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Meta-Emotion: How Films and Music Videos Communicate Emotions About Emotions

Anne Bartsch

This article outlines a conceptual framework for analyzing meta-emotions in audiovisual media. Meta-emotions are evaluative thoughts and feelings about emotions that are represented and/or elicited in the viewer. Based on a conceptual analysis of meta-emotion in terms of current emotion theory the essay concludes that meta-emotions are communicated on different levels of cognitive complexity. Cues to meta-emotion can be present in (1) the aesthetic representation of emotions; (2) the narrative context of emotions; and (3) symbolic elements that refer to cultural norms and values concerning emotions. The essay exemplifies this three-level framework using a film scene and a music video. Specifically, the essay analyzes the communication of meta-emotions about anger in Fight Club, and meta-emotions about sadness in Frozen.

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The Effect of Music and Editing Style on Subjective Perception of Time When Watching Videos

An Eye-tracking Study

Kathryn Nicole Sam and K. Jayasankara Reddy

time overestimations. Research on music and time perception has also been conducted in the context of audiovisual media. In one study, participants watched a short film accompanied by one of four background music tracks or with no sound at all. Once

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Films and Existential Feelings

Jens Eder


This article shows in what ways Matthew Ratcliffe’s phenomenological theory of existential feelings is relevant to film and media studies. Existential feelings are “feelings in the body, which are experienced as one‘s relationship with the world as a whole.” They are related to other concepts in film theory; however, their relation to films has never been systematically examined. The article discusses how audiovisual media are able to represent, express, and evoke existential feelings, and even work as “qualia machines” in making viewers partially share feelings of characters. Focusing on the paradigmatic case of depression and on exemplary films like Dominik Graf’s Deine besten Jahre, the article identifies different aesthetic strategies to express existential feelings. Building on that, the article argues that the power of films to evoke related feelings in the viewers is a crucial factor in spreading ideas about how others feel and conveying collective structures of feeling.

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Exhibition and Book Reviews

Matthew Screech, Susan Slyomovics, Armelle Blin-Rolland, and Ana Merino

Bande dessinée et adaptation , in contrast with excellent edited volumes such as Drawn from the Classics or Film and Comic Books , lies in its dual focus on adaptation from literature to comics in its first half, and from or into audiovisual media in

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Examining Suspension of Disbelief, Perceived Realism, and Involvement in the Enjoyment of Documentary-Style Fictional Films

Qihao Ji and Arthur A. Raney

viewers conduct “mental simulation” while watching audiovisual media ( Worth 2004 ), and therefore need no specific means to deal with the fictionality of the fiction. Grounded by several psychological studies on written narratives, Rick Busselle and

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Guest Editor's Introduction

Phenomenology Encounters Cognitivism

Robert Sinnerbrink

the sciences and the humanities. This will enable us to understand more precisely the challenges to embodiment raised by contemporary technologies and ethically challenging developments in audiovisual media “such as the creation of virtual humans and

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Meglio di ieri

Educational Films, National Identity and Citizenship in Italy from 1948 to 1968

Anne Bruch

and aims of the new institutions and to explain the general decision-making process, but also to promote a fresh and convincing vision of national identity. Attracted by the suggestive power of audiovisual media, the government was keen to accord a key

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Educational Film Studies

A Burgeoning Field of Research

Anne Bruch

transferred into vivid images using all kinds of forms of cinematic techniques. 47 Since the early 1920s audiovisual media took on an important role in disseminating scientific knowledge. New film procedures made it possible to alter the viewers’ perception of

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Are Movies Making Us Smarter?

The Role of Cinematic Evolution in the Flynn Effect

Tim J. Smith, Claire Essex, and Rachael Bedford

delivery platforms through which we consume audiovisual media (e.g., cinemas, broadcast TV, Netflix, YouTube, TikTok, etc.) has meant that feature-length movies are simply one component of a rich and highly varied screen culture. This switch to new modes of

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Democratizing the Digital Collection

New Players and New Pedagogies in Three-Dimensional Cultural Heritage

Jane-Heloise Nancarrow

Daniel Peckham . 2002 . “ The Benefits of 3D Modeling and Animation in Medical Teaching .” Journal of Audiovisual Media in Medicine 25 ( 4 ): 142 – 148 . 10.1080/0140511021000051117 Were , Graeme . 2014 . “ Digital Heritage, Knowledge Networks