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Aref Abu-Rabia

The main purpose of this article is to describe traditional breastfeeding practices among the pastoral tribes in the Middle East. It also examines beliefs and attitudes towards breastfeeding and related issues, including pregnancy, infections of the breast nipple, sources of milk, 'bad milk' syndrome and breastfeeding as a contraceptive method. The most significant findings are that mothers relate breastfeeding to their physical and psychological state. There are also symbolic and emotional relationships between human babies and the colostrum of animals. A survey of medicinal cures for problems related to breastfeeding reveals that these cures are based on substances found in the desert pastoral environment.

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The Guilty Brelfie

Censored Breastfeeding Selfies Reclaim Public Space

Mari E. Ramler

Breastfeeding mothers and their babies are simultaneously in the public sphere and hidden from public view. Although social media has the potential to normalize attitudes toward breastfeeding by increasing visibility, Facebook and Instagram maintain an unpredictable censorship policy toward “brelfies”—female breast selfies—which has undermined progress. Combining Iris Marion Young’s “undecidability” of the breasted experience with Brett Lunceford’s rhetoric of nakedness, this article investigates what breastfeeding mothers communicate online via digital images when they expose their breasts. By deconstructing controversial case studies, this article concludes that brelfies have increased breastfeeding’s accessibility and acceptability in the material world.

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Replenishing Milk Sons

Changing Kinship Practices among the Sahrāwī, North Africa

Konstantina Isidoros

). Following on such advances are studies on breastfeeding related to Western/‘First World’ developmental ideologies to improve global health; such studies make no mention of milk kinship, assuming and focusing on ‘biological breastfeeding’ and not on social

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Emerging Kinship in a Changing Middle East

Soraya Tremayne

, in the context of the use of milk kinship in relation to ART: ‘In Islamic law, breastfeeding institutes a type of kinship relation ( ridā ‘, “milk kinship”), historically a medium for complex social and political networks in the Middle East, although

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Calm Vessels

Cultural Expectations of Pregnant Women in Qatar

Susie Kilshaw, Daniel Miller, Halima Al Tamimi, Faten El-Taher, Mona Mohsen, Nadia Omar, Stella Major, and Kristina Sole

fenugreek and warn against its use in pregnancy. It is commonly recommended as a means to increase milk supply in breastfeeding mothers. ‘Hot’ food items should be avoided during pregnancy because they are thought to cause miscarriage. As Layla, a 25-year

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The Office de la Famille Française

Familialism and the National Revolution in 1940s Morocco

Margaret Cook Andersen

during the interwar period, the FFO’s leaders sought to encourage breastfeeding. A rare example of a financial benefit directed specifically at low-income women was a stipend for breastfeeding mothers. The prime de l’allaitement amounted to a lump sum

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Like a Tumbleweed in Eden

The Diasporic Lives of Concepts

Banu Subramaniam

Schiebinger 29 reveals that when Linnaeus was naming his classification system, there was a big campaign in the United Kingdom to promote breastfeeding. Therefore, even though mammals are defined by many characteristics that distinguish them from those

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‘Everybody's Always Here with Me!’

Pandemic Proximity and the Lockdown Family

Hannah McNeilly and Koreen M. Reece

developed symptoms. She could not physically separate from her breastfeeding baby, nor could she ensure the single shared bathroom would be wiped down after each use. Her family's physical proximity under lockdown, combined with the contagiousness of COVID

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Abdulla Al Sayyari, Fayez Hejaili, and Faissal Shaheen

-appointed scholars, accusing them of being ‘Shiokh al Sultan’ (the Sultan’s Sheikhs), implying that they tailor their fatwâs to the ruler’s wishes. Relationships Linked to Breast-Milk Feeding Factor Islamic beliefs related to breastfeeding are unique and

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Tuğçe Kayaal

mı? [A girl or a boy?] (Dersaadet: Araks Publications, 1913), 1–15. 20 For more information, see Balsoy, Politics of Reproduction ; and Tuğçe Kayaal, “Breastfeeding: Ottoman Empire,” in Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures , ed. Suad Joseph