Language contact between Russian and non-Russian-speaking populations in the Russian Federation has typically produced subtractive bilingualism with successive generations of ethnolingual minorities shifting to Russian. Tuvan, an Altai-Sayan Turkic language spoken in the Republic of Tyva in southern Siberia, displayed a high level of intergenerational transmission during the Soviet period. This interdisciplinary study examines the evolution of the Tuvan literary language and the key institutions supporting Tuvan language literacy. The article places the development of Tuvan language literacy in a historical perspective, viewing it as part of the overall evolution of Tuvan-Russian language contact. The article also reviews local policies enacted to revitalize Tuvan literacy since the end of the Soviet period.
Joan F. Chevalier
Language Ideologies and Choices among Urban Sakha Bilingual Families
This article discusses urban ethnic Sakha bilinguals and their language ideologies and choices, especially with regard to the language socialization of their children—both at home and within the educational system. The usage of the Sakha language within urban spaces has been on the rise in the post-Soviet years, but still tends to be acquired in the home environment as a first language, whereas Russian is acquired later in the public sphere and reinforced in the educational system. The article explores some of the ideological and structural barriers toward Sakha acquisition and maintenance that speakers face, with apprehension regarding bilingualism and the mastery of two languages in educational contexts being a key concern for many Sakha parents. The article also discusses language instruction—especially in schools—in light of the need to begin to accommodate those with little or no Sakha knowledge in order to continue to increase the usage of Sakha by urban speakers.
Neriko Musha Doerr
’: students who belonged to the Māori–English bilingual unit at a secondary school in Aotearoa/New Zealand; an American student who studied abroad in the U.K. and learned in ways that are not valued in the dominant study-abroad discourse of immersion; and
The Ker-Is Legend in Bande Dessinée
(À Suivre) [(To be continued)] from 1978, the legend is reframed by bilingual Breton-French chapters set at a fest-noz [night party] in the late 1970s, at which two singers perform a kan ha diskan (a polyphonic form of singing that translates as
A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe
Silvia-Maria Chireac and Anna Devis Arbona
respect for parents’ freedom to decide the kind of education they would like for their children. Research has shown that “learners learn best in their mother tongue as a prelude to and complement of bilingual education approaches” ( United Nations
From June 17 to August 21, 2011 the University of Innsbruck (Austria) hosted the group exhibition “L’Italia alla finestra: Außen- und Innensichen” (Italy at window: Outside and outside views), commemorating the 150th anniversary of the unification of Italy. The bilingual title focuses on the necessity to consider a country from several perspectives. Seven artists from Italy and Austria, belonging to different generations, were invited to the baroque cellars of the Imperial Palace of Innsbruck to give their perspective and present their work.
Anthropological Interventions in Classroom Settings with Latin@ Immigrant Students
Alicia Re Cruz
This article describes the author's experiences as a professor in a Bilingual Education Programme at a local university; students are public school teachers in North Texas, teaching in classrooms ranging from 80 to 95 per cent Latin@ students. The author uses multi-sited ethnography and history in order to set the scenario for the political, ideological and economic factors embedded in the understanding of the Latin@ immigrant community presence in the area. The article documents anthropological 'intervention' strategies through papers and research projects. Students (public school teachers) are required to exercise participatory approaches to engage their own Latin@ students in their research papers. Through analysis of the transformative research projects presented by the students, the author documents the power of anthropological intervention and the effects in education policy.
David Evans, Joanne Trevenna, David C. Green, Tina M. Kelleher, Mary Waldren, Andy Croft, George Wotton, Dennis Brown, Shorsha Sullivan, Dimitris Lyacos, and Adam Rounce
ILLUMINATIONS: An International Magazine of Contemporary Writing – New Writing from South and Southern Africa. The Rathasker Press; Summer 1998. ISSN 0736–4725. Subs $20; STO £5, Illuminations, Department of English, College of Charleston, 66 George Street, Charleston, SC 29424–0001, USA
Gothic Forms of Feminine Fictions. Susanne Becker (Manchester University Press, 1999), ISBN 0–7190–5331–5
In the Shadow of the Holocaust and Other Essays. C. Ponomareff (Amsterdam-Atlanta: Rodopi, 1998), ISBN: 90–420–0562–9
Strange Gourmets: Sophistication, Theory and the Novel. Joseph Litvak (Durham: Duke University Press, 1997), ISBN 0–8223–2016–9; £14.95
Maria Edgeworth’s Irish Writing: Language, History and Politics. Brian Hollingsworth (London: Macmillan, 1997), ISBN 0–333–68166–5.
Working-Class Fiction from Chartism to Trainspotting. Ian Haywood (Plymouth: Northcote House, 1997). Writers and theirWork Series, ISBN 0–7463–0780–2; £8.99
A Preface To Greene. Cedric Watts (Longman, 1997), ISBN 0–582–25019–6; £14.99 (paperback)
The Radical Twenties: Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. John Lucas (Five Leaves Publications, 1997), ISBN 0–907123–17–1 paperback; £11.99
Lives of the Poets. Michael Schmidt (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999), ISBN 0–297–84014–2; £22.00
Jonz. Philip Ramp (Athens, 1997). Translated by Lydia Stephanou. Bilingual edition.
Studies in Classic Australian Fiction. Michael Wilding (Sydney and Nottingham: Sydney Studies in Society and Culture, and Shoestring Press, 1997), ISBN 0–949405–13–2; £12.99
T. J. Lustig, Anna Tripp, George Wotton, Brenda McKay, Mary Joannou, Nilli Diengott, Helen Boak, David C. Green, Sue Dymoke, Matt Simpson, Adam Rounce, Loraine Fletcher, Shorsha Sullivan, and Andy Croft
Russell Reising, Loose Ends: Closure and Crisis in the American Social Text (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1996), £52.50 cloth, £16.95 paperback, ISBN 0-8223-1891-1.
Linda Simon, Gertrude Stein Remembered (Lincoln & London: University of Nebraska Press, 1994; UK Publication date: October 1997), £13.95, ISBN 0-8032-9248-1 (PB).
Bertolt Brecht, War Primer, translated and edited with an afterword and notes by John Willett, Libris Press, 1998, £35 hardback, ISBN 1-870352-21-1.
Alison Byerly, Realism, Representation, and the Arts in Nineteenth- Century Literature, Cambridge, New York and Oxford: Cambridge University Press, 1997, £35 hardback, ISBN 05-21-581168.
Jenny Hartley, Millions Like Us: British Women’s Fiction of the Second World War, London: Virago, 1997, £14.99 paperback, ISBN 1-86049-080-8.
Gill Plain, Women’s Fiction of the Second World War: Gender, Power and Resistance, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996, £14.99 paperback, ISBN 0 7486 0661 0.
Joseph Carroll, Evolution and Literary Theory, University of Missouri Press, 1995, ISBN 0 8262 0979 3.
Dagmar C.G. Lorenz, Keepers of the Motherland, Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1997, pp. xxii + 402, £52.50, ISBN 0-8032-2917-8.
Howard Barker: Arguments For A Theatre (Third Edition), ISBN 0-7190-5249-1, paperback.
Jean ‘Binta’ Breeze, On the Edge of an Island, 1997, Bloodaxe, ISBN: 1-85224-405-4.
Gillian Ferguson, Air for Sleeping Fish, 1997, Bloodaxe, ISBN:1-85224-416-X.
Katie Donovan, Entering the Mare, 1997, Bloodaxe, ISBN:1-85224-429-1.
John Kinsella, The Hunt & Other Poems, Bloodaxe Books, £7.95, ISBN 1-85224-441-0
David Duncombe, Pencilling In, Redbeck Press, 1997, £3.95, ISBN 0-946980-42-X.
Hugh Dunkerley, Walking to the Fire Tower Redbeck Press, 1997, £3.95, ISBN 0-946980-44-6, £3.95.
Martin Edwards, Coconut Heart Redbeck Press, 1997, £3.95, ISBN 0-946980-45-4, £3.95
Anne Rouse, Timing, Bloodaxe Books, 1997
Ruth Fainlight, Sugar Paper Blue, Bloodaxe Books, 1997
Jane Holland, The Brief History of a Disreputable Woman, Bloodaxe Books, 1997
Philip Ramp, Jonz, Translated by Lydia Stephanou, Athens, 1997, Bilingual Edition.
Glyn Wright, Shindig, Bloodaxe, £6.95, ISBN 1-85224-409-7.
David Siar, Anna Tripp, T. J. Lustig, John Simons, Sharon Monteith, Peter Stoneley, Tina M. Kelleher, Alison Sweeney, Alison Chapman, Dennis Brown, Maurice Rutherford, Michael Murphy, and Matt Simpson
The Illusions of Postmodernism by Terry Eagleton. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996. Pp. X + 147, $44.95 hb.; $15.95 pb.
Mother Love by Rita Dove. New York: Norton, 1996. pp. 78, ISBN 0393314448 £7.95.
Distinguished Discord: Discontinuity and Pattern in the Critical Tradition of ‘The Turn of the Screw’ by Robin P. Hoople, Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 1997, £34.50). Pp. 328. ISBN 0-8387-5326-4.
European English Now, European Journal of English Studies, 1. 1. Swets and Zeitlinger, 132 pp., $69 / Dfl 115 to individuals, Dfl. 70 to ESSE members.
The Norton Anthology of African American Literature, Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Nellie Y. McKay et al., New York: Norton, 1997, pp. 2,665 Paper with CD 0393959082 £21.00.
Mark Twain in the Company of Women, by Laura E. Skandera- Trombley, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994; paper £15.50. Pp. xxiii, 219. ISBN 0 8122 1619 9.
Monsters in the Closet: Homosexuality and the Horror Film by Harry M. Benshoff. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997. Cloth £45.00 ISBN 0719044723, paper £14.99 ISBN 071904473.
Kate M. Cleary. A Literary Biography with Selected Works by Susanne K George. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. 250 pp. Cloth £28.50, ISBN: 0-8032-2164-9.
Consuming Subjects: British Women and Consumer Culture in the Eighteenth-Century by Elizabeth Kowalski-Wallace. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. cloth £32.00 ISBN 0231105789; paper £12.00 ISBN 0231105797.
Paul Oppenheimer, An Intelligent Person’s Guide To Modern Guilt, (London: Duckworth, 1997), pp. 127, cloth £12.95 ISBN 0-7156- 2759-7.
Passing Through Glass by Hugh Underhill. (National Poetry Foundation, 1997) ISBN 1 900726 10 6, £5.00
The Vigil by C K Williams. (Bloodaxe Books, 1997) ISBN 1 85224 402 X, £7.95
Yeah Yeah Yeah by Roddy Lumsden. (Bloodaxe Books, 1997) ISBN 1 85224 403 8, £7.95
Kiosk by Hans Magnus Enzensberger, translated by Michael Hamburger. Bloodaxe Books, 1997.
La Jeune Parque by Paul Valéry. French - English Bilingual Edition, translated by Alistair Elliot. Bloodaxe Books, 1997.
Nantucket and the Angel by Gillian Allnutt. Bloodaxe Books. ISBN I - 8 5224 - 382 1 £6.95
The Sky Behind the Forest – Selected Poems by Liliana Ursu. Bloodaxe Books. ISBN I - 85224 - 386 - 4 £7.95