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Afterword

Comparison in the Anthropological Study of Plural Religious Environments

Birgit Meyer

groups compared, which are due at least in part to stances of the state toward religion and its regulation, have to be acknowledged and addressed. Comparison as Conceptual Innovation Of course, the point of these articles is not a return to an old

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The Europeanization of Citizenship

Conceptual Innovations, Legal Changes, and Development of New Institutional Practices

Claudia Wiesner

The development of citizenship in the framework of European integration has been marked by conceptual innovations. This article concentrates on three of its elements: antidiscrimination rights, the concept of Union Citizenship, and the right to free movement. In these cases, either concepts were newly coined, or already-established concepts were newly interpreted in the context of the European Union by the European Commission or by the Council. In a second step, they were then incorporated into new EU citizenship laws and then transferred into national legislation and national political and administrative practice. During the implementation phase in the member states, the innovations often led to conflicts related to the interpretation of the new concepts in political and administrative practice. The article discusses the related processes as a pattern of conceptual innovation by law making that is typical for the EU.

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'Fire from Above, Fire from Below'

Health, Justice and the Persistence of the Sacred

James R. Cochrane

The essay refers to a concern for social justice in the origins of public health, borne in part by religious commitments, and to more recent expressions of a similar concern in debates about health equity. Equity, moreover, is affected by discursive power relations (dominant/hegemonic versus local/suppressed), which are discussed in relation to current research in the African Religious Health Assets Programme on the interaction of particular 'healthworlds' (a conceptual innovation) that shape the choices and behaviour of health-seekers. Two background theoretical positions guide the argument: Amartya Sen's claim that development is linked to freedom (including religious freedom); and, building on Sen's and Martha Nussbaum's human capabilities theory, an asset-based community approach to the building or reconstruction of public health systems. On this basis, it is argued that health systems and health interventions are just to the extent that they mediate between the necessary leadership or polity from 'above' (techné) and the experience and wisdom (métis) of those who are 'below', taking into account the asymmetries of power that this equation represents. Because difference and diversity are so often expressed in what we might reasonably call 'religious' terms, I specifically emphasize the continuing persistence of religion and, hence, the importance of accounting for its pertinence in social theory generally, and in relation to discourses of health and justice in the African context specifically. Acknowledging the ambiguities of religion, I nevertheless argue that an appreciative alignment between public health systems and religious or faith-based initiatives in health promotion, prevention and care is crucial to sustainable and just health systems in Africa.

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Introduction

A Focus on the History of Concepts

Eirini Goudarouli

actors in the peripheries played in the process of the transfer, appropriation, and redefinition of conceptual innovations in different local contexts is crucial to furthering our understanding. In suggesting the necessity of the study of the process and

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Stefan Nygård, Matti La Mela and Frank Nullmeier

against copies with small variations and thereby necessitated a more qualitative approach to copying. Chapter 4 focuses on nineteenth-century France, where the conceptual innovation took place with reference to doctrine —the practice of courts

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Avery Poole

Lumpur . Collier , David , and Steven Levitsky . 1997 . “ Democracy with Adjectives: Conceptual Innovation in Conceptual Research .” World Politics 49 ( 3 ): 430 – 451 , doi: 10.1353/wp.1997.0009 . Croissant , Aurel , and Jeffrey Haynes

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Walking with the Goat-God

Gothic Ecology in Algernon Blackwood’s Pan’s Garden: A Volume of Nature Stories

Michelle Poland

gradualism, coherency, and balance, the works of authors such as Mary Shelley and H.G. Wells developed conceptual innovations of chaotic nature that certainly resonate with a contemporary outlook. Scott argues that, by demonstrating a kind of embryonic

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Staging Sassoun

Memory and Music Video in Post-Soviet Armenia

Rik Adriaans

‘ethnographic record’ of music videos available on YouTube can provide an equally powerful catalyst for conceptual innovation. Having outlined some tentative steps toward an anthropology of globalizing music video, the next sections will explore further what

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Pivots and Levers

Political Rhetoric around Capitalism in Britain from the 1970s to the Present

Neil Foxlee

these collocational relationships are of course worthy of exploration in their own right, they are not the focus of this article, which is rather the conceptual innovation implicit in the fact that, despite their high ranking, face (fourth in the table

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What Is Analysis?

Between Theory, Ethnography, and Method

Martin Holbraad, Sarah Green, Alberto Corsín Jiménez, Veena Das, Nurit Bird-David, Eduardo Kohn, Ghassan Hage, Laura Bear, Hannah Knox and Bruce Kapferer

totalitarianism and a motivating force in the generation of a culture of celebrity and consultancy that structures knowledge in the interests of capital, even in its critiques. The enthusiasm for new theoretical fashions and conceptual innovation is not innocent