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Yagil Levy

( Levy 2019: 169–170 ), this affair further exposed the blurred boundaries between army units and Jewish settlers in the West Bank, as the killing scene was largely dominated by local settlers. As such, the Azaria affair reflects the fundamental

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Masculinity on Stage

Dueling in the Greek Capital, 1870–1918

Dimitra Vassiliadou

were no incidents of violations of so-called family honor, but rather cases of sullying politicians’ and army men's public image and social standing. This fact was a source of puzzlement even for the experts on honor issues, like Michael Fouridis, the

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Nina Leonhard

On 3 October 1990, the National People's Army (NVA) of the German Democratic Republic, in which about 2.5 million East German citizens served their country, was dissolved. Its personnel either was removed from military service, placed into early retirement, or integrated into the Bundeswehr after a two-year selection and examination process. Since then, the NVA has turned into an object of history with no immediate significance for contemporary German society—despite efforts of former NVA officers to change the official interpretation of 1989-1990. This article examines the processes of remembering and forgetting with regard to East Germany's military heritage since 1990, contrasting the Bundeswehr's politics of memory and “army of unity” ethos not only with the former NVA soldiers' vision of the past, but also with the East German population's general attitude towards their former armed forces.

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Re-thinking Antimilitarism

France 1898-1914

Elizabeth Propes

Conservative French nationalists had successfully labeled antimilitarism as antinationalist in the two decades preceding World War I. Because some of the more vocal antimilitarists were also involved in anarchist and radical Marxist organizations, historians largely have accepted this antinationalist label while also arguing that French nationalism had lost its connections to the French Revolution and become a more extremist, protofascist movement. A closer look at mainstream antimilitarist arguments, however, reveals the continued existence of the republican nationalism that had dominated the nineteenth century and shows that antimilitarists did not reject their nation. Instead, antimilitarists sought to protect the Republic, which they saw as synonymous with the nation, against an increasingly conservative, anti-Republic military and conservative nationalists, whom antimilitarists saw as a danger to a republican France.

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Michael McGuire

On 21 March 1917, France’s Third Army described the utter desolation it encountered among 25,368 Picardy inhabitants just abandoned by Germany. That month, Third Army troops under General Georges Humbert entered Aisne, Oise, and Somme villages, such

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Lowry Martin

's Salvation Army (2013) is considered to be one of the first films from the Arab-speaking world directed by a gay man, centered on an openly gay protagonist, and comprising the autofictional narrative of the director's life ( Alami 2014 ). Salvation Army is

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The Puzzle of The University on Air

A Story of Media and Academia in Israel, 1977–2013

Hagai Boas and Ayelet Baram-Tsabari

radio that does the trick for the professors: you have to stop talking after 20 minutes. The program is simply over. This makes the lectures focused, concise, and on a high academic level. I speak as the minister of education when I say I envy the army

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Hieronymus Purwanta

In many national curricula militaristic narratives in history textbooks tend to represent the domination of society by the army. Recent research into Pakistan history textbooks, for example, illustrates that this country’s historical narrative is

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The Missing Policing

The Absent Concept of Policing and Its Substitutes in Israeli Military Doctrine

Ofra Ben-Ishai

Although the Israel Defense Force (IDF) has been engaged in policing for over 50 years ( Yossef 2019 ), like Western armies ( Beers 2007 ) it has done little to develop a general policing doctrine ( Michael and Siboni 2016 ). This is particularly

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The Debts of War

Bifurcated Veterans’ Mobilization and Political Order in Post-settlement El Salvador

Ralph Sprenkels

military regime pitted against a growing revolutionary opposition movement, including labor unions, church groups, and clandestine guerrillas ( Almeida 2008 ; Byrne 1996 ). The military regime found its support not only in the army but also among the