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David, Émile

Les ambivalences de l’identité juive de Durkheim

Matthieu Béra

This is based on research that has discovered crucial, hitherto unknown biographical information. First, I review the theories of authors who helped to generate the whole 'affair' of Durkheim's two pre-names, most often in seeing it as a way to interrogate his relation with Judaism. Next, I discuss how the issue comes with elements that are incomplete or inexact. It is then to present new evidence of Durkheim's ambivalence and changing attitude towards his first, identifiably Jewish pre-name. The census records during his time at Bordeaux show that he registered himself as 'David' in 1891 and 1896, but abandoned this and switched to 'Émile' in 1901. Accordingly, I examine possible interpretations of the change, in terms of the political context of the Dreyfus Affair, events in his family life, his institutional position, his growing reputation, and a programme of research in which he resolved on a scientific treatment of religion.

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Indigeneity Construction in the Russian Census 2002

Sergey V. Sokolovskiy

This article is a case study of the emergence and construction of politically salient social classifications that underpin such phenomena as ethnicity and nationalism in contemporary Russia. Official recognition of ethnic group in Russia often entails political visibility and special status with an associated set of legal provisions. In addition to 'titular peoples' of the republics, the Russian legal system has several legal categories based on ethnicity, such as indigenous peoples and national minorities, whose members claim and attain special status and associated rights. In order to ensure these rights, the state administration needs reliable information on the numbers of people in such categories.

The article analyzes ethnic and languages categorization in the population census of 2002, describes the related census technology, comments on legal definitions of indigenous peoples in Russia, and within this framework elaborates on the topic of indigeneity construction. It also provides an interpretation of the numerical threshold employed in federal laws on indigenous peoples.

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The Turukhansk Polar Census Expedition of 1926-1927 at the Crossroads of Two Scientific Traditions

David G. Anderson

This article gives an overview of the primary records of the 1926-1927 Turukhansk Polar Census Expedition. The author argues that rather than being an exercise in statistical surveillance, the expedition can be better characterized as a classical expedition of discovery. The article describes the structure of the expedition and the documents that were collected, places the expedition in a history of the surveillance of aboriginal peoples, and presents a research program for re-analyzing the data in light of the contemporary interests of Siberian indigenous peoples.

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Contextualizing the Religious Survey

Possibilities and Limitations

Astrid Krabbe Trolle

religious traditions and institutions—as the primary object of analysis, census data and surveys became part of the sociological discipline from its infancy. Although research on religion through quantitative means did not become more important until the

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The Socio-Demographic Situation in the Republic of Tuva

Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s

Zoya Dorzhu

Translator : Jenanne Ferguson

2010 censuses against the backdrop of the Siberian Federal District and Russia as a whole. In terms of population by 2010 the Republic took seventy-seventh place among the Russian regions and eleventh place among the Siberian Federal District. Compared

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Toxic Waste and Race in Twenty-First Century America

Neighborhood Poverty and Racial Composition in the Siting of Hazardous Waste Facilities

Michael Mascarenhas, Ryken Grattet, and Kathleen Mege

; Industrial Chemical Company, Chester County, South Carolina; SCA Services, Sumter County, South Carolina; and the Warren County PCB landfill, North Carolina. Using 1980 census data, the GAO computed the Black percentage of the population, mean family income

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Chukchi-Speaking Communities in Three Russian Regions

A 120-Year Story of Language Shift

Maria Pupynina and Yuri Koryakov

the whole country, according to the 2010 Census), but the number of people competent in Chukchi has been continuously decreasing since the end of the 1950s. According to a widespread observation about the shift in Siberian languages, a relatively big

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A Multilevel Approach to Measuring Social Capacity in a European Context

Ferenc Bódi, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, and Péter Róbert

in connection with development and objective well-being were taken from the Eurostat Regions database and the 2011 population census. Besides the application of the micro-macro data in the international comparison, the study goes beyond the fact that

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Documentary Appendix

Susy Monica Lelli

The tables presented in this final part of the present volume offer a

general picture of the demographic, economic, social, and political

situation in the country. This year, given the opportunity of using the

first results of the fourteenth population census (October 2001), some

tables offer a comparison with results from the two previous censuses

(1981 and 1991) with regard to some of the demographic and social

indicators; for other indicators, tables portray their evolution over the

last decade (1991–2001).

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Documentary Appendix

Susy Monica Lelli

The data presented in the appendix provide the broad outlines of the

demographic, economic, social, and political conditions in Italy. Some

of the demographic and social data in this year’s volume are from

2002, along with that from the last three censuses (1981, 1991, and

2001); for the remaining data, the contrast is over the decade from

1992 to 2002.