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The Composition of Comics

Renaud Chavanne

In this article, I set out to establish the principles underlying the composition of images on the comics page, not by predetermining in advance what such principles might be, but by empirical investigation of the works of artists. I arrive at three major categories of page composition: to the terms 'regular' and 'rhetorical', used respectively by Thierry Groensteen and Benoît Peeters, I add the category of 'semiregular', the transformation of a regular composition as the effect of merging or splitting of panels. However, in both rhetorical and semiregular compositions, panels within the same strip may be vertically aligned according to a further principle that I designate as 'fragmentation'. I propose a notation system to account for patterns produced by fragmentation, including second- (and nth-) degree fragmentation, whereby a vertically aligned panel is split into two (or more) horizontally aligned ones, one or more of which may then be vertically split and so on. The article ends with a consideration and critique of the work of Groensteen, Peeters and Neil Cohn on page composition.

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The Power of Music

Issues of Agency and Social Practice

Norman Long

This article aims to contribute to the increasingly rich body of ethnographic and sociological studies that focus on processes of musical practice. After a brief introduction to the significance of music in social life, it outlines the advantages of adopting an actor-oriented analysis that gives close attention to issues of agency and emergent socio-cultural forms. This is followed by a brief encounter with the dynamics of musical performance as perceived by members of the Guarneri Quartet, after which two contrasting musical scenarios are analyzed in depth. The first focuses on music and ritual practices in the Peruvian Andes, and the second on the English musical renaissance of the early twentieth century. The article closes with a brief comment on the need to examine in depth the social components of musical composition and performance.

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The Bunker and the Desert

On the Motif of the Cube-panel in Inside Mœbius

Renaud Chavanne

composition. The conception and the organisation of images are underpinned by similar principles, which means that the practice of drawing cannot be radically distinguished from that of composition. In comics, the creation of a single image is indissociable

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Narrative Markers in Pablo Picasso’s Tragicomic Strip The Dream and Lie of Franco

Michael Schuldiner

bombing of Guernica. The circular composition of panel 17, in which a mother is wrapped around a murdered child, is also found in panel 12, where the neck and face of the horse is wrapped around the head of the dying man. The most poignant of the images is

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The Socio-Demographic Situation in the Republic of Tuva

Conditions of Social Transformation, 1990s–early 2000s

Zoya Dorzhu

Translator : Jenanne Ferguson

themselves in different ways in different regions of the country, depending on local socio-economic status and urbanization, the ethnic composition of the population, and the dominant type of family. To objectively evaluate the current state and perspectives

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Composition as Spiritual Practice

Mind and Spirit in the World of Arnold Schoenberg

Alfred Fisher

Racial theories of culture were considered by many mid-nineteenth century intellectuals to be a powerful, stylish discipline that could be depended on the conclusion that Europe's Jews were an insidious, inassimilable cultural economic force. While recent research supports the authorship of Liszt's companion, Princess Caroline Sayn-Wittengstein, Liszt allowed his name to the author of The Gypsy in Music, which follows in the path established influential racial theorist, Count Arthur de Gobineau, author of the seminal sur l'Inégalité des Races Humaines (1853–55). In the three chapters Liszt/Sayn- Wittgenstein's book devoted to the 'Jew in Music', the Jew is identified as a link in the production/consumption cycle of art, incapable of imagination and individuality.

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An experiment in story‐telling

Reassembling the house in Ladakh

Sophie Day

In 2013, my friend from previous periods of fieldwork, Deen Khan, suggested we photograph some of his favourite belongings and the few packed‐away memories that he had managed to retrieve from one of his stores at the time. Other Ladakhis were puzzled by Deen's extensive and haphazard collection, but he and I made a small ‘storyboard’ from some of the objects, which I explore in relation to Deen's unfolding biography from 2013 to 2017. The storyboard, as a collaborative endeavour, becomes a mechanism that foregrounds the material moorings of both biography and ethnography, brings them together in unanticipated ways and illuminates their many connections. In illustration, I show how references to partition drew connections between the state and its frontiers, relations among Buddhist and Muslim Ladakhis, and patterns of familial inheritance.

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Educational Background and Elite Composition: Jewish Political Leadership during the British Mandate

Taysir Nashif

This article identifies a series of educational characteristics, such as place and level of education attained by individuals, their fields of specialization, and the knowledge of languages. The focus is on members of the Jewish Agency for Palestine—a leading organization of the Yishuv—during the British Mandate (1921-1948). Elite educational variables were potentially significant in a number of different ways: ensuring greater political effectiveness, establishing and promoting stronger ties with the people among whom elite members lived, articulating and communicating of political messages, and so on. This article claims that educational traits have been significant in facilitating the eventual realization of the Zionist project.

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German State Constitutional Courts

The Justices

Werner Reutter

appointed to national high courts are legion. 14 Although there exists a host of studies on the composition of u.s. state supreme courts, our knowledge about justices serving on German state constitutional courts is still comparatively scant. 15 These

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Learning to Pray by Singing

Gregorian Chants with Texts Based on the Psalms

Stefan Klöckner

partly associative and partly reflected contents: thus, for example, Jerusalem as a biblical city, as the human soul, as Church, and as the eternal home after death. A Look into the ‘Gregorian Composition Workshop’ If we were to visit a fictional