street. Contingency, chaos and disorder are thus crucial in understanding how structures of governance and control work. Moreover, the culture of incarceration encompasses the idea that specific disposable populations are susceptible to carceral
Views from the Prison/Street Interface in India
manifested in the ‘bad luck’ that follows former prisoners into their post-release lives if they do not (literally) burn all connections to the carceral space. Significantly, prison's transcarceral grip is articulated through this popular myth. Building on
The Urban and the Carceral
–detainee relationships (Jefferson and Martin, Schneider). Each of these choices are valid and together they form a comprehensive empirical foundation for understanding confinement beyond the carceral institutions. On a final methodological note, the volume also
Moving beyond Carceral Logics
estelionatária (con artist), is an egressa (ex-prisoner) and former prison visitor. Her home is a monument to the productive imbrication of carceral and kinship processes, though it is located approximately twelve kilometres away from the nearest prison (where
Methane Extraction in Lake Kivu, Rwanda
people build lives and imagine justice under unpredictable environmental and political conditions and within shifting energy landscapes. Specifically, methane extraction reveals how repair in Rwanda is predicated on capture, what I call carceral repair
Confinement, Power and Resistance in Freetown's Central Prison
Luisa T. Schneider
system and is unable to do away with the prison. Hence, this article has shown that both scholarly approaches – that of treating prisons as separated ‘spaces of exclusion’ ( Bauman 2000 ) and that of ‘carceral continuums’ ( Wacquant 2001 ) – are equally
Graphic Constructions of the Carceral Archipelago
North Africa also maintain a presence in the popular imaginary. 7 As recent work by Ann Laura Stoler, Clare Anderson and others has revealed, the French penal colonies primarily formed part of a ‘carceral archipelago’ that is now benefiting from
Sandrina de Finney, Patricia Krueger-Henney, and Lena Palacios
We are deeply honored to have been given the opportunity to edit this special issue of Girlhood Studies, given that it is dedicated to rethinking girlhood in the context of the adaptive, always-evolving conditions of white settler regimes. The contributions to this issue address the need to theorize girlhood—and critiques of girlhood—across the shifting forces of subjecthood, community, land, nation, and borders in the Western settler states of North America. As white settler states, Canada and the United States are predicated on the ongoing spatial colonial occupation of Indigenous homelands. In settler states, as Eve Tuck and K. Wayne Yang remind us, “the settler never left” (2012: 20) and colonial domination is reasserted every day of active occupation. White settler colonialism functions through the continued control of land, resources, and racialized bodies, and is amalgamated through a historical commitment to slavery, genocide, and the extermination of Indigenous nationhood and worldviews. Under settler colonial regimes, criminal justice, education, immigration, and child welfare systems represent overlapping sites of transcarceral power that amplify intersecting racialized, gendered, sexualized, and what Tanja Aho and colleagues call “carceral ableist” violence (2017: 291). This transcarceral power is enacted through institutional and bureaucratic warfare such as, for example, the Indian Act, the school-to-prison pipeline, and the child welfare system to deny, strategically, Indigenous claims to land and the citizenship of racial others.
Racialized Girlhood, Behavioral Diagnosis, and California's Foster Care System
Isabella C. Restrepo
Scholars of the welfare system have explored the racialized criminalization of mothers of color who are punished by the foster care system, through control of their children, when they are unable to meet the ideals of middle-class motherhood but have yet to fully articulate a language to understand the ways in which this criminalization and punishment extends to youth once they are placed in the foster care system. Using ethnographic interviews with agents of the care system, I explore the ways in which the system pathologizes Latinas’ quotidian acts of resistance and survival like their use of silences through the behavioral diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). I argue that California’s foster care system is an arm of the transcarceral continuum, marking girls of color and their strategies of resistance as pathological, thereby criminalizing them through the diagnosis of behavioral disorders.
Field Notes as First Responder Witness Accounts
I position critical ethnographic researcher field notes as an opportunity to document the physical and ideological violence that white settler states and institutions on the school-prison nexus inflict on the lives of girls of color generally and Black girls specifically. By drawing on my own field notes, I argue that critical social science researchers have an ethical duty to move their inquiries beyond conventions of settler colonial empirical science when they are wanting to create knowledges that transcend traditions of body counts and classification systems of human lives. As first responders to the social emergencies in girls’ lives, researchers can make palpable spatialization of institutionalized forms of settler epistemologies to convey more girl-centered ways of speaking against quantifiable hierarchies of human life.