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Re-thinking Antimilitarism

France 1898-1914

Elizabeth Propes

Conservative French nationalists had successfully labeled antimilitarism as antinationalist in the two decades preceding World War I. Because some of the more vocal antimilitarists were also involved in anarchist and radical Marxist organizations, historians largely have accepted this antinationalist label while also arguing that French nationalism had lost its connections to the French Revolution and become a more extremist, protofascist movement. A closer look at mainstream antimilitarist arguments, however, reveals the continued existence of the republican nationalism that had dominated the nineteenth century and shows that antimilitarists did not reject their nation. Instead, antimilitarists sought to protect the Republic, which they saw as synonymous with the nation, against an increasingly conservative, anti-Republic military and conservative nationalists, whom antimilitarists saw as a danger to a republican France.

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Michael B. Loughlin

the heroic myths and assumptions about war that undoubtedly made a conflagration more likely and allowed it to continue. 48 A September 1914 editorial typifies such rhetoric while utilizing a bit of his old antimilitarism, now employed ironically to

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Cues for Integration

Foreign Policy Beliefs and German Parliamentarians’ Support for European Integration

A. Burcu Bayram

integration are closely tied to the international relations paradigm in their minds. Multilateralism, internationalism, and antimilitarism are very strong predictors of representative attitudes European integration. Conclusion Both the European and German

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Conflicted Power of the Pen

The Impact of French Internment on the Pacifist Convictions and Literary Imagination of Lion Feuchtwanger

Nicole Dombrowski Risser

absolute pacifism, his unbending anti-militarism, merely helped to produce the opposite of what he wanted.… But ever since coming back from the horrors of front-line fighting [in WWI] he could not live without writing against militarism. For these seventeen

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Klaus Berghahn, Russell Dalton, Jason Verber, Robert Tobin, Beverly Crawford, and Jeffrey Luppes

enmeshment in the European Union, transparent multilateralism, diplomacy, adherence to international law, and antimilitarism. An engine of military might before World War I, Germany’s economic power became the engine of peaceful European integration after

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Jules Vallès and Séverine

Romantic Socialism and the Afterlife of a Cross-Sex Friendship in French Political Culture, 1880–1929

Michael Mulvey

), 74–75. 137 Séverine’s antimilitarism predated the Great War. See Séverine, “Les horreurs de la guerre,” Je sais tout , 3 April 1905, 259–270. 138 Séverine, “Mon féminisme,” Messidor 7, no. 12 (20 June 1919): 189. 139 “Barbusse et Séverine sont avel

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A Woman Politician in the Cold War Balkans

From Biography to History

Krassimira Daskalova

supporters in 1949 (as already mentioned, between 1949 and 1952 she was leader of the National Peace Committee) was actually a celebration of the WIDF’s antimilitarism and the achievements of “democratic” women around the world. Dragoicheva emphasized the