This article constitutes a pragmatic consideration of how to orchestrate access to 'powerful' individuals and a theoretical reflection on what efforts to negotiate access reveal about the anthropologist's subterranean assumptions about power, collaboration and ethnographic data. Too frequently, powerful actors and the contemporary settings they inhabit appear to be obstacles to ethnographic research. In contrast, I propose that we explore the ways in which working with powerful actors can enhance, rather than inhibit, the possibilities of anthropological data collection. In this article, I present several examples from my field research in the Mexican government to show how the ethnographic encounter can be constructive of the political process, not jut an appendage to it. By directing attention to the ways in which our actual research practices (and not just our findings) intervene in the political space, we can re-orient our expectations about data and the ontology of anthropological expertise.
Reflections on Power, Collaboration, and Ethnography in the Anthropology of Policy
Neoliberal Development Policies and Their Contradictions
Kevin A. Yelvington, Jason L. Simms, and Elizabeth Murray
Wine tourism is a growing phenomenon, with tourists enjoying not only wine but a rural lifestyle that is associated with winegrowing areas and the elusive essence of terroir. The Temecula Valley in southern California, a small wine-producing region and wine tourism destination, is experiencing state-led plans for a vast expansion of production and tourism capacity. This article traces the challenges inherent in this development process, and questions the sustainability of such plans regarding the very environment the wine tourists seek out, especially regarding the availability of natural resources, mainly water, needed to fulfil these plans. The article concludes with a call for an applied anthropology of policy that is centred on the articulations of the state and neoliberal capitalism.
Everyday Negotiations of the European Union's Rural Development Programme LEADER in Germany
Oliver Müller, Ove Sutter, and Sina Wohlgemuth
The paper follows the different moments of translation when LEADER, the EU development programme for rural areas, is put into practice on the local level. Drawing on ethnographic data gathered during several field observations and semistructured interviews from two LEADER regions in Germany, we analyse how the interpretive repertoire of LEADER’s bottom-up approach is actualised, appropriated and negotiated by different actors when translated into local contexts of participative rural development. Drawing on Stuart Hall’s theoretical distinction of different positions of ‘decoding’, the article demonstrates how the ‘bottom-up frame’ is interpreted and adapted strategically from a ‘dominant-hegemonic’, ‘negotiated’ and ‘oppositional’ position.
Reflections on a Village Tourism Project in Cyprus
On 1 May 2004, the Republic of Cyprus entered the European Union, unaccompanied by the Turkish-Cypriot population in the northern third of the island. The Green Line - the militarized border marking the cessation of hostilities in 1974 - now defines the outer edge of the European Union, creating a fluid and uncertain borderland which has become the focus for ongoing attempts to construct both the new Cyprus and the new Europe. Tourism has a central and contradictory role to play in these processes. It offers an avenue for stimulating economic activity and raising income levels in the Turkish-Cypriot north, and presents an opportunity to develop complementary tourism products north and south which could widen the appeal of the island as a whole and promote collaborative ventures between Greek- and Turkish-Cypriots. On the other hand, such developments face strong resistance from sections of the population north and south, who fear they will lead either to the legitimation and tacit recognition of the Turkish-Cypriot state in the north, or to a return to relations characterized by Greek-Cypriot dominance and Turkish-Cypriot dependence. The paper reflects on the author's involvement in a village tourism development project in Cyprus in 2005-2006 in order to explore what an anthropological approach to the use of tourism for political ends can tell us about conflict, and when, and under what conditions, tourism might be a force for peace and reconciliation.
Surf Tourism in Costa Rica
Stefan Michael Krause
Surf tourism is a largely ignored mode of touristic behaviour in the academy. This investigation adds to a very limited body of work by providing explorations of the significance of surf tourism for surfers and by bringing forward data and observations of the impacts surf tourism has had on Playas Jacó and Hermosa, Costa Rica. Interview, statistical and observation data are used here to argue that: a surfer habitus creates dispositions for many surfers to travel to exotic coastal destinations on the periphery; surf trips to Costa Rica in many ways are experientially similar to pilgrimages; and that surf tourism can be seen to be directly and indirectly associated with many economic, environmental and socio-cultural costs and benefits to the local communities under study. Considering the applied dimension of surf tourism it is argued that surfers may indirectly set in motion a process of development and foreign investment into areas that are ill prepared for large numbers of visitors.
Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus, and Katja Mäkinen
Anthropology,” in Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Power , ed. Cris Shore and Susan Wright (London: Routledge, 1997), 3–39, here 12; Claske Vos, “European Integration through ‘Soft Conditionality’: The Contribution of Culture to
SOS Children’s Villages and Supportive Housing
’. In C. Shore and S. Wright (eds), Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Power. London and New York : Routledge , 3 – 34 . Strathern , M. 2000 . ‘ Afterword: Accountability … and Ethnography ’. In M
Humanizing Relations in an Australian NGO Campaign for People Seeking Asylum
Lashaw et al. 2017 , 1 – 18 . Shore , Cris , and Susan Wright , eds. 1997 . Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Power . London : Routledge . Sitrin , Marina , ed. 2006 . Horizontalism: Voices of Popular Power in
Training Health Workers for Community-Based Roles in Ghana
). 1997 . Anthropology of Policy: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Power . New York and London : Routledge. SPH (School of Public Health, University of Ghana) . 2009 . ‘In-Depth Review of the Community-Based Health Planning Services (CHPS
Capacity Building in Ethnographic Comparison
Rachel Douglas-Jones and Justin Shaffner
‘Legacies of the Past, Promises of the Future: Capacity Building as a Practice of Contemporary Development, Intervention and Governance’ sponsored by the Interest Group for the Anthropology of Policy. We thank the participants, particularly Alberto Corsín