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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

political and religious crime. Petty crimes that in some contemporary European countries were punished up to capital punishment were in Russia left to communities to deal with. Similarly, the reach of the central government was intentionally limited: it

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

Origin: Archaeology, Cultural History, and the French Revolution,” in Foucault and the Writing of History , ed. Jan Goldstein (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994), 167–186, here 175–177. 15 See Richard J. Evans, Rituals of Retribution: Capital Punishment in

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The Queer Death of the Hanged Dog

The 1677 Execution of Mary Higgs’ Mongrel

Jennifer Lodine-Chaffey

, and those writing about these spectacular punishments, the meaning of capital punishment was fraught with contradiction. 1 Yet, as P. J. Klemp notes, the execution itself usually functioned in predictable ways, with the condemned providing a final or

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Getting Medieval on Steven Pinker

Violence and Medieval England

Sara M. Butler

alternative to capital punishment. Yet, finding instances outside of literature in which these penalties were actually carried out has not been as easy as one might think. More typically, the violence enacted by the state targeted one’s purse. 44 For readers

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History, Violence, and Steven Pinker

Mark S. Micale and Philip Dwyer

several thousand years, and particularly since the eighteenth century, homicides, criminal assaults, war casualties, domestic violence, child abuse, animal abuse, capital punishment, lynching, and rape have all been steadily diminishing in frequency. This

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Republican Constitutionalism

Plebeian Institutions and Anti-Oligarchic Rules

Camila Vergara

Machiavelli praises in the Discourses. Even if progressive liberals have moved away from capital punishment, 10 McCormick follows Machiavelli's insight that the fear of death is the only way of ‘deterring socio-economic and political elites from steering

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Drawing Stereotypes

Europe and East Asia in Russian Political Caricature, 1900–1905

Zachary Hoffman

1900. Caricatures also struck out at European violence against the Boxers with black humor. M. Mukhin's “At a reception in Berlin” ( figure 6 ) in Iskry mocks Marshal Waldersee's widespread use of capital punishment against Boxers and their

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Chaos in Siberia

New Scholarship on Exile in the Late Russian Empire

Jeffrey S. Hardy

, replacing both corporal and, to some extent, capital punishment. This change occurred because of a combination of changing social attitudes toward bodily harm; middle-class pressure in democratizing polities to remove criminals from society until they could

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The Far Eastern Railway in the 1930s

Relations and Reactions to the Repressions in the USSR

Elena Gnatovskaya and Alexander Kim

the publication of file of the Trotskist-Zinov'evite gang by the decree by the prosecutor of the USSR.” 26 However, the next year Bobarykin was arrested and sentenced by the Supreme Court to capital punishment on the charge of anti-Soviet activity. He

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Were There Better Angels of a Classical Greek Nature?

Violence in Classical Athens

Matthew Trundle

relationships and indeed mediated social encounters. 43 Men beat women, masters beat slaves, and corporal and capital punishments, some brutal like the tumpanismos (crucifixion), were commonplace. Women were regularly victims of sexual violence even in the