. Measurement is not about describing the world. It requires building an apparatus that makes that description possible. As Porter (1994: 404) puts it: To quantify a quality is not merely to solve an intellectual problem. It is to create what Latour calls a
Animation, Primitivism, and the Choreography of Vitality
-capture apparatus, “Jones was spooked a bit by all of this, especially when his movements were first captured. He felt as if the machines were trying to steal his soul, what primitive people first suspected photographers of doing. He said we were ‘ghostcatching
Black urban insurgency and antisocial security in twenty-first-century Philadelphia
apparatuses. In contrast to both popular and political discourses that emphasize black youth gatherings as antisocial criminal conduct, or that treat them as apolitical, I argue that they are a form of black urban insurgency. In Philadelphia and elsewhere, we
Crime as the Dark Projection of Authority in Early Modern England
to law enforcement, which means the organized apparatus that presides over the detection and punishment of criminals. Discourses of crime will intertwine in this analysis with discourses of surveillance in an attempt to explore the complexities of a
American Archaeological Misbehaviour in Late Ottoman Iraq (1899–1905)
represented by the vali, thus demonstrated a significant amount of oversight over antiquities and Western archaeological digs. The Heist at Adab Before his tenure as the director of the Adab site, Edgar James Banks tried to engage the official apparatus of the
Mobility, Liquidity and History in Shakespeare’s Mediterranean
Rui Carvalho Homem
and venues to consolidate the conceptual apparatus with which to confront them. 26 And indeed, prior to the disasters that have marked the second decade of the new millennium, academic and critical confrontation with the phenomena of human
To speak of ‘asylum’ is to speak of an intense fear released upon arrival in a sheltered place of calm. With political asylum, both the fear and the subsequent calm are politicized, because the origins of fear are typically understood to be identified with a state apparatus, and the umbrella of shelter is defined by the territorial boundaries of another nation-state. Seeking asylum involves more than escaping trouble in one’s homeland. It links that trouble to government and severs a connection between homeland and nationality. Defection, an extreme variant of asylum, is a politicized trade of nationality. However, in any asylum request, one’s prior nationality, if not repudiated altogether, must be placed in abeyance until such a time that the state apparatus of one’s homeland no longer persecutes dissent. Even so, rarely do those granted political asylum reclaim their prior nationality and return to their homeland once the conditions of persecution have vanished.
Abstraction and Apparatuses of Atmospheric Attunement in Matsutake Worlds
Scenes from mushroom technosciences illuminate forms, practices, and temporalities of atmospheric attunement. This article reanimates moments from scientific literature where chemists and mycologists chase elusive smells and spores, explicating how scientists’ experimental apparatuses of attunement arrange conditions for matsutake to be reduced and concentrated toward the goal of sensibility. Reduction and concentration do more than translate atmospheric elusiveness into specification; achieved through grinding, evaporating, and remixing, they condition a ‘tending to suspension’. Tending to suspension amplifies qualities and throws subjects and sensorial attention into the middle of volumes and durations. ‘Tending’ implies care as well as a ‘tending toward’—the sense that something may develop a tendency. Experimental apparatuses of atmospheric attunement, tending to such tendings, model a method for anthropological study of diffuse objects.
Egalitarianism and Hierarchy in a Model Democracy
The Swiss system of direct democracy is in many ways paradoxical. The federal structure counteracts the formation of centralizing state hierarchies and protects the egalitarian representation of local political interests. Simultaneously, local political structures can have hierarchical and exclusionary effects, especially when democratic processes are turned into values. This article considers the tensions between egalitarian and hierarchical values in Swiss democratic structures in the wake of the rise of anti-foreigner and anti-EU passions harnessed by extreme right-wing parties. These tensions are heightened in the context of global processes that are transforming the structures of the state, as corporate power undermines state apparatuses with the potential to subvert democratic practices.
An Indigenous Critique of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation
Lauren Eichler and David Baumeister
Within the mainstream environmental movement, regulated hunting is commonly defended as a tool for preserving and managing populations of wild animals for future generations. We argue that this justification, encapsulated in the seven principles of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation, perpetuates settler colonialism—an institutional and theoretical apparatus that systemically eliminates Indigenous peoples, expropriates Indigenous lands, and disqualifies Indigenous worldviews—insofar as it manifests an anthropocentric ideology that objectifies hunted animals as “natural resources” to be extracted. Because this ideology is antithetical to Indigenous views, its imposition through hunting regulation interrupts Indigenous lifeways, contributing to the destruction of Indigenous identity.