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The Swiss Paradox

Egalitarianism and Hierarchy in a Model Democracy

Marina Gold

The Swiss system of direct democracy is in many ways paradoxical. The federal structure counteracts the formation of centralizing state hierarchies and protects the egalitarian representation of local political interests. Simultaneously, local political structures can have hierarchical and exclusionary effects, especially when democratic processes are turned into values. This article considers the tensions between egalitarian and hierarchical values in Swiss democratic structures in the wake of the rise of anti-foreigner and anti-EU passions harnessed by extreme right-wing parties. These tensions are heightened in the context of global processes that are transforming the structures of the state, as corporate power undermines state apparatuses with the potential to subvert democratic practices.

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Contested Citizenship

Public Schooling and Political Changes in Early Nineteenth Century Switzerland

Ingrid Brühwiler

nineteenth century. 4 This article focuses on the relationship between the emergence of the nation-state and the need for public education, with the aim of forming “ideal citizens,” in the first half of the nineteenth century in the Swiss canton of Fribourg

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Émile Durkheim

1906h. In Bulletin des bibliothèques populaires, mai : 70–71. J. PAYOT. – Les Idées de M. Bourru (délégué cantonal). – Paris, Armand Colin, 1904, in-18, VIII–399 p., 3 fr. 50.

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History and Transport Policy

The Swiss Experience

Ueli Haefeli, Fritz Kobi, and Ulrich Seewer

Based on analysis of two case studies in the Canton of Bern, this article examines the question of knowledge transfer from history to transport policy and planning in the recent past in Switzerland. It shows that for several reasons, direct knowledge transfer did not occur. In particular, historians have seldom become actively involved in transport planning and policy discourses, probably partly because the academic system offers no incentive to do so. However, historical knowledge has certainly influenced decision-making processes indirectly, via personal reflection of the actors in the world of practice or through Switzerland's strongly developed modes of political participation. Because the potential for knowledge transfer to contribute to better policy solutions has not been fully utilized, we recommend strengthening the role of existing interfaces between science and policy.

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Centralized or Decentralized

Which Governance Systems are Having a “Good” Pandemic?

Jennifer Gaskell and Gerry Stoker

's ability to lead the response, it had to continue doing so in close collaboration with its 26 cantons, who had until then led their own responses. The evident tension between speed of reaction and the need to include a broader range of stakeholders in

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Michael McGuire

adherents, Gallic superiors’ victories over subordinates demonstrated that intimidation, not consent, dominated wartime French society. 13 The 1917 rehabilitation of Third Army Picardy cantons addresses and informs these debates. This article departs from

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Investigating the Investigators

French Colonial Attempts to Supervise Its Policing System during the 1930s*

Ruth Ginio

abundant information was that of a young girl's disappearance in Dahomey. During this investigation, a powerful canton chief was suspected of kidnapping the girl and sacrificing her in a religious ceremony. She disappeared in 1936 and the case was re

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Ka-Kin Cheuk

China was that of the Parsee private merchants 4 in the foreign enclave of Canton (today’s Guangzhou), the only Chinese port that was open to international trade between 1700 and 1842 under the Qing Dynasty’s Canton system ( Van Dyke 2007 ). In Canton

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Christian Ewert

-speaking canton may have much in common with a French-speaking one. In this regard, a lingua franca is necessary but not sufficient. My questions and doubts regarding Lacey's account are mostly conceptual. First, I do not understand the centrifugal force

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Zilka Spahić Šiljak

Bosnia and Herzegovina. 4 This very fact brings into question the development of genuine democracy, meritocracy, human rights, and gender equality alike. 5 Furthermore, the reviewer's statement that “cantonal-level elections seem to testify” that the