Beginning in the 1960s, British children's literature began to include sympathetic representations of people from outside the dominant culture. Greater numbers of Jewish characters appeared as part of this trend. In the succeeding decades, the British publishing industry has continued to encourage cultural sensitivity in children's books, but this article argues that, despite this, in the twenty-first century constructions of Jews and Judaism increasingly resemble the stereotypical images common in works from previous eras. The paper goes on to contend that although these stereotypes were acknowledged and challenged in historical fiction for children of the 1960s and 1970s in order to promote tolerance, authorial intent in employing such images in more recent historical novels is often unclear, and as a result the texts convey ambivalent messages to today's young readers about the place of Jews in British society.
Representations of Jews and Judaism in Twenty-First-Century British Historical Fiction for Children
What facilitates the psychic process of grieving a traumatic loss, and what happens when that process is blocked? Forbidden Games is, on one level, an intimate film about childhood trauma. When viewed from a psychoanalytic perspective informed by concepts such as introjection and pathological mourning, however, it emerges as a complex allegory that reflects, through its narrative and filmic elements, on the sociocultural and historical dynamics of France's troubled response to the loss of its identity as a democracy during World War II. The film also reflects on the even more shameful history of the rise of French anti-Semitism under the Vichy regime and France's history of silencing or repressing the drama of its willing collaboration with the Nazis' Final Solution. Private trauma thus screens public, political trauma as Clément's film becomes both a medium for sociocultural commentary and a memorial to loss that could not be buried or mourned.
Adeel Hamza and John Gannon
contamination of the human by – this confused category of – the animal(s), ‘humanity and animality’ (ibid.: 57). We are borrowing here from Joseph Massad’s ‘Forget Semitism!’ (2013); Semitism has always been anti-Semitism in that it was created as a historical
In August 1946, the Board of Deputies of British Jews received a report about the situation of the Jewish cemetery of Salonika, the city which only three years ago had witnessed the destruction by the Germans of one of the most glorious Jewish communities of the Balkans. This detailed report aimed at summoning support for the protection of what was left of the ancient Jewish burial ground.
War, Colonialism, and Zionism at a Mediterranean Crossroads, 1914–1920
(and especially Algeria) to move beyond myopic narratives that either romanticized precolonial harmony between Jews and Muslims or echoed colonial condemnations of “inevitable” anti-Semitism in the Arab world. 17 Part of a broader “Jewish Imperial Turn
associations that can address more broadly pressing problems of contemporary Jewish identity and inclusiveness and the need for mutual support in the face of growing anti-Semitism, as well as contributing a distinctive Jewish voice to wider society issues. The
Commission for Religious Relationships with the Jews
outline the document, introducing it with a sketch of the background that made it necessary, namely the institutional anti-Semitism of the Christian centuries, and ending with a brief discussion of the point that seem to me most important and controversial
emigrated to Israel. Last year the number rose to more than 7,300. Still others, of unknown number, are leaving France for the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. 19 One of the major factors provoking this surge in emigration is anti-Semitism. Jews
A Family Story
the metropolitan trente glorieuses and became professionals in the United States and the Netherlands. Marcelle and Pinhas know intimately several major circumstances of the twentieth century: Jewish Morocco; French colonial Maghreb; Vichy anti-Semitism
The American Jewish Committee and Israel’s Palestinian Minority, 1948–1966
Geoffrey P. Levin
anti-Semites, the American Friends of the Middle East (AFME), and various Arab states. 13 The report claimed that the Arab League, the head of this network, aimed to foment anti-Semitism. It noted pamphlets issued by the Egyptian embassy containing