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Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

, yet different in important ways. I shall suggest the concept of “liberation autochthony” to describe this particular form of exclusionary nationalism. However, despite its importance, the Namibian ex-combatant and veteran politics might paradoxically

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Indigeneity and autochthony

A couple of false twins?

Quentin Gausset, Justin Kenrick, and Robert Gibb

The term indigenous tends to be used for people who are already marginalised, while autochthonous is generally reserved for people who are dominant in a given area but fear future marginalisation. Anthropologists often sympathise with the former, while being highly critical of the latter, although a bitter debate opposes opponents and proponents of indigeneity and autochthony. We argue that the implicit criteria used in this debate need to be discussed explicitly if one wants to escape from the dead end in which the discussion finds itself today.

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Autochthony, Rumor Dynamics, and Communal Violence in Western Ugand

Rune Hjalmar Espeland

Across Africa, conflicts over land rights are increasingly centered on notions of autochthony. This article analyzes a violent event that took place in 2003 in connection with ethnically biased land redistribution in Western Uganda. Through the concepts of autochthony and communal violence, it analyzes the wider political context, tracing the processes from ethnic conflict to communal violence between autochthonous Banyoro and immigrant Bafuruki ethnic groups. Foregrounding the role of rumors in communal violence, it argues that rumors are not simply a response to conflict. Rather, they are constitutive of the situation, particularly in the formation of common moral imagination and in shaping the direction of social processes between the conflicting parties.

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‘Today, I am no Mutwa1 anymore’

Facets of national unity discourse in present‐day Rwanda

Christiane Adamczyk

In post‐genocide Rwanda, where reconciliation and the re‐building of the Rwandan nation are at the core of domestic politics, a new approach towards ethnicity and a revised narrative of Rwandan histoy form the framework for the promotion of national unity. Given the overarching goal of unification, claims for autochthony as made by one Rwandan NGO triggered an argument with the government and were considered divisionist. By examining possible different meanings given to the notion ‘autochthony’, this article describes the controversy arising from those claims for special status on the national level and their relevance for local processes of identification.

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From ‘the Europe of the regions’ to ‘the European Champion League’

The electoral appeal of populist autochthony discourses in Flanders

Bambi Ceuppens

This contribution traces three interconnected evolutions that characterise the transformation of Flemish nationalism into autochthony as Flemings obtained more cultural autonomy, the cultural influence of the Flemish Movement declined and Flemish nationalists started radicalising their political demands; as Flemings obtained more political autonomy, demands for greater economic autonomy started extending beyond the Flemish‐nationalist fringe; and as Flanders became more autonomous in relation to the federal state, Flemings started identifying increasingly with a new Flemish culture. In the process, both ‘allochtons’ and Francophone Belgians came to be construed as Flanders' ultimate ‘others’.

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Misunderstanding of autochthony vis‐à‐vis the question of indigenous peoples

Irène Bellier

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‘Characters … stamped upon the mind’. On the a priority of character in the Caribbean everyday

Huon Wardle

‘Character’ was a key term in the early development of Anthropology as a discipline – Kant gives over the entire last section of his to refining the idea of character as a ‘way of thinking’. Perhaps inevitably, however, its ideological career since then – as the mark of a kind, or type of person – has been highly ambivalent. In the Caribbean, though, the idiosyncratic biographical gaze has loomed large. This article explores the status of character in an urban Caribbean everyday, where the demonstration of character through ‘talkover’ has profound social effects. Where does character come from? And what is its futurity in a social setting where no one can lay claim to autochthony, yet where ‘gifts’ are foundational to the ‘respect’ someone can command? Character belongs partly to the past as ‘a priority’, partly to the future as utopian protention.

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Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement

Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space

Jesper Bjarnesen

rebels effectively divided the country in two, labor migrants and long-settled immigrant families were forced to return to their country of origin. While the Ivorian crisis to a large extent revolved around notions of autochthony and belonging that

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Book Reviews

Nefissa Naguib, Pauline Peters, Nancy Ries, Murray Garde, Zhiying Ma, and Frédéric Keck

have taken on the same cultural expressions of belonging. Emplacement is linked to ‘autochthony’. Aware of possible objections to considering citizens of European heritage autochthonous, Gressier distinguishes “experiential autochthony” as “the

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Introduction

War Veterans and the Construction of Citizenship Categories

Nikkie Wiegink, Ralph Sprenkels, and Birgitte Refslund Sørensen

language and autochthony. Furthermore, the study of war veteranship also contributes to recent critiques in anthropology of citizen—state relations as shaped by the state's top-down imposition on the one hand and resistance or alternatives to the state