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Reconsidering Voltaire on Jews and Judaism in Le Dictionnaire philosophique

Arthur Scherr

frequent condemnation of him, emulating Arthur Hertzberg's 1968 volume, The French Enlightenment and the Jews , which has exerted remarkable influence. Hertzberg blamed Voltaire for modern anti-Semitism, even German Nazism. Hertzberg's influential

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'Heritage Anti-Semitism' in Modern Times?

Representations of Jews and Judaism in Twenty-First-Century British Historical Fiction for Children

Madelyn Travis

Beginning in the 1960s, British children's literature began to include sympathetic representations of people from outside the dominant culture. Greater numbers of Jewish characters appeared as part of this trend. In the succeeding decades, the British publishing industry has continued to encourage cultural sensitivity in children's books, but this article argues that, despite this, in the twenty-first century constructions of Jews and Judaism increasingly resemble the stereotypical images common in works from previous eras. The paper goes on to contend that although these stereotypes were acknowledged and challenged in historical fiction for children of the 1960s and 1970s in order to promote tolerance, authorial intent in employing such images in more recent historical novels is often unclear, and as a result the texts convey ambivalent messages to today's young readers about the place of Jews in British society.

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Psychoanalysis, Cinema, History: Personal and National Loss in René Clément's Forbidden Games

Esther Rashkin

What facilitates the psychic process of grieving a traumatic loss, and what happens when that process is blocked? Forbidden Games is, on one level, an intimate film about childhood trauma. When viewed from a psychoanalytic perspective informed by concepts such as introjection and pathological mourning, however, it emerges as a complex allegory that reflects, through its narrative and filmic elements, on the sociocultural and historical dynamics of France's troubled response to the loss of its identity as a democracy during World War II. The film also reflects on the even more shameful history of the rise of French anti-Semitism under the Vichy regime and France's history of silencing or repressing the drama of its willing collaboration with the Nazis' Final Solution. Private trauma thus screens public, political trauma as Clément's film becomes both a medium for sociocultural commentary and a memorial to loss that could not be buried or mourned.

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Historical and Political Reflections on the Jewish-Christian Dialogue

Rainer Kampling and Karma Ben Johanan

significant that – with a few exceptions – it was not an inner-church process that brought about a change, but a historical-civilisational rupture. The allegedly legitimate religious anti-Judaism was unmasked as a variant of anti-Semitism. The previous

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Marcel Mauss’s ‘Internal Critique of the “Legend of Abraham”’

Adeel Hamza and John Gannon

contamination of the human by – this confused category of – the animal(s), ‘humanity and animality’ (ibid.: 57). We are borrowing here from Joseph Massad’s ‘Forget Semitism!’ (2013); Semitism has always been anti-Semitism in that it was created as a historical

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The Jewish Cemetery of Salonika in the Crossroads of Urban Modernisation and Anti-Semitism

Maria Vassilikou

In August 1946, the Board of Deputies of British Jews received a report about the situation of the Jewish cemetery of Salonika, the city which only three years ago had witnessed the destruction by the Germans of one of the most glorious Jewish communities of the Balkans. This detailed report aimed at summoning support for the protection of what was left of the ancient Jewish burial ground.

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From Neo-Kantianism to Durkheimian Sociology

Hermann Cohen and the Problem of Sacrifice

Stephen Turner

: the notorious verse, and grounds for anti-Semitism, in Matthew 27:25, in which the Jews take responsibility for the death of Jesus in front of Pilate by crying out ‘His blood be on us and on our children’. 2 I have provided such an account elsewhere

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Debating the “Jewish Question” in Tunisia

War, Colonialism, and Zionism at a Mediterranean Crossroads, 1914–1920

Chris Rominger

(and especially Algeria) to move beyond myopic narratives that either romanticized precolonial harmony between Jews and Muslims or echoed colonial condemnations of “inevitable” anti-Semitism in the Arab world. 17 Part of a broader “Jewish Imperial Turn

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‘Good Jew, Bad Jew’

Racism, Anti-Semitism and the Assault on Meaning (An Interview with Steven Friedman)

Steven Friedman and Laurence Piper

In this interview, conducted in December 2023, we speak to leading South African political analyst Steven Friedman about his latest book, Good Jew, Bad Jew: Racism, Anti-Semitism and the Assault on Meaning. 1 Steven Friedman is a South African

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Sinophobia, American Imperialism, Disorder Without Responsibility

Shuchen Xiang

anti-Semitism can elucidate American imperial behavior both with regards to China and other developing nations. Part 1: The Beginning of American Imperialism: American Open Door Policy in China Before moving into the analysis of the structure of