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Kari Palonen

This article is a thought experiment. It constructs ideal types of political representation in the sense of Max Weber. Inspired by Quentin Skinner and others, the aim is to give a rhetorical turn to contemporary debates on representation. The core idea is to claim an ‘elective affinity’ (Wahlverwandschaft, as Weber says following Goethe) between forms of representation and rhetorical genres of their justification. The four ideal types of political representation are designated as plebiscitary, diplomatic, advocatory, and parliamentary, corresponding to the epideictic, negotiating, forensic, and deliberative genres of rhetoric as the respective ways to plausibly appeal to the audience. I discuss historical approximations of each type of representation and apply the combination of representation and rhetorical genres to the understanding of the European Union’s unconventional system of ‘separation of powers’. I conclude with supporting parliamentary representation, based on dissensus and debate, with complements from other types.

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The Modernity of Political Representation

Its Innovative Thrust and Transnational Semantic Transfers during the Sattelzeit (Eighteenth to Nineteenth Centuries)

Samuel Hayat and José María Rosales

Representation is a major and multifaceted concept of modern politics. Through open and regular elections, it shields the democratic character of representative governments, compelling politicians to pursue the interests of their constituencies and become responsive to their demands. But since the concept of representation is so embedded in the day-to-day workings of democratic regimes, it has largely lost significant traces of its history that shed light on its political dawn. The instrumentalization of the concept by representative governments in order to assess their democratic legitimacy obfuscates its seminal ambiguities and the history of conflicts about its meaning and institutional functions.

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From "De Facto King" to Peasants' Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

This article presents a conceptual history of representation in the political debates of the Polish émigré community in the period 1832–1846/48. As I argue, while the concept was present in the output of all political environments of the Polish Great Emigration, there were more discrepancies than similarities about how to understand it. As a result of debates about what the Polish diaspora in exile actually was and who had the right to represent it, the concept became a part and parcel of political frays. In this way, the right to use it—and consequently to represent the whole Polish community and Polish nation as well—occupied a central place in the evolution of the concept of representation.

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Daryl Glaser

Report%20-%20web.pdf (accessed on 9 February 2018 ). Urbinati , N. and M.E. Warren . 2008 . ‘ The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory ’, Annual Review of Political Science 11 : 387 – 412 .

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Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon

everybody wants: to be represented. There’s not that many of us who would stand around saying the opposite, that we don’t want political representation. Hanna Pitkin (1967) uses this point in her book The Concept of Representation . Most of us want to

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Creating the People as ‘One’?

On Democracy and Its Other

Marta Nunes da Costa

, democratic government stands for the ideal that people rule themselves indirectly via representatives. The concept of representation, although with a specific history that was, by no means, democratic in nature, 8 was introduced by the Founding Fathers

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Common Democracy

Political Representation beyond Representative Democracy

Alexandros Kioupkiolis

, Hanna . 1972 . The Concept of Representation . Berkeley : University of California Press . Prentoulis , Marina , and Lasse Thomassen . 2013 . “ Political Theory in the Square: Protest, Representation and Subjectification. ” Contemporary

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The Deliberative Potential of Facultative Referendums

Procedure and Substance in Direct Democracy

Alice el-Wakil

, and Mark E. Warren . 2008 . “ The Concept of Representation in Contemporary Democratic Theory. ” Annual Review of Political Science 11 ( 1 ): 387 – 412 . Young , Iris Marion . 2001 . “ Asymmetrical Reciprocity: On Moral Respect, Wonder

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Filimon Peonidis

: Council for Research in Values and Philosophy . Pitkin , Hanna Fenichel . 1967 . The Concept of Representation . Berkeley : University of California Press . Runciman , David . 2008 . Political Hypocrisy: The Mask of Power, from Hobbes to Orwell and

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Keith Alexander

Introduction to Democratic Theory (New York, 1960), 218-219. 121 Gordon Smith, Politics in Western Europe , 5th ed. (Aldershot, 1989), 112. 122 Hanna Pitkin, The Concept of Representation (Berkeley, 1967), 64. 123 A. J. Nicholls, The Bonn Republic (London