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Gendered National Memory on Israeli Postage Stamps

From Gender Blindness to Feminist Commemoration

Einat Lachover and Inbal Ben-Asher Gitler

Stamps as National Commemoration Today Recent years have seen a steady decline in the basic utilization of stamps as payment for postal services. Nevertheless, stamp distribution has been increasing in Israel and in many other countries as a

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Between Dreams and Traces

Memory, Temporality, and the Production of Sainthood in Lesbos

Séverine Rey

-state and the search for a new nationalist narrative were of mutual concern to the island’s refugees and natives. The Search for Local Saints and Commemorations The discovery of these saints happened in a context underscoring the reconstruction of the past

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The South Side of Heaven

A Journey along the Iranian Collective Memory in Iran-Iraq War Memorial Sites

Younes Saramifar

museums, but you find lost pieces of heaven here. Here, the people pay homage and they become pilgrims. Our commemoration is not mere remembrance but rather pilgrimage’. The mnemonic individuals become pilgrims who equate the martyrs of the war with the

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Virgin Oil Lands Conquered?

The Project of Historical Memory on the Territory of Yugra

Ksenia Barabanova

dominated by the principle of commemoration—the mobilization of memory about specific historical events or characters. The central museum preserving the memory of virgin oil lands development is the Museum of Geology, Oil, and Gas (established 2003 in

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Belfast St Patrick's Day Celebrations and the Act of Forgetting

Trying to Create Cross-community Identities

John Nagle

St Patrick's Day celebrations in Belfast city centre since 1998 have been imagined as providing a common symbol and space to imagine cross-community identities. Celebrations represent an attempt to constitute a social act of forgetting, to abandon a past where public commemorations perpetuated sectarian division. This article charts how the celebrations were contentious as competing groups claimed ownership over its performance. The contested status of the celebrations were largely the outgrowth of political legislation which, rather than facilitating cross-community alliances and identities, preserves the outright difference and absolute cultures enshrined in the notion of 'nationalist' and 'unionist' identities. Moreover, if the performance of memory has helped maintain discrete unionist and nationalist identities, and an abandoning of a past blighted by sectarian conflict is required to create a new, harmonious society, this legislation rendered the role of memory and forgetting ambiguous by stressing both as contributors to reconciliation.

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Fraternal Friendship and Commemorative Desire

Danny Kaplan and Niza Yanay

Based on a case study of Israeli men's friendships, this article examines the inter-relations between the experience of male relationships in everyday life and established representations of fraternal friendship. We delineate a script for male bonding that echoes ancient epics of heroism. This script holds a mythic structure for making sense of friendship in everyday life and places male relatedness under the spectral ideal of death. Whereas various male-to-male arenas present diverse and often displaced expressions of male affection, we contend that sites of commemoration present a unique instance in which desire between men is publicly declared and legitimized. The collective rituals for the dead hero-friends serve as a mask that transforms a repudiated personal sentiment into a national genre of relatedness. We interpret fraternal friendship as a form of private/public identification/desire whereby the citizen brother becomes, via collective rituals of commemoration, the desired brother.

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The Rue d'Isly, Algiers, 26 March 1962

The Contested Memorialization of a Massacre

Fiona Barclay

commemorated within the pied-noir community, and then later within wider civil society, culminating with the fiftieth anniversary commemorations of Algerian independence in 2012. The rue d'Isly's memorial trajectory is read in conjunction with other

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The Representation of “Difficult Pasts” in Military Museums

The Portuguese Colonial War in the Portuguese Armed Forces Museums

André Caiado

war and produced different processes of remembering. The public commemoration and remembering of troubled pasts are challenging, and the way of portraying the colonial war in a museum setting is no exception. When it happens in a military museum, the

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Performing the New German Past: The People's Day of Mourning and 27 January as Postunification Commemorations

Alexandra Kaiser

The article sketches the ruptures in today's German memory culture, concentrating on the Volkstrauertag (People's Day of Mourning) and the Gedenktag für die Opfer des Nationalsozialismus (Remembrance Day for the Victims of National Socialism) on 27 January. It starts with an overview of the history of the Volkstrauertag with its (outward) transformation from a commemoration day for dead German soldiers into one for “all victims of war and violence.” The inclusive model of commemoration that was typical for the Bonn Republic is disintegrating today. In united Germany, the Volkstrauertag and 27 January reflect antagonistic memory strands, that is a memory focussed on the war dead and German suffering or on the Holocaust and German guilt. In light of discussions about commemorating Bundeswehr dead, the article ends by describing a re-heroicizing of the Volkstrauertag and, in a more general way, tries to outline the shifting construction of German national identity.

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Pluralism, Governance, and the New Right in German Memory Politics

Jenny Wüstenberg

memory activism and its impact on institutionalized commemoration, the 1960s were not the turning point as which they are often depicted. The student movement surrounding 1968 no doubt gave memory politics new impulses, but it also remained mostly on the