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Germany and the United States

Whither “Partners in Leadership”?

Matthew Rhodes

Background Distance and comparative brevity leave German-American history less traumatic than that between Germany and most of Europe. At the time the United States declared independence in 1776, Germany remained divided into roughly 300 principalities

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Argentina and the United States’ “Gender Situations” in Eduarda Mansilla de García's Trip Memoirs (1882)

Linda Gruen

travel narrative by clarifying that “It is not possible to talk about the United States without covering a bit about its politics” (1882: 26). Perhaps Mansilla's elite class status made her literary activities seem to be a genteel pastime, a situation

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Movement, Practice, and a Musical Tradition between Mexico and the United States

Alejandro Miranda

-constitutive relationships. I draw on the ethnographic study of son jarocho , a musical practice currently sustained and reproduced by interconnected groups of practitioners across different locations, mostly in the United States and Mexico. In 2013, I conducted

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Welfare Systems in Europe and the United States

Conservative Germany Converging toward the Liberal US Model?

Martin Seeleib-Kaiser

This article demonstrates how the Conservative system of social protection in Germany has been converging toward the Liberal American model during the past two decades, focusing on social protection for the unemployed and pensioners. In addition to public/statutory provisions, occupational welfare is also covered. Despite an overall process of convergence, we continue to witness stark dissimilarities in the arrangements for social protection outsiders: whereas Germany continues to constitutionally guarantee a legal entitlement to minimum social protection for all citizens, such a guarantee does not exist in the United States. The lack of such legal entitlement for poor people of working age, combined with the criminalization of the "dangerous class," is a key differentiating characteristic of the US model at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The findings confirm but also qualify Franz-Xaver Kaufmann's analysis of the United States as "capitalism," which lacks collective welfare responsibility for all citizens, as compared to Germany's "welfare state."

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The Case of the United States

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Social Connectedness and Isolation in Low-Income Communities

Allison A. Parsons, Danielle Maholtz, Jamaica Gilliam, Haleigh Larson, Dan Li, Sophia J. Zhao, Brita Roy, and Carley Riley

vital condition for health and well-being ( Milstein et al. 2020 ). However, inequities in social networks exist in the United States, in part due to historical and contemporary practices of socioeconomic and racial segregation ( Putnam 2016 ). Families

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Aspects of Revision in History in Great Britain and the United States, 1920-1975

William Palmer

This article concerns "revision in history," which refers to the process by which existing conceptions about what constitutes good history are challenged and replaced by different approaches. Between roughly 1920 and 1975 there were several periods of historical revision in Great Britain and the United States. My article argues that each was brought about by a combination of dissatisfaction on the part of historians with existing approaches, the influence of ideas from other disciplines, and changes going on in the world at the time.

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Documents and the bureaucratisation of alternative dispute resolution in the United States

Amanda J. Reinke

the United States in response to civil rights and feminist movements as means of providing low-cost, accessible and community-driven forms of justice to underserved populations, while simultaneously relieving court dockets ( Brown et al. 1997 ; Reinke

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Italy and the United States

The Politics and Poetics of 'The Southern Problem'

Michael Kreyling

Both nations were ‘made’ in the 1860s. One was proclaimed on March 17, 1861; the other began a doomed civil war for its autonomy on April 12, 1861. The architect of Italian unification, Count Camillo Cavour, did not live to see the national reality; he died a few months after the proclamation. Abraham Lincoln died before national unity was reclaimed. As a policy of unification, the victorious North dissolved monasteries without anticipating negative effects on employment and social services for the poor. The victorious North dissolved the slave labour system in the defeated states without adequately anticipating the effect on employment and social services for the poor and black. In the southern regions of Italy the primary organisation for agricultural land use was a large holding, usually owned by one family, and rented to peasants: latifundia. In the southern regions of the United States the primary organization for agricultural land use was a large holding, usually owned by one family, and worked by slave labour: plantations. Southerners in the new Italy tended to view their civilisation as separate from the new nation, ‘an ancient and glorious nation in its own right’.1 Southerners in the US tended to view their civilisation as separate within the nation as a whole, ‘ancient’ by New World standards, and ‘glorious’ by virtue of its traditions.

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The Post-Deportation Desperation and Refunneling of Aspirations of the Mexicans Deported from the United States

Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna

Mexicans were planning to remigrate to the United States (US). 1 Nicholas De Genova 2 writes that the autonomy of deportation, or autonomy against the “predicament of deportation … ensures that state power never has the last word.” Other authors claim

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German Refugee Rabbis in the United States and the Formation of ‘the Last Generation of the German Rabbinate’

Cornelia Wilhelm

Emigration had been on their minds for years, and a surprising number of them made exploratory trips to Palestine, Switzerland or the United States after 1933. The United States, the case study presented here, crystallised into their favoured emigration