street. Contingency, chaos and disorder are thus crucial in understanding how structures of governance and control work. Moreover, the culture of incarceration encompasses the idea that specific disposable populations are susceptible to carceral
Views from the Prison/Street Interface in India
Methane Extraction in Lake Kivu, Rwanda
This article, based on ethnographic fieldwork in 2016–2019, examines methane extraction operations in Lake Kivu on the Rwanda/DRC border as a lens into understanding how energy futures in Africa are imagined and enacted within national projects of post-war reconstruction. In 2005, scientists suggested that the lake’s dissolved methane risked oversaturation within the century. This spurred state-backed projects to simultaneously prevent a natural disaster and harness the methane to meet Rwanda’s rising electrification needs. Two companies are currently building and operating methane-fuelled power plants. The article suggests that these energy projects, an integral part of the overall architecture of social repair in Rwanda, reproduce and generate forms of captivity and entrapment that are central to understanding the lived politics of ‘carceral repair’, a generation after genocide.
manifested in the ‘bad luck’ that follows former prisoners into their post-release lives if they do not (literally) burn all connections to the carceral space. Significantly, prison's transcarceral grip is articulated through this popular myth. Building on
Sandrina de Finney, Patricia Krueger-Henney and Lena Palacios
We are deeply honored to have been given the opportunity to edit this special issue of Girlhood Studies, given that it is dedicated to rethinking girlhood in the context of the adaptive, always-evolving conditions of white settler regimes. The contributions to this issue address the need to theorize girlhood—and critiques of girlhood—across the shifting forces of subjecthood, community, land, nation, and borders in the Western settler states of North America. As white settler states, Canada and the United States are predicated on the ongoing spatial colonial occupation of Indigenous homelands. In settler states, as Eve Tuck and K. Wayne Yang remind us, “the settler never left” (2012: 20) and colonial domination is reasserted every day of active occupation. White settler colonialism functions through the continued control of land, resources, and racialized bodies, and is amalgamated through a historical commitment to slavery, genocide, and the extermination of Indigenous nationhood and worldviews. Under settler colonial regimes, criminal justice, education, immigration, and child welfare systems represent overlapping sites of transcarceral power that amplify intersecting racialized, gendered, sexualized, and what Tanja Aho and colleagues call “carceral ableist” violence (2017: 291). This transcarceral power is enacted through institutional and bureaucratic warfare such as, for example, the Indian Act, the school-to-prison pipeline, and the child welfare system to deny, strategically, Indigenous claims to land and the citizenship of racial others.
Field Notes as First Responder Witness Accounts
I position critical ethnographic researcher field notes as an opportunity to document the physical and ideological violence that white settler states and institutions on the school-prison nexus inflict on the lives of girls of color generally and Black girls specifically. By drawing on my own field notes, I argue that critical social science researchers have an ethical duty to move their inquiries beyond conventions of settler colonial empirical science when they are wanting to create knowledges that transcend traditions of body counts and classification systems of human lives. As first responders to the social emergencies in girls’ lives, researchers can make palpable spatialization of institutionalized forms of settler epistemologies to convey more girl-centered ways of speaking against quantifiable hierarchies of human life.
Prisons, Checkpoints, and Walls in the Israeli-Palestinian Struggle
Palestinians in the Occupied Territories have been subject to increasing confinement, starting with prisons in the 1970s and 1980s and growing into a regime of checkpoints and walls that encircle entire towns and villages. After a historical review of the incremental stages of this incarceration, the article examines the overall impact of prisons, checkpoints, and walls, based on observations garnered from more than a dozen research trips over two decades and a review of research by others. Although these architectures are built and used in the name of security, findings show that mass imprisonment debilitates the Palestinian economy, forcing Palestinians to flee or resist. The final section compares the Israeli carceralization of the Occupied Territories to the US occupation of Iraq, suggesting that similar, albeit more violent, processes are underway.
Moving beyond Carceral Logics
estelionatária (con artist), is an egressa (ex-prisoner) and former prison visitor. Her home is a monument to the productive imbrication of carceral and kinship processes, though it is located approximately twelve kilometres away from the nearest prison (where
Confinement Beyond Site: Connecting Urban and Prison Ethnographies
Julienne Weegels, Andrew M. Jefferson and Tomas Max Martin
Manuela da Cunha notes, ‘only by setting the neighbourhood and the prison in analytical continuity can we take into account the emerging translocality of carceral social life’ ( da Cunha 2008: 346 ). While there are still many valuable insights to be
Confinement, Power and Resistance in Freetown's Central Prison
Luisa T. Schneider
system and is unable to do away with the prison. Hence, this article has shown that both scholarly approaches – that of treating prisons as separated ‘spaces of exclusion’ ( Bauman 2000 ) and that of ‘carceral continuums’ ( Wacquant 2001 ) – are equally
The Urban and the Carceral
–detainee relationships (Jefferson and Martin, Schneider). Each of these choices are valid and together they form a comprehensive empirical foundation for understanding confinement beyond the carceral institutions. On a final methodological note, the volume also