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Niki Megalommati

Joannes Zonaras comprised the foundations of canon law. 25 Ecumenical councils were convened by the emperor himself, who was present as overseer and presider; he also approved and validated the acts of the councils. As early as the fifth century, Emperor

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Gender and Empire

The Imprisonment of Women in Eighteenth-Century Siberia

Gwyn Bourlakov

are not more specific about the imprisonment of the clergy is that they had immunity from civil law. Traditionally church personnel fell under the jurisdiction of canon law dating back to the reign of Prince Vladimir from 988 to 1015 and Prince

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Eternity and Print

How Medieval Ideas of Time Influenced the Development of Mechanical Reproduction of Texts and Images

Bennett Gilbert

nature or degree of divine immanence. 44 In the rhetoric of canon law—as developed late in the Middle Ages—a relic was both res sacra (a thing consecrated by a pontifex ) and res spiritualis (a spiritual annexum to ordinary things). 45 The real

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God's Voice in a Secular Society

A Christian Perspective

Trevor Wedman

content of the norms within the legal system is not only similar to, but actually an extension or application of moral theology, with the legal norms of the Western societies developing out of the Roman law which co-existed harmoniously with Canon law for

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Representing Sanctuary

On Flatness and Aki Kaurismäki's Le Havre

Vinh Nguyen

is a particular response to the problem of protection, a particular way of providing refuge to those facing prosecution for seeking refuge. Rooted in Canon Law and Christian traditions of providing asylum for fugitives and criminals, and invoked in

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Inaudito exemplo

The Abduction of Romsey’s Abbess

Linda D. Brown

notion of raptus . For example, three late twelfth- and early thirteenth-century annals and chronicles from the Low Countries emphasize the wickedness of the plot within the context of canon law: “ abbatisam raptam de monasterio ,” “ de monasterio ubi

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The Corpus Christi Devotion

Gender, Liturgy, and Authority among Dominican Nuns in Castile in the Middle Ages

Mercedes Pérez Vidal

limitations imposed on them, that even were in contradiction with the aforementioned need to see the host and reveal the altar. 13 Indeed, from the ninth century onwards, councils and collections of canon law tried to limit and withdraw women from the lay

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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

, 1995), 221–240. 31 James A. Brundage, “Rape and Marriage in the Medieval Canon Law,” in Sex, Law and Marriage in the Middle Ages , ed. James A. Brundage (Aldershot, UK: Variorum, 1993), 62–75, here 74. 32 Sue Sheridan Walker, “Punishing Convicted

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The Problem of Modern Pederasty in Queer History

A Case Study of Norman Douglas

Rachel Hope Cleves

Littauer's article in this special issue. 9 Nicholas Syrett, American Child Bride: A History of Minors and Marriage in the United States (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2016). 10 Hiram Kümper, “Did Medieval Canon Law Invent Our Modern

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

, etc.). 17 Russia, however, lacked Europe’s jurisprudential heritage; it had no guilds of lawyers or notaries, no law schools or seminaries, no legacy of Roman law or canon law, no university law faculties to turn to for expert advice (as the Carolina