, equality, and political and cultural participation, 2 the latter of which includes national citizenship. Indeed, the state’s commitment to national citizenship (educating pupils to become national citizens) was among the reasons why it sought to implement
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Public Schooling and Political Changes in Early Nineteenth Century Switzerland
Among the prominent global phenomena of the last few decades is mass immigration between countries. Consequently, scholars are paying increasing attention to citizenship policies, that is, the rules and procedures determining whether, and under what
Citizens and Citizenship
The Rhetoric of Dutch Immigrant Integration Policy in 2011
Dana Rem and Des Gasper
In some European countries, including the Netherlands, policies that are more restrictive in regard to citizenship have been articulated since the late 1990s, partly because of the influence of right-wing populist parties. According to Friso van
Deprivation of citizenship, undocumented labor and human trafficking
Myanmar migrant workers in Thailand
Steve Kwok-Leung Chan
literature review of existing studies on labor trafficking. The third section covers the general situation of migrant workers in Thailand and the deprivation of citizenship in their country of origin, Myanmar. The case of Thai “ghost” fishing boats with slave
The Conceptual and Political Changes of the German Naturalization Policy, 1999–2006
This article deals explicitly with the dimension of access in the concept of citizenship and is discussed from the point of view of migration. Access is analyzed in the context of the reform of German citizenship laws in 1999. The state of Hesse is singled out to be used as an example of parliamentary debate on the concepts of citizenship and integration. The point is to explicate the interrelations of the federal legislative reform and the conceptual implications thereof, using Hesse as a state-level example.
Into and Out of Citizenship, through Personal Tax Payments
Romanian Migrants’ Leveraging of British Self-Employment
Anthropology rests upon a long tradition of critical inquiry into entrepreneurial citizenship. Since the 1990s, a burgeoning anthropology of neoliberalism has examined the ways in which measures purportedly adopted to stimulate individual autonomy
The limits of strategic citizenship
Affective engagements with Russian passports in the context of migration from Tajikistan
Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork, this article analyses the recent phenomenon of the mass search for Russian citizenship by Tajikistani nationals and critically engages with the emerging concept of strategic citizenship. Bringing together the literature on strategic citizenship and affective documents, it argues that the notion of strategy is incomplete and can be misleading when used to analyse citizenship seeking. Drawing an opposition between ‘rational’ and ‘emotional’ aspects of citizenship, there is a danger in looking at strategising through the assumptions grounded in formal rationality placing a rational individual seeking to ‘maximise utility’ through their citizenship choices at the centre of analysis. My ethnography shows that grounded in the local systems of value, practices of citizenship‐seeking go far beyond the calculative logic of cost–benefit analysis and should be theorised in the context of family projects and subsequent ideas about social becoming. It also shows that acts of taking citizenship emerge as affective responses of people trying to figure out what is the ‘rational’ thing to do in the context of uncertainty and instability of labour markets, mobility regulations and documentary regimes, affects being distributed not only in persons and their relations but in and around documents.
Anxious Vigilance and the Production of (Il)legitimacy in the UK Citizenship Regime
“It's How You Sift Them Out, Y'know?”
brown A5 envelopes, some bursting with papers. At 10:35 a.m., Amy—one of two registrars running the citizenship ceremony that day—calls to attendees to have their “photo ID and Home Office letter” ready. People begin to rummage through their documents
The Social Quality of Citizenship
Three Remarks for Kindling a Debate
Social rights were to be the completion of the citizenship status of all members within a political community. Through a variety of causes (their entanglement with the goals of full employment and the welfare state, the complexities of the political project of the European Union, and conceptual confusion) the development of these rights has been arrested. The article sketches some of the origins of the present predicament of (social) rights and (social) citizenship. The article is informed by the hope that the arguments it puts forward may contribute to a renewed discussion on the necessity and promises of an EU form of citizenship that is worth instituting and emulating.
Between Liberal and Republican Citizenship
Feminism and Nationalism in Romania, 1880-1918
This essay explores feminism's relations with nationalism and liberalism by examining specifically how feminists in late-nineteenth-century Romania understood citizenship and how they articulated views about women's empowerment starting from specific assumptions about individual rights and responsibilities in the community (as regulated by the state through citizenship). This perspective enables me to explain the eagerness of many feminist activists to work within the dominant paternalist/patriarchal context not as a paradox, but rather as an outgrowth of locally grounded, powerful contexts that worked together to afford specific choices to women struggling against patriarchy. In the case I discuss below feminists understood women's empowerment in terms of validating and increasing women's civic duties and responsibilities, rather than struggling for individual rights. These arguments built upon a well-established, albeit not clearly articulated, concept of republican citizenship, and reconstructed it most often in the language of nationalism (frequently ethno-nationalism), which had wide currency in Romania in the late nineteenth century.