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Pascah Mungwini

: 67 ). Such alternative epistemologies constitute what has come to be designated epistemologies of the South. ‘Epistemologies of the South’ is a term which Boaventura de Sousa Santos describes as those ‘sets of inquiries into the construction and

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Introduction

Anthropologies of Forensic Expertise in the Aftermath of Mass Violence

Zahira Aragüete-Toribio

Abstract

In recent (post-)conflict scenarios, the diversity and complexity of mass violence, including acts of enforced disappearance and extrajudicial or summary executions, have transformed how knowledge about such crimes is performed and produced socially. In inquiries into human rights violations, the search for, exhumation and identification of missing bodies often buried in mass graves have led distinct applications of forensic work to emerge. These have some differences from traditional crime scene investigation approaches. Novel interactions between forensic science practitioners and the communities where they operate have given place to unprecedented sociocultural, affective and scientific understandings of evidencing mass crimes. Drawing on different ethnographic experiences of unearthing human remains around the world, this collection considers how, in its judicial but also its extrajudicial application, forensic expertise has been transformed in connection to other epistemologies, collective and individual mourning, kinship, memory and a new politics and ethics of care in distinct state- and civil society-led pursuits to account for the dead and missing.

Dans les scénarios récents de (post-)conflit, la diversité et la complexité de la violence de masse (y compris les actes de disparition forcée et les exécutions extrajudiciaires ou sommaires) ont transformé la manière dont la connaissance de ces crimes est acquise et produite socialement. Dans le cadre des enquêtes sur les violations des droits de l'homme, la recherche, l'exhumation et l'identification des corps disparus, souvent enterrés dans des fosses communes, ont suscité l'émergence d'applications distinctes du travail médico-légal. Celles-ci diffèrent des approches traditionnelles des enquêtes sur les scènes de crime. Les nouvelles interactions entre les praticiens de la médecine légale et les communautés où ils opèrent ont donné lieu à des compréhensions de la mise en évidence des crimes de masse socioculturelles, affectives et scientifiques sans précédent. En s'appuyant sur différentes expériences ethnographiques de mise au jour de restes humains à travers le monde, cette collection examine comment, dans son application judiciaire mais aussi extrajudiciaire, l'expertise médico-légale a été transformée en relation avec d'autres épistémologies, le deuil collectif et individuel, la parenté, la mémoire, ainsi qu'une nouvelle politique et une nouvelle éthique de la prise en charge dans le cadre des efforts distincts menés par l'État et la société civile pour rendre compte des morts et des disparus.

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Editorial

Some Senses of Pan-Africanism from the South

Christopher Allsobrook

in the generation of these alternative epistemologies,’ he argues, ‘that the future of the continent lies’. African decolonisation cannot rely on intellectual resources which have dominated the world but depends, instead, ‘on epistemologies born of

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Ștefan Dorondel, Stelu Şerban, and Marian Tudor

actors and natural science experts, with local knowledge offering “alternative epistemologies.” This approach may help restorationists to critically assess the relationship between humans and their environments (e.g., Evans and Stewart 2018 ): their

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(Counter)Terrorism and the Intimate

Bodies, Affect, Power

Sunčana Laketa

securitization. By seeking to understand change and transformation of the various landscapes of terrorism, the focus on intimate renderings of peace and antiviolence offers alternative epistemologies that could inform activist scholarly position. Doing so, I

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An analysis of Chinese students’ use of Chinese essay references

Another role for international students in the internationalisation of the curriculum

Miguel Antonio Lim and Zhuo Min Huang

, K. , A. Sriprakash and R. Connell ( 2015 ), ‘ Rethinking knowledge production and circulation in comparative and international education: Southern theory, postcolonial perspectives, and alternative epistemologies ’, Comparative Education

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Fascism at eye level

The anthropological conundrum

Douglas R. Holmes

postures as if to say: “Look at me: I am just like you, I believe what you believe, I feel what you feel. These things do not make you a racist; how can they make me one?” Culture and political economy Le Pen casts his alternative epistemology