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The Concept of Religion in Meiji Popular Discourse

An Analysis of the Newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun

Makoto Harris Takao

religious studies.” 6 Prompted by a broader shift led by the likes of Talal Asad, Jacques Derrida, and Timothy Fitzgerald, the concept of religion has come to be understood “not [as] a universal entity[,] but [as] a culturally specific category that took

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Arian Hopf

religion but religion as a whole. One must remember that the nineteenth century was a period of tremendous change regarding the concept of religion. Not only was it detached from Christianity and perceived as a multiple category that included other belief

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Daniel Gordon

Using a comparative method, this article explores the reasons for the absence of a legal ban on Muslim headscarves in the United States. Study of France reveals a culture that values "public space" and "citizenship." The United States places more value on the generic concept of "religion" as the unifying bond among individuals, even of different religious groupings. Cross-religious sympathy is a distinctive feature of American culture and reflected in legal briefs to the Supreme Court. The article suggests that legal concepts are not merely reflections of social institutions but are important social facts in themselves.

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Pamela Ballinger and Kristen P. Ghodsee

Scholars of religion have increasingly brought secularism within the framework of critical studies of spirituality, analyzing the dialogic relationship between religions and secularisms past and present. This emerging field of “postsecularist” studies examines the multiple meanings and practices that different cultures and societies attach to the concepts of “religion,” “faith,” and “piety.” The articles presented in this special section of Aspasia contribute to these larger academic debates by focusing on the multiethnic and historically pluralistic region of Southeastern Europe, an area too often ignored in larger scholarly discussions that have focused primarily on Western Europe and the so-called Third World. More important, the articles in this volume demonstrate how secularization projects are intricately interwoven with gender relations in any given society. Collectively, the articles urge readers to draw connections between the shifting spiritual cartographies, state formations, and definitions of appropriate masculinity and femininity of particular Southeastern European societies.

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Max Stille

sketches how courtly and classical languages meet, each carrying decidedly different relations to the religious and the royal, and describes the increasingly important role of vernaculars in shaping concepts of religion and the political. Describing long

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Anton Jansson, Kai Vogelsang, and Nele Kuhlmann

modern concept of religion comes in focus. Two important semantic inventions presented here are, first, that religion during the seventeenth century becomes possible to speak of as a plural and, second, that it acquires a definite article. The main

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God's Voice in a Secular Society

A Muslim Perspective

Taniya Hussain

of life, and the Sanskrit dharma covers law, politics, and social institutions as well as piety. The Hebrew Bible has no abstract concept ofreligion’; and the Talmudic rabbis would have found it impossible to define faith in a single word or

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Distributional Concept Analysis

A Computational Model for History of Concepts

Peter De Bolla, Ewan Jones, Paul Nulty, Gabriel Recchia, and John Regan

Årsheim, who notes that tracking the history of the concept of religion from the ancient world to our own time “ultimately comes down to the somewhat basic and blunt observation that the ancient world had no word or corresponding concept to our modern

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Adeel Hamza and John Gannon

(2011: 37): ‘It is by now well known that the modern concept of religion as an object of systematic study is relatively recent. The term religio is of course quite old, but it did not have the sense that emerged in early modern times. Roughly from the

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The Religious Foundations of Capoeira Angola

The Cosmopolitics of an Apparently Non-religious Practice

Sergio González Varela

What are the religious foundations of capoeira Angola? The answer to this question depends on one’s definition of the word ‘religion’. There has been a lengthy discussion in anthropology about the concept of religion that continues until the present