This article explores the controversial issue of concepts defining the East-Central European Romanian and Hungarian identities (nem, neam, popor, nép). It specifically focuses on the translation and adaptation of the German concept of nation by examining the inclusive or exclusive meanings this concept acquired in these two languages and political cultures during the first half of the nineteenth century.
The Hungarian and Romanian Cases in the Nineteenth Century
Friedrich Ratzel’s Impact on German Education from the Wilhelmine Empire to the Third Reich
(Mitteleuropa). Germanic central Europe is a geographical, not a political concept . By that we understand the land “as far as the German tongue sounds,” that is, as far as the German people ( Volkstum ), German language and morality reach, and therefore also