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The End of the Tunnel

Girls’ Marked Bodies in the Canadian Transcarceral Pipeline

Sandrina de Finney and Mandeep Kaur Mucina

) if deported. These conflicting bureaucratic decisions forced the mother into an impossible choice—being deported with her daughter or seeing her apprehended into the custody of Canadian child welfare authorities. The mother asserted that she would

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“Till I Have Done All That I Can”

An Auxiliary Nurse’s Memories of World War I

Michelle Moravec

she visited, many drawings and letters from children she met, printed public health materials, and official photographs, ephemera, and clippings from a Child Welfare Exhibit in which she participated during the spring of 1918. 21 A second scrapbook

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Sandrina de Finney, Patricia Krueger-Henney, and Lena Palacios

We are deeply honored to have been given the opportunity to edit this special issue of Girlhood Studies, given that it is dedicated to rethinking girlhood in the context of the adaptive, always-evolving conditions of white settler regimes. The contributions to this issue address the need to theorize girlhood—and critiques of girlhood—across the shifting forces of subjecthood, community, land, nation, and borders in the Western settler states of North America. As white settler states, Canada and the United States are predicated on the ongoing spatial colonial occupation of Indigenous homelands. In settler states, as Eve Tuck and K. Wayne Yang remind us, “the settler never left” (2012: 20) and colonial domination is reasserted every day of active occupation. White settler colonialism functions through the continued control of land, resources, and racialized bodies, and is amalgamated through a historical commitment to slavery, genocide, and the extermination of Indigenous nationhood and worldviews. Under settler colonial regimes, criminal justice, education, immigration, and child welfare systems represent overlapping sites of transcarceral power that amplify intersecting racialized, gendered, sexualized, and what Tanja Aho and colleagues call “carceral ableist” violence (2017: 291). This transcarceral power is enacted through institutional and bureaucratic warfare such as, for example, the Indian Act, the school-to-prison pipeline, and the child welfare system to deny, strategically, Indigenous claims to land and the citizenship of racial others.

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‘Coming To Look Alike’

Materializing Affinity in Japanese Foster and Adoptive Care

Kathryn E. Goldfarb

It was the 2010 Japanese Association for the Prevention of Child Abuse conference. Many of the presenters—including Japanese foster parents, child welfare workers, and researchers—were overtly critical of the tendency in Japan to place state wards

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Kokums to the Iskwêsisisak

COVID-19 and Urban Métis Girls and Young Women

Carly Jones, Renée Monchalin, Cheryllee Bourgeois, and Janet Smylie

physical distancing, lockdowns, and social isolation measures. Given both the dynamic and evolving nature of the current COVID-19 pandemic and the lack of national data on Métis children involved with child welfare systems across Canada, it is difficult to

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Family on the Edge

Neblagopoluchnaia Family and the State in Yakutsk and Magadan, Russian Federation

Lena Sidorova and Elena Khlinovskaya Rockhill

This article is about a category of family, or parent(s), called in Russia neblagopoluchnaia and the ways in which the state child welfare agents reproduce and use this category in an attempt to ensure the well-being of children in Yakutsk

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Ensuring Failure?

The Impact of Class on Girls in Swedish Secure Care

Maria A. Vogel

, such as locked units, solitary confinement, body searches, control of incoming and outgoing phone calls and mail, and requiring urine and blood samples. As well as being the last resort of the child welfare system, Swedish secure care institutions

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Perspectives from the Ground

Colonial Bureaucratic Violence, Identity, and Transitional Justice in Canada

Jaymelee J. Kim

system effectively removed Aboriginal children from their communities, displaced them, and forcibly assimilated them. When the schools declined in numbers in the mid-1900s, they become augmented by the child welfare system. Informants repeatedly

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Publications, Exhibitions and Conferences

Sara Farhan, Paul Fox, and Fakhri Haghani

community was also demonstrative of their political, class, ethno-religious, and linguistic affiliations. Many of the developments Dewachi accredits to Republican Iraq were, in fact, Hashemitian projects. For example, child welfare programs developed along

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Capacity Building as Instrument and Empowerment

Training Health Workers for Community-Based Roles in Ghana

Harriet Boulding

conducted in community clinics, or accompanying CHOs on their home visits and community outreach days, which included child welfare clinics. Drawing on observations from the implementation of the CHPS programme, I suggest that an instrumentalized version