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Large-Scale Hydrocarbon-Related Industrial Projects in Russia's Coastal Regions

The Risks Arising from the Absence of Strategic Environmental Assessment

Vassily Spiridonov

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Russia has monitored several large-scale hydrocarbon extraction and transportation projects on the Russian shelf, revealing the chaotic nature of this large-scale industrial activity. An analysis of the early stages of project implementation has shown that, contrary to the claims of project designers, the projects are starting to have diverse, tangible, and often negative impacts on the natural and human environments. Risks can be grouped as follows: the loss of or damage to unique natural and cultural phenomena, major accidents, and indirect and cumulative effects on the environment or human communities. The author argues that completion of a strategic environmental assessment (SEA) before these projects began may have helped to significantly reduce these risks, and considers possibilities for institutional development of SEA in Russia, based on trans-sectoral partnership.

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Book Reviews

Anna Bara and Sveta Yamin-Pasternak

Karelian coast of the White Sea (Spiridonov and Suprunenko pp. 317–343). The farthest east, and the book’s predominant focus, is Chukotka. The eight chapters in the first part, Indigenous Knowledge, are by Chukotkan authors, who write about the local

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Pomors, Pomor’e, and the Russian North

A Symbolic Space in Cultural and Political Context

Yuri P. Shabaev, Igor Zherebtsov, Kim Hye Jin, and Kim Hyun Taek

role in the formation of regional markets and in strengthening internal commercial relations. The Dvinians, people of Mezen’, Pinega, Karelia, inhabitants of Terskii, and other coasts of the White Sea transported fish and game to Arkhangel’sk in

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An Environmentally Literate Explorer

A. E. Nordenskiöld’s Three Expeditions to the North Asian Coast, 1875–1879

Seija A. Niemi

coast of Norway and Russian Lapland, down to the port of Arkhangel’sk in the White Sea. In the fifteenth century, Portuguese explorers opened a southern sea route around Africa and maintained a monopoly on this passage with the Spaniards for almost a

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The Excavations of Aleksei P. Okladnikov on the Faddey Islands in Simsa Bay (August 1945)

Elena A. Okladnikova and translated by Richard Bland

northward into the White Sea, a division of the Arctic Ocean. The very name “Pomory” points to their location, with “po” (by) “more” (sea). The Pomory met Dutch and German navigators in Arctic waters during the Time of Troubles and the reign of Mikhail

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Prospects of Development for Urban Areas in the Russian Arctic

Igor Popov

if considered from an administrative viewpoint. A presidential decree of 2014 pointed out the Arctic zone, with its boundary shifting significantly southwards of the Arctic Circle and including the entire coastal area of the White Sea. Some authors

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Chasing Rotten Ice

A Vitalist Ethos in Scientific Encounters with Sea Ice ‘Itself’

Julianne Yip

colours of a sea ice core can offer clues about its internal composition. Far from being uniformly white, sea ice can display a range of colours. The green-brown colour at the bottom of sea ice cores generally marked the presence of biology. Rotten ice as

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Gender and Empire

The Imprisonment of Women in Eighteenth-Century Siberia

Gwyn Bourlakov

White Sea until Empress Elizaveta Petrovna pardoned her in 1744, and then allowed her to marry a short time later in 1745. 98 Her sister Elena also married soon after family members returned from exile, but inexplicably Anna was kept in exile in