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“China gives and China takes”

African traders and the nondocumenting states

Shanshan Lan

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the presence of foreigners in the country has been strictly controlled by the state. The increase of foreign population in China since the late 1970s has been the result of “a deliberate

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China’s New Silk Road

Autocracy Promotion in the New Asian Order?

Octavia Bryant and Mark Chou

Situated on the China-Kazakhstan border in the autonomous region of Xinjiang, Horgos is about as far away from Beijing and Shanghai as any Chinese city can be. Officially established only in late 2014, the city of 85,000 residents still has the feel

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'Father Mao' and the Country-Family

Mixed Feelings for Fathers, Officials, and Leaders in China

Hans Steinmüller

What does it mean when Mao Zedong is called 'Father Mao' and when ordinary people in central China put a poster of Mao in the place of their ancestors and the emperor? This article analyzes ordinary affection for the Chinese state and explores changing ideas of the leader as a father and the country as a family. The first part deals with the historical transformation of these metaphors from the late Qing dynasty to the Communist Revolution and Maoism, describing the vernacularization and sentimentalization of the 'Confucian order of the father/son' in twentieth-century China. Against this historical background and based on fieldwork material from central China, the second part deals with the 'mixed feelings' that people in the present day now have for fathers at home, for local officials, and for national leaders.

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Social Quality in China

An Analysis of the Evaluation of Different Classes

Cui Yan and Huang Yongliang

Research Background Along with the development of its economy and society, China’s “social class groups” have been differentiated. In this article, the concept of social class group refers to a category or cohort of people’s subjective, self

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Powers of sovereignty

State, people, wealth, life

Aihwa Ong

Hardt and Negri's trilogy describes an American Empire as shaping a world split between global capital and disenfranchised multitude, leading to a final confrontation between the Empire of capital and the counter-Empire of workers everywhere. However, their interpretation is limited by their philosophical abstraction and revolutionary vision, which fails to recognize the implications of actually existing processes of sovereignty and capital at this global juncture. The situation found in Asia challenges their analysis. In contemporary China, experimental assemblages of sovereign powers, capital, techne, and ethics have not weakened, but, in fact, have strengthened political sovereignty, nationalist sentiments, and collectivist ethos, presenting a different picture of biopolitics from that of Hardt and Negri's global theory. The authoritarian outcomes in China are political solutions forged in circumstances that mingle the global, the historical, and the situated. This article argues that Asian aspirations are rearranging capitalism and political sovereignty as Hardt and Negri understand them.

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Doing Personhood in Chinese Culture

The Desiring Individual, Moralist Self and Relational Person

Yunxiang Yan

simply as ‘the state of being a person’ (i.e., the blob in Bloch’s sense), and I propose a tripartite approach to unpack personhood in Chinese culture. I emphasize that personhood is as much a state of being a person as a process of actual social actions

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Ka-Kin Cheuk

Introduction In early 2012, Indians in China suddenly became the focus of public attention in both India and China. It all began with a local business quarrel involving fifteen Chinese and two Indians at Yiwu, a county-level city in Zhejiang

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Public Evaluation of Society in China

The Social Quality Approach

Ren Liying and Zou Yuchin

very few and need to be taken on board. This study examines the nature (and changes) of the conditional factors as point of departure for people's evaluation of society in China. Based on data from a national representative survey in China in 2017, it

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Harriet Evans

From many perspectives, the Chinese Communist Party’s approach to gender equality and feminism offers a shining example of communism’s ideological limitations, and its historical failure to serve women’s interests. From its earliest days, Chinese communism upheld a platform of ‘sexual equality’ (nannü pingdeng), and implemented numerous policies to protect women’s equal rights. Yet its attacks on the epistemological foundations of Western feminism and its denunciation of the latter as little more than ‘bourgeois individualism’ give clear evidence of Miheala Miroiu’s ‘contradictio in terminis’.

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Na Li

Introduction Environmental history in China originates from its older sibling disciplines, such as historical geography, archeology, agroecology, agroforestry, and history. The field has gradually gathered a small community of scholars since