This article aims to empirically test the so called low-cost hypothesis. The hypothesis posits that cost moderates the strength of the relationship between environmental concern and behavior. The effects of the behavioral cost and environmental concern on household waste recycling were evaluated, using empirical data collected from 2,695 respondents in Cologne, Germany. Empirically, a clear effect of both behavioral cost and environmental concern can be identified. Recycling rates are higher when a curbside scheme is implemented or the distance to collection containers is low. In addition, the probability of recycling participation rises when the actor has a pronounced environmental concern. This effect of environmental attitudes does not vary with behavioral cost and opportunities. Therefore, the low-cost hypothesis is not supported by the study.
It is well known that Durkheim was a major source of influence in most of Boudon's writings. But his vision of Durkheim has evolved a lot over the years. In the 1960s until the 1990s, he presented Durkheim as a positivist, fairly close to Auguste Comte, and he considered The Rules of the Sociological Method as a mediating work which announced all of the Durkheim's thought. In his most recent works, Boudon brings an original perspective that Durkheim was an important theorist of rationality.
Boudon a développé une admiration durable pour Durkheim dont il ne s'est jamais départi. Durkheim n'a jamais cessé en effet d'être pour lui un inspirateur, mais la lecture qu'il en fait a néanmoins évolué au fil du temps. Des années 1960 aux années 1990 il le présente comme un auteur positiviste dont il admire la réflexion sur la scientificité de la sociologie. Après 1990 il le présente comme un précurseur malgré lui de l'individualisme méthodologique, et traduit sa sociologie dans le langage de la théorie de l'action.
In current and future situations of trans-global crises, social dissent and related practices of resistance cut across conventional country boundaries. Expressions of dissent and resistance pursue change through unconventional practices not only to challenge current governance, but to re-invent participation. They seek to impact society by transforming acquired values, subjectivities and knowledge. Despite these transformations of people’s subjectivities, majoritarian theories examining social movements still focus on finding rational patterns that can be instrumentalized in data sets and produce generalizable theoretical outcomes. This paper problematizes how social theory makes sense of collective action practices on the ground. Everyday non-discursive practices prove productivity-led theories' increasing disengagement with their object while challenging the excessive bureaucratization of scientific knowledge (Lyotard, 1997). That is, people experiment collectively with their capacities, and create their own initiatives and identities which do not follow determined patterns but do-while-thinking. The dichotomist approach of majoritarian debates in collective action theory is critically analysed by introducing the work of ‘minor authors’ and ‘radical theorists’. The fundamental purpose of this paper is to open a discussion space between the field of social action theories and activism knowledge, hence encouraging the creation of plateaus that blur academic boundaries and construct new subjectivities beyond “the indignity of speaking for others” (Deleuze in Foucault et al., 1977. p. 209). Drawing on the experience of the 15th of May 2011 in Spain, I analyse how radical theory reflects on current movements and collectives."
Planning & Black Study , New York : Autonomedia . Haworth , R.H . ( 2012 ) ‘ Introduction ’, in R.H. Haworth (ed.) Anarchist Pedagogies: Collective Actions, Theories and Critical Reflections on Education , Oakland, CA : PM Press . Kanngieser , A
Niklas Olsen, Irene Herrmann, Håvard Brede Aven, and Mohinder Singh
for not only the acknowledgment but also the investigation of conceptual history as an intrinsically dynamic object, resulting from constant exchanges between ideas and actions, theories and realities, is especially inspiring and promising for
Intergenerational Activism and the Ethics of Empowering Girls
, Ruth Nicole . 2009 . Black Girlhood Celebration: Toward a Hip-Hop Feminist Pedagogy . New York : Peter Lang . Brydon-Miller , Mary . 2001 . “ Education, Research, and Action: Theory and Methods of Participatory Action Research .” Pp. 76 – 89 in
Andreas Baranowski and Heiko Hecht
mental process, rather than absolute reality of space or time. He believed that the primary data for mental activity was sensory information (something he had already discussed in earlier works as “action theory”). This was in concordance with Eisenstein
Promises of Proximity as Articulated by Changing Moral Elites
United States, a similar development took place. Since the early 1970s, David Horton Smith had been inquiring into the possibilities of a future self-organized “voluntary society.” David H. Smith, “Major Analytical Topics of Voluntary Action Theory and