-age children and very little space and time to be apart. On 20 March 2020, nurseries and schools were closed across the United Kingdom in response to the growing threat of COVID-19. Families like Jenny's were left scrambling to sort out care for their kids
Pandemic Proximity and the Lockdown Family
Hannah McNeilly and Koreen M. Reece
Which Governance Systems are Having a “Good” Pandemic?
Jennifer Gaskell and Gerry Stoker
illustrative case study of the experiences of Switzerland and the United Kingdom (UK) and conclude with some areas for further research and investigation. Qualities of Multilevel Governance Arrangements The field of multilevel governance is extensive
European Unity and the Conceptualization of Sovereignty in British Parliamentary Debates, 1945–2016
Teemu Häkkinen and Miina Kaarkoski
and conceptions of sovereignty in this context. We suggest that a historical analysis of the political debates concerning the concept of sovereignty in the single national case of the United Kingdom provides arguments for better understanding why
Causes and Commonalities
Matthew Moran and David Waddington
A number of academic studies have sought to comparatively analyze the French riots of 2005 with those that occurred in England in 2011, yet these have been limited in their scope and depth. In this article, we set out a more comprehensive analysis of the causes and underlying meaning of these episodes of collective disorder through a systematic application of the Flashpoints Model of Public Disorder to each case. The argument identifies and considers points of overlap and tension between the various causal factors underpinning the respective riots, engaging with both the background causes (long- and short-term) and the ‘triggering’ event that prompted a latent potential for violence to become manifest as rioting. In addition to providing an analytical framework for the comparative study of these important episodes of rioting, the article constitutes a response to recent criticisms regarding the explanatory scope of the flashpoints model and demonstrates the continued relevance of the model as a robust conceptual framework within which the anatomy of collective disorder can be dissected and understood.
Report on a Survey, 1997–2000
In the year 2001, Bevis Marks Synagogue celebrates its Tercentenary. Situated on the fringes of the City of London, this historic synagogue has been in continuous use since it was opened in 1701. As the oldest Jewish place of worship and the only Grade I Listed synagogue in the country, Bevis Marks bears silent testimony to the stability of Jewish life in Britain after 350 years. Ever since the Readmission (1656) during the Puritan Revolution, Jews have enjoyed uninterrupted settlement in Britain, a record unrivalled anywhere else in Europe.
Commemoration, Contestation, and Migrant Integration in the United Kingdom and Germany
Barbara Laubenthal and Kevin Myers
Based on key concepts of memory studies, this article investigates how immigration is remembered in two different societies: the United Kingdom and Germany. Starting from the assumption that social remembering has the potential to encourage the integration of migrants, we analyze in several case studies how civil society organizations and government actors remember historical immigration processes and how the immigrant past is reflected in popular culture. Our analysis shows that both countries have several factors in common with regard to the role of immigration in collective memory. A common feature is the marginal status accorded to migration and, when it is remembered, the highly restricted role offered to immigrants. However, our studies also reveal that memory can become an important mode for the integration of migrants if it is used as a form of political activism and if organizations proactively use the past to make demands for the incorporation of immigrants.
German Reactions to Brexit
thought that the outcome would mirror the result of the Scottish independence referendum of September 2014, in which 55 percent voted to remain in the United Kingdom. Fissures within the British electorate were clear. London, Scotland, Northern Ireland
A Qualitative Enquiry
Maya Shabi and Walid El Ansari
Informal Jewish educational settings are places that both affect Jewish Identity and transmit Jewish knowledge (Chazan, 1991). For instance, Jewish youth movements provide young people with social, cultural, and informal educational Jewish experiences outside of the classroom setting (Reisman, 1991). Chazan (1991) explained informal education as ‘an activity that is freely chosen by a person and that is very dependent on that person’s active involvement and positive motivation. It is not effected in any special place, but may happen in a variety of settings and venues’. Hence, informal education is not based on the fixed curriculum or grading systems which are characteristic of schools, although, it should reflect a well-defined set of goals, contents, and programmes (Chazan, 1991).
Staying and leaving as tactics of life in Latvia
farm work used to be carried out by temporary guest workers from within the United Kingdom and Ireland. The dispossessed rural Latvians—and other Eastern Europeans—fit the bill and were actively recruited after 2004 under a gang employment structure
-German public presentation. 5 The United Kingdom faced similar problems because the financial crisis had pushed it into an almost existential crisis of its banking sector. For the British Labour government led by Gordon Brown, the recapitalization of major uk