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Becoming a Gentleman

Adolescence, Chivalry, and Turn-of-the-Century Youth Movements

Kent Baxter

“best expression [lies] in what may be called the ethnic Bible of the Saxon race in its adolescent stage, the literature of chivalry” (1904: II:432, 433). The connection Hall draws between adolescence and the “literature of chivalry” follows the logic of

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Pueri Sunt Pueri

Machismo, Chivalry, and the Aggressive Pastimes of the Medieval Male Youth

Sean McGlynn

In practice, medieval chivalry, despite the popular image of fair maidens in distress, served the needs of men rather than women. Chivalry was, first and foremost, a manifestation of a martial ethos; fashions, courtly love and purported

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Not Forgotten

Eliza Fenning, Frankenstein, and Victorian Chivalry

Tim Marshall

On 18 July 1867, Charles Dickens’s weekly journal All the Year Round went back into history and told the story of a young woman who met her death on the gallows in London in 1815. ‘Old Stories Re-Told’, sub-titled ‘Eliza Fenning (The Danger of Condemning to Death on Circumstantial Evidence Alone)’, reminded its readers of a mis-carriage of justice. Speaking through one of his journalists, Walter Thornbury, Dickens performed an act of chivalry directed at the person and memory of a wronged woman. Eliza Fenning, a servant in a wealthy London household, worked for a Mr Turner, a law-stationer.

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'He Was Low But Was He Honest?'

On Roy Campbell's Fascist Poetry

John E. Coombes

The immediate impression is of a figure outrageously Quixotic, albeit bereft of the elaborate structure of chivalric belief which sustained that earlier hero; of a figure of catholic fideistic absurdity which approaches the ‘endearing’. Later, post-war photos of Campbell show a figure bearing an uncanny resemblance to W.C. Fields though – it has to be said – without the charm. The Campbell of the anecdote – simultaneously, as we are told, author of the longest fascist poem in English (apart from Ezra Pound’s) – would moreover seem to have stepped out of one of Chesterton’s Father Brown stories. Their author had, it will be remembered, moved, under the influence of his friend Belloc, from a position of amiable if ineffectual liberalism to increasingly pronounced anti-Semitism. Yet the play of paradox in the earlier Father Brown stories shows little of this: its function is in general to demonstrate the resolvability of paradox through the operations of grace and the intimations of the enquiring subject, a kind of functional accommodation of deism and liberal individualism.

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Diederik F. Janssen

Gentleman: Adolescence, Chivalry, and Turn-of-the-Century Youth Movements,” details how the medieval motif of chivalry became, with the endorsement of G. Stanley Hall, appropriated by turn-of-the-twentieth-century youth movements and novel theories of

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Franziska Quabeck

war in which he is engaged, he cannot resist following an obsolescent, chivalric code of conduct. As Kenneth Muir has it, ‘Hector … does not realize that chivalry is dead. Indeed, as the Elizabethans would be acutely aware, all the Trojans are doomed

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Unhap, Misadventure, Infortune

Chaucer’s Vocabulary of Mischance

Helen Cooper

omission from his works is a full chivalric romance. There has been general critical reluctance to commit either Troilus or the ‘Knight’s Tale’ to the genre solely of romance, despite their courtliness. Troilus avoids adventure, and almost entirely

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Elizabeth S. Leet

outside his control. 5 Frustrated and nearly penniless, Lanval leaves court in a hurry, taking only his horse—his only possession and the last remaining symbol of his chivalric status. Lanval then arrives in a supernatural valley bisected by a river where

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Jay Mechling

its publications and programs to forge a “new masculinity” for modern boys, a modern masculinity that would replace Victorian “manhood” but keep some of its values, like chivalry. Jordan is such a careful, thorough historian of these years in the BSA

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Don Quixote Unbound

Intertextuality, Interpictoriality, and Transculturality in Flix's German Graphic Novel Adaptation (2012)

Tilmann Altenberg

Quixote was simply a brilliantly successful funny book’, as P. E. Russell has pointed out. 45 The earliest Spanish readers would also have been consumers of libros de caballerías (romances of chivalry), 46 the literary genre parodied by Cervantes