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Emily Bent

gathered inside the United Nations (UN) to commemorate the International Day of the Girl Child (IDG) with an event called Girls Speak Out ( GSO ), organized annually by the Working Group on Girls (WGG) and hosted by the Missions of Canada, Peru, and

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Making It Up

Intergenerational Activism and the Ethics of Empowering Girls

Emily Bent

cheering. It was International Women’s Day and the start of the United Nations (UN) Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), an annual meeting of UN member states, agencies, and civil society working to prepare policy recommendations on issues related to

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The French Empire Goes to San Francisco

The Founding of the United Nations and the Limits of Colonial Reform

Jessica Lynne Pearson

, March 1945 As World War II was drawing to a close, political leaders, government officials, policy experts, and journalists began to ponder how a new postwar international organization of united nations could prevent war in a way that the League of

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Corporate Sustainability

An Academic Review

Varhese Joy

the Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Over the years, GRI has gone through various iterations, and it has frequently updated its focus areas. Initially, the prime focus was only on

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Nationalism and Internationalism Reconciled

British Concepts for a New World Order during and after the World Wars

Antero Holmila and Pasi Ihalainen

rethink foreign policy in connection with League or United Nations membership—and in related press comments. The simultaneous analysis of parliamentary and press sources integrates two leading interconnected forums on which government foreign policy was

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Negotiating international development

The making of the Millennium Development Goals

Iris Borowy

English abstract: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) evolved in the competition between two perspectives on development: one that sees the reasons for poverty and misery in the specificities of the countries concerned (the localist view) and another that looks at the global context, including and especially the policies of “developed” high-income countries (the globalist view). The core of the MDGs emerged in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and shifted the public focus from the globalist approaches of recent United Nations (UN) conferences to a localist approach. Subsequent UN discussions broadened the perspective again, leading to a more hybrid final form. In the process, goals on equitable trade and financial relations, on market access for products from the Least Developed Countries and on HIV/AIDS and malaria were added, while a goal on access to reproductive health was dropped. Meanwhile, inherent economic–environmental contradictions have remained unresolved.

Spanish abstract: Los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM) evolucionaron a través de la competencia entre dos puntos de vista sobre el desarrollo: uno que ve las razones de la pobreza y la miseria en las especificidades de los países en cuestión (la visión localista) y otro que las ve en el contexto global, incluyendo especialmente las políticas de los países “desarrollados” de altos ingresos (la visión globalista). El núcleo de los ODM surgió en la Organización para la Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE) y cambió la perspectiva pública de enfoques globalistas de las conferencias recientes de Naciones Unidas por un enfoque localista. Discusiones posteriores de las Naciones Unidas ampliaron la perspectiva de nuevo, dando lugar a una forma final más híbrida. A lo largo de este proceso, se añadieron metas sobre el comercio justo y las relaciones financieras, el acceso a los mercados para los productos de los países menos adelantados, el VIH/SIDA y la malaria, mientras que se redujo el objetivo del acceso a la salud reproductiva. Mientras tanto, las contradicciones inherentes a temas económicos y ambientales han quedado sin resolver.

French abstract: Les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) ont évolué entre deux points de vue concurrents sur le développement : celui qui voit les causes de la pauvreté et de la misère dans les spécificités des pays concernés — la vision localiste — et un autre qui prend en considération le contexte mondial, y compris surtout les politiques des pays «développés» -la vision mondialiste-. Le noyau des OMD a émergé au sein de l'OCDE et il a détourné l'attention publique des approches globalistes des conférences récentes des Nations Unies vers une approche localiste. Les discussions ultérieures des Nations Unies ont de nouveau élargi la perspective, conduisant finalement à une forme plus hybride. Au cours de ce processus, les objectifs en matière de commerce équitable et de relations financières, l'accès aux marchés pour les produits des pays les moins avancés et ceux qui concernent le VIH / sida et le paludisme ont été ajoutés, tandis que l'objectif de l'accès à la santé reproductive a été abandonné alors que les contradictions inhérentes à l'économie et à l'environnement sont restées en suspens

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Navigating Shifting Regimes of Ocean Governance

From UNCLOS to Sustainable Development Goal 14

Ana K. Spalding and Ricardo de Ycaza

Ocean Governance Among existing international institutions with oversight over the ocean, the United Nations System is the largest, most encompassing, and most influential. Notably, it hosts UNCLOS. Within the UN System, the International Maritime

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Marco Ricceri

plan, to realize their main objective in the context of the institutional framework established by the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations ( UN 2015 )? The quality of this development will be discussed in the sections on the

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Decolonizing “La Brousse

Rural Medicine and Colonial Authority in Cameroon

Sarah C. Runcie

former colonial powers would shape new Cameroonian institutions. As a former United Nations (UN) trust territory, Cameroon was a place where international organizations, including the WHO, had played a distinct role compared to other European colonies in

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Speaking Back, Striking Back

Calls for Local Agency and Good Fieldwork in Development Encounters

Eugenie Reidy

fieldwork cited here came from a period spent working as an anthropologist for a United Nations East Africa regional office from 2012 to 2015, based in Nairobi with lots of travel to ‘the field’. While the examples reflect a particular set of sociopolitical