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From Cutting to Fading

A Relational Perspective on Marriage Exchange and Sociality in Rural Gambia

Tone Sommerfelt

Based on 21 months of field research on the northern bank of the Gambia River, this study deals with ceremonial exchange and sociality among rural Wolof speakers. In exploring the procurement and distribution of bridal trousseaus, I examine the process of exchange that shapes and limits these potentially endless affinal networks and analyze the social forms that arise from these complex sets of transfers. It is argued that redistributions of objects and money do not establish definite boundaries around units based on categorical exclusion and inclusion, but rather gradual distinctions of social proximity. In effect, I question the appropriateness of the concept of the 'cutting' of networks in this West African setting, proposing instead that 'fading' paints a clearer picture of the particular ways in which affinal networks are limited and relationships are rendered recognizable.

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Pan-African Linguistic and Cultural Unity

A Basis For pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance

Simphiwe Sesanti

. His study revealed existence of common words between Wolof, a Senegalese language, and the Ancient Egyptian language. Later, Armah (2006: 194 ), would find words in his Akan language that were not only pronounced the same way but had the same meaning

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Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

, ed. Bonin, Hodeir, and Klein, 149–165. For a discussion of the economic behavior of a non-Christian religious organization (the Murid brotherhood in Senegal), see James F. Searing, “God Alone Is King”: Islam and Emancipation in Senegal. The Wolof

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Michael Spanu and Jean-Marie Seca

: Gallimard, 1980). 8 Etienne Racine, Le Phénomène techno. Club, raves, free-parties (Paris : Imago, 2002). 9 Toutefois, un travail plus étendu, concernant d’autres langues chantées (arabe, wolof, occitan, basque, etc.) dans les productions françaises, reste