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Zaindi Choltaev and Michaela Pohl

This article discusses the hostage tragedy in Beslan (North Ossetia) and its connection to Russia's war in Chechnya and to Vladimir Putin's domestic policies. The authors argue that Russia is embracing the war on terror, but Russia's leaders are not really interested in putting an end to the terror. They have not made an effort to find out or tell the truth about its causes, to fight the all-pervasive corruption that is an important factor in all of the latest major attacks, nor to find convincing social and political solutions in Chechnya. The current initiatives leave society with lies and terromania and strengthen those who profit from a continuation of the war on terror and the war in Chechnya.

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Iver B. Neumann

Vladimir Putin years, this xenophobic nationalist position steadfastly gained ground by largely incorporating another version of nationalism of long standing in Russia, namely, spiritual nationalism. In response to developments in Ukraine, but also to

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Germany and Russia Since Reunification

Continuity, Change, and the Role of Leaders

Randall Newnham

Red Army’s withdrawal in 1994 is also still very much alive— as seen in the life stories of the current leaders of the two countries. It is striking that Chancellor Angela Merkel can speak Russian and Vladimir Putin German, as a result of their common

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Jakob Rigi

On 22 October 2003, Michael Khodorkovsky, the richest man in Russia and the director of Yukos, one of the largest Russian companies, was arrested at gunpoint in Novosibirsk airport and transferred to Moscow. A few months earlier, one of his deputies, Platon Lebedev, had been arrested on 3 July 2003. In the months that followed the arrest of Lebedev, the general prosecutor raided the offices of Yukos and Menatep, a major shareholder of Yukos. On 17 October 2003, Vasily Shakhnovsky, a Yukos shareholder, was detained for tax evasion. Another major shareholder, Leonid Nevzlin, was accused of conspiracy to commit murder and fled to Israel. One of Yukos’s security guards was also accused as a culprit in this conspiracy and was imprisoned. The general prosecutor subjected the company to a series of raids and restrictions that led to the decline of the value of its shares and brought it to the verge of bankruptcy by the middle of August 2004. Officially, all of these actions occurred because of Yukos’s illegal economic dealings and tax frauds, but the real reasons were that Khodorkovsky had dared to criticize publicly the president of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin; that he had funded rival political parties; and that he had also toyed with the idea of entering politics himself and becoming a presidential candidate. Since the conflict between Yukos and the state is a good illustration of the contradictory relation between state and capital in Russia, let me give a brief description of Yukos’s history.

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Germany and the United States

Whither “Partners in Leadership”?

Matthew Rhodes

held a rotating Security Council seat), at nato (where it blocked talks requested by Turkey on possible spillover of the conflict), and in a series of trilateral summits with Presidents Vladimir Putin of Russia and Jacques Chirac of France. Bush

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Experiencing, Using, and Teaching History

Two History Teachers’ Relations to History and Educational Media

Robert Thorp

. Teacher 2 adopted a similar approach. During the first lesson observed, pupils were given an assignment that challenged them to explain why the world looks as it does today (as a hint to his pupils, the teacher noted that Vladimir Putin’s present

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Yet Another Grand Coalition

The Social Democrats at the Crossroads

Andreas M. Wüst

instability—in light of Brexit and the foreign policies of Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, and Recep Tayyip Erdogan—and the more generalized distrust in political elites, it is advantageous to have a veteran chancellor and experienced parties in government. An

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Enemies of the people

Theorizing dispossession and mirroring conspiracy in the Republic of Georgia

Katrine Bendtsen Gotfredsen

May 2011, Saakashvili implied that protesters were controlled by Moscow (with Vladimir Putin essentially representing continuity with the Soviet system). He concluded that while there may be a “minority” of people identifying with Soviet times: “We are

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Nefissa Naguib, Pauline Peters, Nancy Ries, Murray Garde, Zhiying Ma and Frédéric Keck

examination of the lads’ culture is useful for understanding the logic and projection of violence into wider and higher spheres of Russian economy and politics. Her depiction of the practices and ethos of Kazan’s street gangs may help to make sense of Vladimir

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Introduction

Pegida as a European Far-Right Populist Movement

Helga Druxes and Patricia Anne Simpson

end-run around Merkel and the federal government, by traveling to Russia to meet with Vladimir Putin. They were looking for new transnational alliances, like many in the transnational far right. Eastern Pegida supporters carried placards at