Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 43 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All content x
  • Refine by Content Type: All x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

The Current State of Anomie in Angola

Ruy Llera Blanes

In social anthropology, Durkheim's theory of anomie, as expounded in his book Suicide (1897, preceded by notes in The Division of Labor in Society , 1893), seems in many ways to be the least appreciated or mentioned aspect of his work. At least

Restricted access

Veille scientifique sur la recherche durkheimienne en Chine

Jing Zhang

: recherche sur la sociologie de l'anomie , Pékin, Presse commerciale, 2017,(渠敬东.《缺席与断裂:有关失范的社会学研究》.北京:商务印书馆, 2017, 317页. ) Résumé : Ce livre analyse le problème de l'anomie selon trois aspects : le manque de sens, la rupture des relations sociales et la

Restricted access

The Current Crisis

Initial Reflections

Steven Lukes

This is one of a set of three essays, exploring the current crisis in a Durkheimian perspective, and brought together with the first English translation of Durkheim’s own commentary on a world in upheaval, ‘The Politics of the Future’ (1917). In the opening essay, Steven Lukes suggests that a way to begin to reflect on the nature and long-term repercussions of the crisis is through Durkheim’s account of anomie. In the following essay, Mike Gane is concerned with an underlying paradox in which neo-liberalism is in practice a form of socialism and statism. In general, it reproduces the malaise that Durkheim analysed as a mass of individuals under the management of an overcentralized state, and in the absence of an effective democratic network of intermediate groups. In particular, it relies on a technique of power that involves a corrupted form of what Caillois analysed as the game, and that controls and manipulates the individuals constituting ‘human capital’ through a system of bureaucratically regulated game-like competitions. In the final essay, Edward Tiryakian asks ‘which crisis?’ Beyond the financial and economic upheavals, there is a wider, systemic, moral anomie. This shows up in various ways in trends, throughout western societies, in family life, education and citizenship – key interlinking institutions of the social fabric.

Restricted access

La typologie des crimes de Durkheim dans ses Leçons de sociologie criminelle (1892–1893)

Matthieu Béra

, ethnique, « territoriale » 26 . Les crimes anomiques : la criminalité économique des modernes ? (Abus de confiance, banqueroutes frauduleuses, escroqueries) À cette époque, le « jeune Durkheim » 27 mobilisait volontiers la notion d'anomie qu

Restricted access

The Long-Term Destabilization of Youth, Scarring Effects, and the Future of the Welfare Regime in Post-Trente Glorieuses France

Louis Chauvel

"Youth" was once defined as the 15 to 24 year old age group. Today in France one sees a "first youth" (dependent on family and school) and a "second youth" in their twenties sharply divided between a successful elite with top degrees (or family wealth) and a highly marginalized workingclass. Between these extremes, a middle group often experiences frustration and anomie when their university degrees fail to launch the careers they desired. A "third youth" of thirty-somethings has also emerged still dependent on their families and the state. The French corporatist welfare regime, moreover, makes women, immigrants, and the young structural outsiders who must compete harder than Caucasian middle-aged men for jobs. Setbacks early in life in the labor market have long-term consequences (scarring effects) both for individuals and for the birth cohort as a whole. The political consequences are difficult to forecast, but much of the recent political volatility in France can be traced to these generational dynamics and failure to integrate youth since the late 1970s.

Restricted access

Sorcerous Technologies and Religious Innovation in Sri Lanka

Rohan Bastin

This essay examines the importance of sorcery in the dynamics of religious innovation in contemporary Hindu and Buddhist Sri Lanka.1 My interest stems from two observations. First, in almost stark contrast to other Hindu ritual forms that emphasise unchanging text-based rites, the sorcery practices I describe display an almost modernist preoccupation with innovation. Second, much of this innovation originates, or is seen to originate, from outside the cosmic order both of the pantheon and of society. Consequently, sorcery practices manifest a dynamism that often results in the appearance of sorcery having sprung up from nowhere or of being on the sharp increase. However, such an appearance of growth is less of an increase by degree than a shift in visibility. Moreover, it is a characteristic Sri Lankan sorcery practices share with practices elsewhere. When social scientists whose gaze has been primed for spotting anomalies light upon these shifts in visibility, the reaction is usually one of alarm. Scholars whose basic orientation is to the problem of social order and stability tend to judge these apparent aberrations in terms of social breakdown and anomie. Instead of considering what sorcery reveals anthropologically, they instead analyse sorcery as a symptom of a social pathology. The restless dynamism of sorcery and its role in religious innovation remain unaddressed, and this contributes to a conservative view of both the phenomenon of sorcery and the study of religion in general.

Restricted access

A Multilevel Approach to Measuring Social Capacity in a European Context

Ferenc Bódi, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, and Péter Róbert

capacity (or its counterpole, anomie or social deficit), Well-being (its objective and subjective sides are separated), Quality of life, Social quality (in terms of the concept developed by representatives of the International Association on Social Quality

Free access

Society, Morality, Embodiment

Tracing Durkheim's Legacy

Sondra L. Hausner

, commonality, anomie, effervescence. But they are also charting untapped legacies, philosophically and regionally; innovative approaches; and perhaps most significantly, new and exciting uses and applications of Durkheimian thought and theory. What does

Open access

Book Symposium

The Politics of Becoming: Anonymity and Democracy in the Digital Age

Taina Meriluoto, Anastasia Kavada, Andrea Cornwall, Oliver Escobar, and Hans Asenbaum

. Andrea Cornwall cautions us against the potential undemocratic perils of anonymity. Through the Durkheimian concepts of accountability and anomie, she asks whether anonymity might erode the bonds of democratic communities. Finally, Oliver Escobar explores

Restricted access

From Schmitt to Foucault

Inquiring the Relationship between Exception and Democracy

Sara Raimondi

and creating a legal anomie where an unbounded power can be directly exercised over (bare) life. This approach tends to prevail in security studies and in analyses of contemporary late-modern western politics ( Jabri 2010 ; Neal 2006 ; Waever 2005