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Michael Banton

If social units are to be classified it must be by reference to some distinctive characteristic or characteristics that they share. Administrative classifications are usually based on the characteristics identified in the everyday language that reflects practical knowledge. Classifications that will assist the growth of social scientific knowledge have to be based on the identification of theoretically relevant characteristics. Classification precedes the naming of categories. Experimental research into the relative strength of civic and ethnic preferences could uncover the variables that underlie popular notions of nation, race and ethnic group.

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Matthew Trundle


This article explores Steven Pinker’s thesis with regard to fifth-century BCE Athens. Pinker’s view that the political state became the arbiter of violence is important, but for ancient Greeks that meant that wars became more devastating. States coordinated military action more e?ectively than earlier tribal chiefs. With regard to violence within communities, the absence of civic values, human rights, or robust legal systems meant that violence mediated many relationships between men and women, masters and slaves, and even aristocrats and lower-status citizens. Violence was a prominent aspect of all ancient people’s lives. In short, Pinker’s thesis provides an excellent heuristic device to analyze Greek antiquity if only to discuss how it may or may not apply in real terms.

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Briony Hannell

girlhood studies scholars as opportunities for girls to cultivate political identities and express civic values oriented towards social and cultural inclusion ( Harris 2012 ; Kearney 2006 ). Fan communities (or fandoms) that form around an intense shared

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“Close to the skin”

Conceptualizing the intimate functioning of the US–Mexico border

Miranda Dahlin

“state,” and maintains a sense of particular “moral” civic values, such as believing in the correctness of the law, despite the unraveling of these things (exacerbated, I would add, by neoliberalism and its particular brand of violence, as it takes shape

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A World Elsewhere

Documentary Representations of Social Shakespeare

Susanne Greenhalgh

convened at the 2012 Shakespeare Association Conference in Boston, and stressed its relation to civic values. 8 Michael P. Jensen labels it ‘Service Shakespeare’ in his follow-up special issue of Borrowers and Lenders , but offers a plenitude of questions

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Sintayehu Kassaye Alemu

have served historically as ideological centres or as producers of religious or imperial and colonial values and social legitimation . However, through time, the key task of the institutions became the shaping of civic values and ‘flexible

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Thierry Groensteen

), enjoying the mixture of carnival atmosphere and commitment to civic values that held sway in the city streets for three days. I resigned from Oubapo in September 1999. I had been mulling this decision over for a long time, and I had forewarned my fellow

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

behavior and to inculcate civic values in its citizens, and a growing public acceptance of humanitarian ideals. 5 Violence was not the only issue I was concerned with; I also analyzed the degree to which the tsar’s criminal courts ruled in accordance with

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Sacred Spaces and Civic Action

Topographies of Pluralism in Russia

Melissa L. Caldwell

itself both a goal and byproduct of participants who come together in these spaces, particularly to address concerns of civic value. Despite many outward appearances that the Russian state is opposed to progressive social justice issues, if we look in

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From Jewish Sentiments to Rational Exhortations

Battle Missives in the Israel Defense Forces

Netta Galnoor

military's reaction to the decline of sacrifice as a civic value, once part of a powerful and broadly shared meta-narrative in Israeli society; and, second, the transformation in the IDF's status and its changing missions and doctrines. Toward a