,” selfishness and altruism, good and bad conduct (gang behavior), kindness and cruelty, conservative and radical instincts, and wisdom and folly (75–88). Boys’ natures and their socialized, “second natures,” then, both contribute to these dualisms, and these
This article argues that the moral dimensions of the term 'culture' have been under-theorized in anthropology. The argument stems from a particular reading of the Western philosophy of ethics. Based in economic anthropology, I explore how an understanding of the moral imperative can illuminate differences in processes of accumulation. After a discussion of the concept of morality in philosophy and in recent anthropology, I go on to examine the principles of altruism and reciprocal utility in the light of theories of kinship and of rational choice. I then outline an argument concerning the general form of moral reasoning. According to this argument, kinship classifications function logically to synthesize variable distributions in different societies of two interconnected principles—altruism and reciprocal utility.
The Impossibility Result
Elias L. Khalil
. Similarly, the slave-owners exploit their slaves, but they can simultaneously treat them with care and altruism. The core idea of bounded society is that it is organised according to a set of rules of justice, whether specified by laws or by cultural norms
Scope of the Research and Some Reflections
Frank Dabba Smith
hopes of further encouraging them, I suggested a collaboration in order to research more fully the topic of Leitz's apparent altruism, which might eventually result in a publication. Following this meeting, I also decided to take personal initiative and
Research in Progress
Frank Dabba Smith
For ten years, I have researched the little-known history of altruism at the world famous camera manufacturer 'Ernst Leitz of Wetzlar' during the Nazi nightmare of 1933 to 1945. In previous publications, I have examined the motivations and actions of Ernst Leitz II and his daughter Elsie Kühn-Leitz as well as detailing examples of individuals and families who were helped. As more archival material is discovered and more descendents are interviewed, a fuller picture of these remarkable rescue activities may be revealed. This article is a work in progress.
Diederik F. Janssen
Erotics of Adolescent Male Altruism,” finally, Professor Emeritus of American Studies Jay Mechling draws from his three generations of experience in Boy Scouting in considering that scene’s homoerotics of male adolescent bonding, altruism, and (gender
Changing the Relationship between Philanthropy and Democracy?
Joshua Murchie and Jean-Paul Gagnon
spending their money well” (acts of altruism have been shown to spike serotonin levels in the human brain, e.g. Post 2005 ; Schwarts et al. 2003 ). Big and Little Philanthropy? A Normative Junction for Democratic Theory While Little Phil
Abdulla Al Sayyari, Fayez Hejaili, and Faissal Shaheen
. 2003 ; Ghaly 2012 ; Shaheen et al. 2004 ): (1) Altruism: Like other major religions, Islam advocates and encourages altruism. Organ donation is one of the clearest examples of altruism. (2) The concept that avoiding harm transcends attaining good. (3
A Critique of Thad Metz’s ‘Towards an African Moral Theory’
not stand to benefit, particularly where no greater sacrifice is involved. The underlying logic is that there is something attractive about altruism insofar as we act merely to advance others’ interests/welfare because it is good for them; and, a
A Comparative Analysis of Welfare States and Social Unrest
welfare states bring about social order, whereas more limited arrangements are dependent on other more punitive forms of state control. Ranci (2001) argues that welfare states are forms of rational altruism aimed at pursuing egalitarianism and