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Buy or barter?

Illegal yet licit purchases of work in contemporary Sweden

Lotta Björklund Larsen

This article explores the tensions between buying and bartering a ser vice in contemporary Sweden by analyzing the acceptable purchase of svart arbete -informal exchanges of work. It is a commonplace phenomenon, but also widely debated, as it is seen as detrimental to welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals and solidarity with fellow citizens. Settling the svart deal with money makes the links to market and state domains more pertinent. Even cash-settled deals are therefore often referred to as barters to create a reverse disentanglement, away from the formal market and moved closer to the realm of social exchanges. The informants express a verbal creativity in a joking manner. Exploring synonyms and metaphors reveals the informality, but the talk also shows that, as exchanges, they are part of everyday life. The article thus describes how illegal yet licit exchanges of work are articulated.

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'The Art of the Deal'

Preferences in Spouse Selection among Parents in a Hasidic Community

Sima Zalcberg Block

This article examines the considerations that guide parents in an extreme Hasidic community with regard to mate selection for their children. Findings of the study indicate that an appreciable number of factors deal with personal aspects of a prospective match, such as age, external appearance, intellectual abilities, and genetic compatibility, while some concern the family of an intended match, for example, the family's financial status, lineage, and general history of health. Conspicuous by its absence is any consideration of the compatibility of the couple themselves. Gender differences are significant in relation to the importance of the different variables. The study findings reflect the prevalent attitude in ultra-Orthodox society that sees marriage for the most part as a contractual agreement between families, demonstrating that this is, in effect, a barter system between two parties—the families of the projected couple.

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Susann Baez Ullberg

produce and sell food, are enrolled in multiple social welfare plans, and participate in barter exchange and the social economy, as this article will show. Based on this ethnography and drawing on social theories of memory, I shall argue that the everyday

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Richard Westra

, pillories Adam Smith’s ‘myth of barter’ which imputes to an unspecified society in a ‘state of nature’ the mechanisms of market ‘exchange’ akin to Smith’s eighteenth-century English village ( Graeber 2012 : Chapter 2). Polanyi, on the other hand, refers to

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Nigel Dodd

. Hudson , Michael . 2004 . “The Archaeology of Money: Debt Versus Barter Theories of Money’s Origins.” In Credit and State Theories of Money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes , ed. L. Randall Wray , 99 – 127 . C heltenham : Edward Elgar

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Afterword

For a New Materialist Analytics of Time

Laura Bear

bartering are all forms of accumulation by care that blur the boundaries between leisure and work. Because this key separation is indistinct in these contexts, capital is not only encountered as a force acting through time. Instead, a different experience is

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What Is Money?

A Definition Beyond Materiality and Quantity

Emanuel Seitz

, but as a set of functions for humans. While for Smith ([1776] 2007: 15) , the division of labor is a “consequence of a certain propensity in human nature … to truck, barter, and exchange,” for Plato’s dialogue partners, a certain propensity within

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An Environmentally Literate Explorer

A. E. Nordenskiöld’s Three Expeditions to the North Asian Coast, 1875–1879

Seija A. Niemi

, and minerals, have long been much appreciated. Furs provided a significant source of mercantile capital in the early Russian state. They not only served as the most important item of barter with foreign countries but also as a major commodity of

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David Hawkes

elementary barter, economic exchange demands the mediation of a universal equivalent, a common denominator, in terms of which the value of any commodity can be expressed. This common denominator is ‘exchange-value’, and it is represented in the objective form

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Richard H. Weisberg

this, and especially about that meta-triangulator Antonio, whom she will sarcastically call Bassanio’s ‘surety’ as the comedy ends. Evaluating as she now can the merchant and the always bartering Christian husbands, she is less like Paul to Timothy than