In Alpha Girls: Understanding the New American Girl and How She is Changing the World, psychologist Dan Kindlon (2006) claims that the new psychology of girls has produced a dramatically different kind of girl from her 1990s girl-in-crisis predecessor. He proposes that this new type of girl is a hybrid, personifying the best traits of masculinity and femininity. The Alpha Girl represents a new form of girlhood in which girls are seen as the economic, social, and cultural winners in the twenty first century because they are risk takers, competitive, and collaborative. How does cheerleading, one of the most female-identified and sexualized cultures of adolescent life, coexist with this seemingly new discourse of empowering girlhood? We argue that cheerleading provides a rich space for Girls Studies scholars to analyze how modes of femininity play out in the social practices that girls themselves deem important.
Negotiating New Discourses with Old Practices
Natalie Guice Adams and Pamela J. Bettis
Constructing the Achieving Girl
, Schools, and Media: Popular Discourses of the Achieving Girl , Paule explains how she became interested in the achieving girl: she says, “What first attracted my attention was the ubiquitous alpha girl heroine of teen TV, juxtaposed with press celebration
Sarah E. Whitney
young women, known variously as perfect girls, alpha girls, or super girls have risen to media visibility; these “bright, disciplined, hardworking girls who excel in school and are poised to not just take on the world but take it over” ( Pomerantz and