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Kari Palonen

This article is a thought experiment. It constructs ideal types of political representation in the sense of Max Weber. Inspired by Quentin Skinner and others, the aim is to give a rhetorical turn to contemporary debates on representation. The core idea is to claim an ‘elective affinity’ (Wahlverwandschaft, as Weber says following Goethe) between forms of representation and rhetorical genres of their justification. The four ideal types of political representation are designated as plebiscitary, diplomatic, advocatory, and parliamentary, corresponding to the epideictic, negotiating, forensic, and deliberative genres of rhetoric as the respective ways to plausibly appeal to the audience. I discuss historical approximations of each type of representation and apply the combination of representation and rhetorical genres to the understanding of the European Union’s unconventional system of ‘separation of powers’. I conclude with supporting parliamentary representation, based on dissensus and debate, with complements from other types.

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From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

In the nineteenth century, a number of political actors developed their insightful reflections on the concept of representation, and its reconceptualization appears to have been an indelible part of the democratization processes. This was the case

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Stuck in the Colonial Past?

Perpetuating Racist, Environmental Myths of Kenya in a Swiss Zoo

Samantha S. Sithole, Marianna Fernandes, Olivier Hymas, Kavita Sharma, and Gretchen Walters

This contribution challenges representations of landscapes and communities within zoos in Europe that may amplify colonial narratives of local people through a racialised and often static lens. Instead of a holistic portrayal of the relationship between humans and nature that the EAZA (European Association of Zoos and Aquaria) stipulates within its guidelines, some European zoos continue to perpetuate a narrow view of foreign landscapes within their exhibits. Utilising the concept of representation, this short article argues that Zoo Zürich reinforces colonial narratives through its new Lewa exhibit, an exhibit based on a Kenyan conservancy. This piece is based on an improvised visit to the zoo to see the new African exhibit. It highlights discrepancies between the Lewa exhibit, guidelines of the EAZA and the Lewa Conservancy in Kenya. In this light, we propose recommendations for European zoos to decolonise their institutions and exhibits based on an understanding that is not only scientific, but also historical, critically reflective, and inclusive of non-Western perspectives.

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The Modernity of Political Representation

Its Innovative Thrust and Transnational Semantic Transfers during the Sattelzeit (Eighteenth to Nineteenth Centuries)

Samuel Hayat and José María Rosales

become responsive to their demands. 1 But since the concept of representation is so embedded in the day-to-day workings of democratic regimes, it has largely lost significant traces of its history that shed light on its political dawn. The

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Anastasia Deligiaouri and Jane Suiter

opponents in democratic theory. Markedly this discussion is tied to the concept of representation, one of the most contested and analyzed elements of democracy among theorists (e.g., see the basic ground for this discussion at Saward 2008

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Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon

everybody wants: to be represented. There’s not that many of us who would stand around saying the opposite, that we don’t want political representation. Hanna Pitkin (1967) uses this point in her book The Concept of Representation . Most of us want to

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Representative Government in the Dutch Provinces

The Controversy over the Stadtholderate (1705–1707) and Simon van Slingelandt

Bert Drejer

provinces and the Republic as a whole. It is the pervasiveness of this practice of delegation that is commonly seen to have been the peculiar feature of early modern Dutch government. And it is the corresponding concept of representation as speaking or

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Daryl Glaser

: Verso . Naidoo , L. 2016 . ‘ Hallucinations ’. http://witsvuvuzela.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Hallucinations_RUTHFIRST_August2016_FINAL.pdf?61603 (accessed on 7 October 2017 ). Pitkin , H. 1967 . The Concept of Representation

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Creating the People as ‘One’?

On Democracy and Its Other

Marta Nunes da Costa

concept of representation, although with a specific history that was, by no means, democratic in nature, 8 was introduced by the Founding Fathers because they had a profound mistrust of power as such and of ‘human nature’. Madison’s views strengthen this

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Filimon Peonidis

for Research in Values and Philosophy . Pitkin , Hanna Fenichel . 1967 . The Concept of Representation . Berkeley : University of California Press . 10.1525/9780520340503 Runciman , David . 2008 . Political Hypocrisy: The Mask of Power, from