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Strikingly Low Agreement in the Appraisal of Motion Pictures

Pascal Wallisch and Jake Alden Whritner

picture that they are in fact highly consistent between viewers—the degree of agreement in the appraisal of a given movie between viewers—whether or not they liked it—remains largely unexplored. We want to be clear that this more wholistic appraisal that

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An Appraisal of Participant Observation Methodology

Soheila Shahshahani


All different sciences are defined in a specific way. It is not enough to define anthropology as a science that has studied human beings at all times and all places. It is the methodology of anthropology that is unique and increasingly appreciated by other fields. With the spread of COVID-19, as displacement became a problem, for the researcher and for those s/he had to be with, this methodology was temporarily put into question: social media or simply telephone contacts to gather data was used. The collection of articles in this issue reconfirms that it is through participant observation that the researcher can diligently and exhaustively study a topic or shine new light upon well-studied topics. Our topics are varied this time, some papers are from different fields, our methodology remains the same.

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An Appraisal of Our Situation in Anthropology and Some Suggestions on Improvement

Soheila Shahshahani

As from this issue of Anthropology of the Middle East, we are planning a new section, open to all readers, to share their academic experience in the Middle East. For those of us working in the region, anthropology has been a difficult field to get established and to contribute its share to the academia of the Middle East and from there to the academia and the public in the Middle East, and to the world of anthropology at large. We have had a variety of difficulties, as you will see in this text, and when we mention them, we realise anthropologists in some other countries far and wide have had similar experiences. Here, we propose to open an arena for expression and discussion with the hope of facilitating the road for younger anthropologists. In doing so, we shall not be pointing the finger at any one person or academic institutions, but wish to adopt a more comprehensive and holistic approach in addressing and solving our problems, and suggesting some solutions.

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Critiquing Sub-Saharan Pan-Africanism through an Appraisal of Postcolonial African Modernity

Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi


What vision directs pan-Africanism and which developmental model does it support and promote? To answer this question, the article evaluates pan-Africanism within the demands of African modernity and locates the extent to which pan-Africanism meets the aspiration of African modernity. It argues that pan-Africanism has what amounts to a north-bound gaze and supports development imperialism, and shows that for this reason it is not properly grounded on African realities, the consequence of which is the weakness of African modernity. The article suggests a re-articulation of pan-Africanism through the ideology of pro-Africanism, which holds that autonomy and self-will are two cardinal principles that are fundamental to African self-definition but which pan-Africanism is not in a position to provide because it amounts to a subordination of African difference. It concludes that a redirection of the African vision in this direction is a worthier ideological alternative to pan-Africanism.

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Democratic Theory and the Empirical Study of Popular Vote Processes

Spencer McKay

Altman, David. 2018. Citizenship and Contemporary Direct Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Dyck, Joshua, and Edward Lascher. 2019. Initiatives without Engagement: A Realistic Appraisal of Direct Democracy's Secondary

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Stafford, Philip. 2018. The global age‐friendly community movement: a critical appraisal (Vol. 5). New York: Berghahn Books. 286 pp. Pb.: US$135.00. ISBN: 9781785336676.

Konstantin Galkin

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Mobile Representations of a “New Pacific”

A Comment

Frances Steel

visual culture, the ways in which changing attitudes toward ocean-going mobility prompted new textual and visual forms of appraisal and representation of the Pacific and, in turn, fashioned new mobile subjectivities. The heightened opportunities for

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Re-viewing the Past and Facing the Future

Laurence Grove, Anne Magnussen, and Ann Miller

shares her love of the medium and her experience of solidarity among her fellow artists but has a cooler appraisal of the current political scene and the health of the comics culture in the United Kingdom. Philippe Delisle returns to the original black

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Hollywood Aesthetic


Todd Berliner

their worldviews in a novel, ambiguous, or peculiar way, upsetting our appraisals of events and characters and complicating our intellectual and emotional experiences. Ideological constraints in studio-era Hollywood shaped the aesthetic properties of

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Toward Comprehensive Conceptualizations of Contemporary Public Health

Participation as the Cornerstone of Appropriate Methodologies

Harry Nijhuis

of major discourses of public health in the past two centuries, and (2) critical appraisal of today’s societal tendencies, which—as I hypothesize—are highly influential to the emergence of or need for specific concepts and approaches. In the second