPCC undertaken by an international scientific umbrella body—InterAcademy Council—can be shown to have triggered one of the turning points in the debate, placing the focus of attention on the IPCC's transparency and accountability. However, the council's recommendations have been implemented by the IPCC in such a way that the issue of public trust is treated as one of effective communication. The article then explains how IPCC's responses to Climategate can be traced back to the linear model of expertise. The article concludes with a discussion why the challenge of producing policy-relevant knowledge under conditions of heightened public scrutiny also requires new forms of scientific appraisal aimed at wider publics.

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Germans' Transnational Contact and Trust in Other Nations; A Methodologically Cosmopolitan Approach

Katja Sarmiento-Mirwaldt

This article considers Germans' relationships with other nations from a perspective of methodological cosmopolitanism. It examines the claim that everincreasing contacts with members of different nations can bring about a sense of trust in these nations. Using data from a 2006 opinion poll, it analyzes Germans' contact with and trust in six other nations. The study suggests that Germany as a whole is too large as a level of analysis. Germans' transnational relationships are better examined at a subnational level such as political districts. It is shown that transnational contact is particularly likely to occur in border regions and in parts of Germany with a high proportion of foreign residents. The two types of contact, however, have a differential effect on Germans' trust in other nations. Cross-border contact appears to be influenced by Germany's long-standing relationships with its western allies, since such contact has a positive effect on trust in western nations but not eastern ones. Conversely, multicultural contact with immigrant communities has a generally positive effect on levels of trust in other nations.

Open access

Humanitarian technologies of trust

Julie Billaud

Trust in humanitarian action’ was the top item on the agenda of the 33rd International Conference of the Red Cross which took place in Geneva from 9 to 12 December 2019. The reason for such a thematic choice was, according to a statement

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Trust as affective infrastructure

Constructing the firm/community boundary in resource extraction

Adela Zhang

] obtain the relevant authorisations…[and this] social component was present throughout the process of citizen participation and public hearing.’ Rooted in confianza —trust—this component lacks the physical embodiment of many of the other infrastructural

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In Government and Scientists We Trust

Compliance during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Federal Republic of Germany

Ross Campbell

public and private spaces. These were presented as protective measures designed to alleviate the risk to public health, and all were urged to follow the restrictions in language that emphasized trust in the government's management of the crisis. This

Open access

From Vulnerability to Trust

Personal Encounters and Bordering Processes in the British Refugees Welcome Movement

Pierre Monforte and Gaja Maestri

the centrality of the principle of trust in these encounters and in the broader politics of border management. From this perspective, our analysis sheds light on the forms of engagement that go beyond humanitarianism—which can be defined as

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Investigating Australians' Trust

Findings from a National Survey

Samantha B. Meyer, Tini C. N. Luong, Paul R. Ward, George Tsourtos, and Tiffany K. Gill

Trust has been identified as an indicator within Social Quality theory. As an important component of social quality, trust has become increasingly important in modern society because literature suggests that trust in a number of democratic countries is declining. Modern technologies and specialties are often beyond the understanding of lay individuals and thus, the need for trusting relations between lay individuals and organizations/individuals has grown. The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which Australians (dis)trust individuals and organizations/institutions. A national postal survey was conducted with 1,044 respondents recruited using the electronic white pages directory. Findings from multivariate analyses suggest that income, age, sex, and health status are associated with trust in groups of individuals and trust in organizations/institutions. The findings highlight populations where trust needs to be (re)built. Future government policy and practice should utilize these findings as a means of facilitating social quality.

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The Impact of Trust on the Quality of Participation in Development

The Case of Ukraine

Tadashi Hirai

continue to exist even if group membership changes over time. Yet, it would be unrealistic to expect that all inequalities in the power structure can be eliminated. One strategy for escaping this quandary may be to enhance trust in societal relationships

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Knowledge, society, higher education and the society of control

Roar Høstaker and Agnete Vabø

Research and higher education are, to a greater extent, being governed and evaluated by other than fellow scholars. These changes are discussed in relation to Gilles Deleuze's notion of a transition from 'societies of discipline' to what he called 'societies of control'. This involves a shift from pyramidshaped organisations, built upon authority, to a set of lateral controls and hybrid power structures. This theory and its logic are compared with other theories that have been used to explain such changes in higher education: New Public Management, new modes of knowledge production, academic capitalism, trust and the role of higher education in social reproduction. The development of lateral controls is analysed in relation to the de-coupling of the state as the guarantor of academic quality, the changing status of the academic disciplines and scientific employees, managerialism, the new modularised study programmes and the changing position of external stakeholders. The article, drawing on empirical studies from higher education in Norway, suggests possible affects of the change to 'societies of control' on research, teaching and learning in higher education.

Open access

Violence, Rumor, and Elusive Trust in Mocímboa da Praia, Mozambique

Ana Margarida Sousa Santos

continued circulation of rumors can act as a deterrent to the establishment of peaceful trust relationships between political factions. Mariano's worries for his friend were born out of personal experience. During the riots that shook Mocímboa in September