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Whose Reality Counts?

Emergent Dalitbahujan Anthropologists

Reddi Sekhara Yalamala

Abstract

The low caste, Dalit and Tribal social movements in India have reconfigured the fabric of Indian society in significant ways over the past decade. Likewise, the movement of these same groups into anthropology, a discipline previously dominated in India by upper-caste intellectuals, has created a dynamic force for change in the academy. At a time when India is vying with the global economic powers for supremacy, the people severely affected are low caste, Dalits and Tribal peoples, who see their lands being lost and their lifestyles in rapid transformation. Some from these same groups are also witnessing some of their daughters and sons pursuing higher studies and entering into the social sciences. The entry of these young scholars not only challenges the caste-based status quo in the academy, but it also forces these scholars to question their own position in relation to these social movements and in relation to Indian society more broadly.

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The Hut-Hospital as Project and as Practice

Mimeses, Alterities, and Colonial Hierarchies

Cristiana Bastos

, to minimize the Otherness and potential hostility of the hospital as perceived by Africans. Or at least that was what the planners thought. I will approach the hut-hospital as a materialization of mimesis that became a technique of colonial governance

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Tarini Bedi

Discussions of the historiography of mobility, circulation, and transport in South Asia, a region that covers the modern nation-states of Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, the Maldives, Bhutan, and Tibet, must begin with an acknowledgment of what has shaped broader historical approaches to this area. I begin by offering a brief overview of the rich, but also dominant area of focus in South Asian transport history, namely, a focus on the history of railways and on the colonial period as a watershed in South Asian transport innovation. This overview provides context to recent shifts in the transport historiography of South Asia. While focus on the history of railways was concerned with technological and economic ramifications of transportation networks and with debates over colonial governance, recent work reviewed here highlights social, cultural, and political implications of transportation within precolonial, colonial, and postcolonial settings. These newer works in cultural, economic, and labor history, literary studies, ethnohistory, global history, and anthropology acknowledge the significance of railways and existing work in transport history.

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The Economics of Decolonisation

Institutions, Education and Elite Formation

Nicola Viegi

local personnel and institutions in the colonial structure. Co-optation in colonial governance has a long history: it was explicitly explored by Sir Arthur Gordon in Fiji (1874–80), and further famously developed by Frederick Lugard in Nigeria during the

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Are “the Natives” Educable?

Dutch Schoolchildren Learn Ethical Colonial Policy (1890–1910)

Elisabeth Wesseling and Jacques Dane

expanded the scope of colonial historiography beyond issues of territorial conquest and loss, inquiring into the ways in which colonial governance invaded the most intimate spheres of the lives of both colonizers and colonized, thereby shaping practices of

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Introduction

Engaging Anthropological Legacies toward Cosmo-optimistic Futures?

Sharon Macdonald, Henrietta Lidchi, and Margareta von Oswald

collections have a wide range of histories, not all of which are colonial in the narrow sense of having been acquired by colonial powers from subject nations through aggressive means during the period of colonial governance. Nevertheless, the formation of a

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Frida Hastrup and Marianne Elisabeth Lien

, sometimes colonial, governance of relations between people and land constitutes the thrust of our ethnographic inquiry. A central question is how Nordic Arctic frontier landscapes are composed as ‘resourceful’ in the first place. From which perspectives and

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Engaged anthropology in the time of late liberalism

Activists, anthropologists, and the state in India

Moyukh Chatterjee

it is not the familiar narrative of anthropology as a technique of colonial governance that is key here. Townsend instead gives us a striking case study of how marginalized communities seek to use anthropology (and ethnology) to become tribal in

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Dances with Heads

Parasitic Mimesis and the Government of Savagery in Colonial East Timor

Ricardo Roque

entirely contemporaneous with the civilized presence of colonial governance, as a ceremonial occasion that was prepared and held as an integral part of the state-sponsored celebrations of the Portuguese victory in the war. As is clear from Castro

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Making Friends of the Nations

Australian Interwar Magazines and Middlebrow Orientalism in the Pacific

Victoria Kuttainen and Sarah Galletly

Tarzan; Australian Photography and Travel Writing about Melanesia, 1920–1945 .” Australian Journal of Art 13 ( 1 ): 133 – 142 . Dixon , Robert . 2001 . Prosthetic Gods: Travel, Representation and Colonial Governance . St. Lucia : University of